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    [Volume 07 || Issue 08 || Version-1 || August- 2018]
    Paper Id ::
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    Paper Title :: Borders, Walls and Imaginaries. Mexico Global Centrality
    Author Name :: María Guadalupe Valiñas Varela || Christopher Sánchez Reséndiz || Francisco Gemalli Muñoz Guerrero
    Page Number :: 01-14
    :: 10.9790/1813-0708010117   

    The globalization generate that different groups leave their country of origin in search of better opportunities. In the countries of the developing world, mainly in Latin America, there are deficiencies that make communities migrate, these groups conform in their minds to a social imaginary of a possible new life, which is based on the "American dream". Dreamers cross the country of Mexico from various areas of the world to reach the United States of America, but it is currently a topic in controversy with the proposed policies for the construction of a wall on the northern border by the president Donald Trump. The importance of this work is grounded on an analysis of the contrast of the social imaginary of migrants with the imaginary of students in Architecture and Urbanism in a semiotic and phenomenological way into the complex thought.

    Keywords - borders, imaginary, globalization, policies, walls.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {María Guadalupe Valiñas Varela || Christopher Sánchez Reséndiz || Francisco Gemalli Muñoz Guerrero},
    title = {Borders, Walls and Imaginaries. Mexico Global Centrality},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {08},
    pages = {01-14},
    month = {August}
    }
    Paper Id ::
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    Paper Title :: Conceptual Model For Developing E-Learning Systems Based On
    User Learning Patterns And Styles
    Author Name :: Aniedu A.N || Chukwuneke C.I || Asogwa D.C || Obioma Peace. C.
    Page Number :: 15-20
    :: 10.9790/1813-0708011520  

    Over the past decade universities all over the world have realized the value of providing educational information and services electronically. This paper develops a unique conceptual model by integrating the TAM with a set of new factors identified in the literature: user experience and service quality. The revised TAM model developed in this paper is to study.

    Keywords - E-Learning, Model.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Aniedu A.N || Chukwuneke C.I || Asogwa D.C || Obioma Peace. C.},
    title = {Conceptual Model For Developing E-Learning Systems Based On User Learning Patterns And Styles},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {08},
    pages = {15-20},
    month = {August}
    }
    Paper Id ::
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    Paper Title :: Analytical Development Of The Internal Energy Evolution Of A Strand Forming An Anti-Gyratory Steel Wire Rope
    Author Name :: Mohamed Bechtaoui || Nadia Mouhib || Jilali Nattaj || Mohamed Elghorba
    Page Number :: 21-27
    :: 10.9790/1813-0708012127   

    The main objective of this manuscript is to develop an analytical method based on experimental results to evaluate the reliability of a 19x7 anti-gyratory wire rope during its periodic control on its exploitation. In this work, the wire rope is supposed to undergo two modes of degradation (fatigue and wear), ignoring other degradation modes (corrosion, torsion, erosion, etc.). The energetic behavior of a strand extracted from steel wire rope and subjected to static tests has been approached in the development of analytical relations on the experimental results data. The results obtained relate the variation of internal energy of the strand during the static test, to the fraction of life characterized by the number of cut wires. The main advantage of determining the internal energy variation of a strand is that it can be integrated into preventive maintenance as a periodic control criterion.

    Keywords - Degradation, Internal energy, Static test, , Strand, Wire rope.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Mohamed Bechtaoui || Nadia Mouhib || Jilali Nattaj || Mohamed Elghorba},
    title = {Analytical Development Of The Internal Energy Evolution Of A Strand Forming An Anti-Gyratory Steel Wire Rope},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {08},
    pages = {21-27},
    month = {August}
    }
    Paper Id ::
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    Paper Title :: Small And Medium Enterprises Batik Handycraff Industry Of Central Java In Indonesia
    Author Name :: Siti Nurlaela || Istiqomah || Ratna Damayanti || Eny Kustiyah
    Page Number :: 28-31
    :: 10.9790/1813-0708012831  

    Export product development program entrepreneurship training on the implementation of research and development conducted by surakarta batik university to increase the growth of export products produced by Small Business community. Small and medium enterprises Batik Tumaruntum using dyes from nature while batik Pandono and batik Cahaya Baru using painting techniques and stamp dyeing in making motifs. The uniqueness of these three Small and Medium Enterprises is due to its high artistic value. In order for products produced by the company, the company has quality products and services. In order for products produced by the company, the company has quality products and services. The first year (2017) focuses on solving raw material coloring problems, less effective and efficient production processes, production planning, adding to the expansion of product design and the provision of more modern equipment.

    Keywords - Small and Medium Enterprises Batik Export Products.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Siti Nurlaela || Istiqomah || Ratna Damayanti || Eny Kustiyah},
    title = {Small And Medium Enterprises Batik Handycraff Industry Of Central Java In Indonesia},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {08},
    pages = {28-31},
    month = {August}
    }
    Paper Id ::
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    Paper Title :: Calculation of Plates on Elastic Foundation by the Generalized Equations of Finite Difference Method
    Author Name :: Moussa Sali || Frederic Lontsi || Oumarou Hamandjoda || Danwé Raidandi
    Page Number :: 32-38
    :: 10.9790/1813-0708013238  

    For the calculation of bending plates on elastic foundation we use the Generalized Equations of the Finite Difference Method. The algorithm allows taking into consideration the finite discontinuities of the desired function, its first derivative and the right part of the differential equation without introduction of fictitious points or a particular tightening of the mesh. The examples presented here show the accuracy of the results and the simplicity of the algorithm.

    Keywords - Plate, Elastic Foundation, Generalized Equations, Finite Difference Method, Boundary Conditions.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Moussa Sali || Frederic Lontsi || Oumarou Hamandjoda || Danwé Raidandi},
    title = {Calculation of Plates on Elastic Foundation by the Generalized Equations of Finite Difference Method},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {08},
    pages = {32-38},
    month = {August}
    }
    Paper Id ::
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    Paper Title :: Technological Analysis and Optimization Of Microgrids And Ders: A Comprehensive Review
    Author Name :: T.Som || D.Thakur
    Page Number :: 39-46
    :: 10.9790/1813-0708013946  

    High demand for reliable power supply has become a vital issue in the current energy scenario. Consequently, many centralized power system has been shifted towards decentralized power generating systems or distributed generations, generally termed or called as microgrid power system. Moreover, the concerns towards global warming and depleting oil/gas reserves have made it inevitable to seek power from renewable energy resources. Consequently, different nonconventional and renewable distributed energy resources (DERs) have emerged as a new energy generating option with ample opportunities for developed and developing countries. Although the microgrid utilizing DERs as energy sources is a potential solution for reliable and clean power supply.........

    Keywords - Carbon-tax, DERs, Energy, Microgrid, Optimization.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {T.Som || D.Thakur},
    title = {Technological Analysis and Optimization Of Microgrids And Ders: A Comprehensive Review},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {08},
    pages = {39-46},
    month = {August}
    }
    Paper Id ::
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    Paper Title :: Protein Enhancement of Gari Using Soybean Flour Blend
    Author Name :: Prince Owusu Amponsah
    Page Number :: 47-52
    :: 10.9790/1813-0708014752  

    Gari is widely consumed in Ghana, Nigeria, most countries of West Africa as well as in Brazil (Olagoke, et al., 2014).Due to its low cost, easy storage, long shelf life and ease of preparation, it serves as the major meal or dish among the low income earners. Consequently, the meal is often not balanced in diet depriving the poor of essential nutrients such as protein. In the present investigation, sifted cassava mash and soybean flour were used in the preparation of nutritionally enhanced gari. The gari was prepared by mixing sifted cassava mash with soy flour in the ratios of 1:1, 3:2, 7:3, 4:3, 1:0 and roasted together for about 15 minutes each until if turned crispy..........

    Keywords - Gari, Enhancement, Treatments Composition, Sensory Properties.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Prince Owusu Amponsah},
    title = {Protein Enhancement of Gari Using Soybean Flour Blend},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {08},
    pages = {47-52},
    month = {August}
    }
    Paper Id ::
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    Paper Title :: Assessment on the Impact of Marine Pollution to the Fisher folks, Coastal-Based Settlers, and Business Establishment Owners in the Province of Biliran, Philippines
    Author Name :: Norberto J. Camarines || Jr., Socorro B. Brun
    Page Number :: 53-56
    :: 10.9790/1813-0708015356  

    This study assessed on the impact of marine pollution to the fisherfolks, coastal-based settlers, and business establishment owners in the Province of Biliran. Descriptive research design was used in this study. The questionnaire composed of two (2) parts: Part 1. The causes of marine pollution and Part II. Impact of marine pollution to the respondents. There were eighty (80) respondents involved and randomly selected within the eight (8) municipality in Biliran. Results, revealed that majority of the municipalities were very much affected due toimproper disposal of garbage (plastic) in whichit was the main causes of marine pollution. In eight (8) municipality,most fisherfolks were denoted very affected that range up to fifty-five (55%) percent in overall assessment. Thus, it is strongly recommended that the Local Government Unit (LGU) in each municipality crafted Municipal Ordinances/Law(s) regarding prohibition of using plastics in all municipalities in the Province of Biliran.

    Keywords - business establishment owners, coastal-based settlers,fisherfolks, impact, marine pollution

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Norberto J. Canaries || Jr. Socorro B. Brun},
    title = {Assessment on The impact Of Marine Pollution to the Fisher folks, Coastal-Based Settlers, And Business Establishment Owners in the Province of Biliran, Philippines},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {08},
    pages = {53-56},
    month = {August}
    }
    Paper Id ::
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    Paper Title :: Root Multiplicity for Some GKM Algebras of Order 4
    Author Name :: Uthra G || Priyanka M
    Page Number :: 57-61
    :: 10.9790/1813-0708015761  

    In this paper, we consider the generalized Kac-Moody algebras associated with Generalized Generalized Cartan matrices of finite A4 family. The root multiplicity of all roots is determined using Witt partition function.

    Keywords - Cartan matrix, Dimension, Hyperbolic, Partition function, Root Multiplicities.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Uthra G || Priyanka M},
    title = {Root Multiplicity for Some Gum Algebras of Order 4},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {08},
    pages = {57-61},
    month = {August}
    }
    Paper Id ::
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    Paper Title :: Recovery of Aluminum from Its Oxide Using Low Cost Fluxes
    Author Name :: Solomon .I. Okeahialam || Okeahialam. A. Onyinyechi || Adindu .A. Imah || Stan .C. Ekenyem || Ferdinand .N.F.Aliegu || Geoffrey's Okeafor
    Page Number :: 62-64
    :: 10.9790/1813-0708016264  

    In this research recovery of aluminum from its oxide (slag) was carried out. Fluxing agents Kcl and Nacl with little Zncl2 were added to lower the melting point of the slag and to speed up the reaction. Clean aluminum was weighed in a digital weighing balance and melted in a crucible furnace (gas fired). After sieving the aluminum slag, coarse aluminum slag with low surface energy was weighed and added to the furnace at intervals. Fluxing agents were then weighed and added into the furnace until the whole mixture is melted. The analysis shows that fluxes work on the surface chemistry by reducing the surface tension and thereby enhancing liberation of the aluminum from the slag. In the first, second, and third experiments 8g, 11g and 9g of aluminum were recovered respectively. The result shows that aluminum can be reused in products after its initial production which is far less expensive and low energy than creating new aluminum Oxide (Al2O3) which must first be mined from bauxites and then refined.

    Keywords - Chloride Fluxes, Slag, Clean Aluminum and Recovery.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Solomon .I. Okeahialam || Okeahialam. A. Onyinyechi || Adindu .A. Imah || Stan .C. Ekenyem || Ferdinand .N.F.Aliegu || Geoffrey's Okeafor},
    title = {Recovery of Aluminum from Its Oxide Using Low Cost Fluxes},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {08},
    pages = {62-64},
    month = {August}
    }
    Paper Id ::
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    Paper Title :: Effect Of High-Pressure Thermal Sterilization On The Inactivation OfGeobacillusstearothermophilusSpores In Ready To Eat Meals
    Author Name :: Ramos S.J. || Millán, D. || Ortiz, L. || Alonso, D. || García de la Torre, S.
    Page Number :: 65-74
    :: 10.9790/1813-0708016574  

    High-pressure thermal sterilization (HPTS) process is a promising technology for the production of high quality low-acid food products which are shelf-stable at room temperature. However, few studies have been conducted on the HPTS inactivation of bacterial spores in different low-acid food matrices. Therefore, within the EU FP SFS-17-2014 nº 635643founded Hipster project HPTS treatments at 600 MPa at 110, 115 and 121 ºC were performed on peas with ham, steamed sole, vegetable cream, and braised veal inoculated with G. stearothermophilusspores. HPTS treatments (600 MPa, 110 ºC, 5 min; 600 MPa, 115 ºC, 3 min and 600 MPa, 121 ºC during the come-up time) of food matrices allowed the achieving of more than 5-log10 cycles of inactivation of most resistant G. stearothermophilus strains...........

    Keywords - Geobacillusstearothermophilus spores High-pressure thermal sterilization Ready to eat meals Thermal treatments Low-acid foods.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Ramos S.J. || Millán, D. || Ortiz, L. || Alonso, D. || García de la Torre, S.},
    title = {Effect Of High-Pressure Thermal Sterilization On The Inactivation OfGeobacillusstearothermophilusSpores In Ready To Eat Meals},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {08},
    pages = {65-74},
    month = {August}
    }
    Paper Id ::
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    Paper Title :: Comparison of Two Different Ultrasonic Devices (Ultrasonic Bath and Ultrasonication) Used in Synthesis of Reduced Graphene Oxide
    Author Name :: Meryem Göktaş || Ferda Mindivan
    Page Number :: 75-79
    :: 10.9790/1813-0708017579  

    The present work reported the comparison of the effectiveness of both ultrasonic bath and ultrasonication for synthesis of reduced graphene oxide and vitamin C was used as a reducing agent. Samples obtained from using ultrasonic bath and ultrasonication was coded as RGO and RGOS, respectively. Experimental results indicated that the RGO samples showed better thermal stability and had more dispersed layered structure than RGOS samples because ultrasonic bath generated better dissociation than ultrasonication.

    Keywords - Reduced graphene oxide, thermal stability, ultrasonic bath, ultrasonication, vitamin C.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Meryem Göktaş || Ferda Mindivan},
    title = {Comparison of Two Different Ultrasonic Devices (Ultrasonic Bath and Ultrasonication) Used in Synthesis of Reduced Graphene Oxide},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {08},
    pages = {75-79},
    month = {August}
    }
    Paper Id ::
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    Paper Title :: A Study of the Performance of Palm Oil Fuel Ash in Suppressing the Effect of Alkali Silica Reaction in Mortar Bars
    Author Name :: Obilade, I.O. || Olutoge, F.A.
    Page Number :: 80-83
    :: 10.9790/1813-0708018083  

    This research considers the effectiveness of Palm Oil Fuel Ash (POFA) in suppressing the Alkali Silica reaction in mortar bars. Mortar bars with POFA replacing Portland Cement by 0, 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50% were cast, demoulded after 24 hours, weighed and immersed in 1N Sodium Hydroxide (NaOH) solution. Measurements of the mortar bar weights were carried out after 6, 12, 18, 24 and 30 days immersion in NaOH solution, each time the bars being immersed in fresh NaOH solution. The percentage increase in the weights of the mortar bars at 0%, 10%, 20%, 30%, 40% and 50% replacement levels were 8.5%, 8.2%, 9.9%, 10.9%, 12.4% and 13.5% respectively which showed that the inclusion of POFA of not more than 10% was able to suppress the expansion of mortar bars resulting from alkali-silica reaction. It is thus recommended that application of POFA in the right dose will suppress alkali silica reaction.

    Keywords - alkali silica reaction, mortar bars, palm oil fuel ash, portland cement.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Obilade, I.O. || Olutoge, F.A.},
    title = {A Study of the Performance of Palm Oil Fuel Ash in Suppressing the Effect of Alkali Silica Reaction in Mortar Bars},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {08},
    pages = {80-83},
    month = {August}
    }
    Paper Id ::
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    Paper Title :: The Role of Financial Institutions in Housing Development in Nigeria
    Author Name :: Oladipo Francis Olukayode || Olanrewaju Sharafadeen Babatunde Owolabi
    Page Number :: 84-88
    :: 10.9790/1813-0708018488  

    This project work is objectively designed to examine the roles of financial institution in housing development in Nigeria. The provision of adequate, decent and affordable housing in a country is one of the key indicators for measuring socio-economic development and stability of the citizens. Housing is therefore a basic necessity of all humans in the world. The importance of housing have been underscore by the famous Abraham Maslow's theory of human needs which puts housing (shelter and security) immediately below the physiological needs in the pyramid of human needs. This research work includes the introduction, the aim and descriptive and quantitative and analytical approaches for qualitative and quantitative data respectively..........

    Keywords - Financial, institutions, housing development.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Oladipo Francis Olukayode || Olanrewaju Sharafadeen Babatunde Owolabi},
    title = {The Role of Financial Institutions in Housing Development in Nigeria},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {08},
    pages = {84-88},
    month = {August}
    }
    Paper Id ::
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    Paper Title :: An Integrated Fuzzy Approach Forerp Deployment Strategy Selection Problem: A Case of Furniture Company
    Author Name :: Burak Erkayman || MasoudKhorshidi
    Page Number :: 89-100
    :: 10.9790/1813-07080189100  

    The importance of the right deployment strategy is neglected while taking into account just the features and capabilities of Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems. Putting the most suitable deployment strategy into the practice for maximizing the performance of the established ERP System has a crucial role. Therefore, this study focused on the analysis and implementation of ERP deployment strategies. In order to select a proper ERP deployment strategy, a combination of fuzzy extension of Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) and evaluation based on fuzzy MOORA (multi objective optimization by ratio analysis) is proposed. Additionally, for expressing the applicability of the offered model, it is supported by a case study..........

    Keywords - Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP); ERP Deployment Strategy; Fuzzy MOORA; Fuzzy Extension of AHP; Group Decision Making.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Burak Erkayman || MasoudKhorshidi},
    title = {An Integrated Fuzzy Approach Forerp Deployment Strategy Selection Problem: A Case of Furniture Company},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {08},
    pages = {89-100},
    month = {August}
    }
    [Volume 07 || Issue 08 || Version-2 || August- 2018]
    Paper Id ::
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    Paper Title :: Interactive System of LED-Studs for Road Signaling Using Adriano Platform and C++ Programming Language
    Author Name :: Dr. Diogo José Horst || Dr. Charles Adriano Duvoisin || André Pscheidt || Adriano Mateus Pertusatti
    Page Number :: 01-07
    :: 10.9790/1813-0708020107  

    This study presents the elaboration of a prototype based on a Lighting Emission Diode (LED)-stud interactive system for road signaling. The prototype was assembled using an Arduino platform programmed in C++ language. The electronic circuit is powered by solar energy, which receives and retransmits information predefined by the user to the other road studs via Global System of Mobile Communications (GSM) module. The studs were designed and three-dimensionally printed (3DP) using yellow polylactic-acid (PLA) filament, however the proposed circuit can also internally integrate conventional road studs. The results show that, in addition to luminous interactivity set by the user as desired, the prototype in question exceeds the light brightness and reflectivity levels of conventional road studs, thereby improving the driver's perception of the track, thus reducing the risk of causing accidents. The solar panel connected to an internal battery for independent power storage was able to power the electronic circuit during 12 uninterrupted hours.

    Keywords - Led-Stud, Luminous interactivity, Road safety, Signaling, Traffic control and management.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Dr. Diogo José Horst || Dr. Charles Adriano Duvoisin || André Pscheidt || Adriano Mateus Pertusatti},
    title = {Interactive System of LED-Studs for Road Signaling Using Adriano Platform and C++ Programming Language},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {08},
    pages = {01-07},
    month = {August}
    }
    Paper Id ::
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    Paper Title :: Gravity Imaging Of the Crustal Structures beneath Southern Cameroon and Its Tectonic Implications
    Author Name :: Severin Nguiya || Cyrille A. F. Cheunteu || Robert Nouayou
    Page Number :: 08-23
    :: 10.9790/1813-0708020823  

    In the present study, digital filters have been applied to gravity data in order to better understand and characterize the crustal structure of the Southern Cameroon. The approach is based on the qualitative and quantitative analysis of the Bouguer anomalies. Different filtering techniques (regional-residual separation, horizontal gradient method, vertical and tilt derivative, upward continuation and Euler deconvolution) were applied to the Bouguer anomalies. The quantitative interpretation of the Bouguer anomaly using the Euler deconvolution allowed to estimate the maximum depth of geological structures source of gravity anomalies beneath the study area at about 18 km...........

    Keywords - Bouguer anomaly, Congo Craton, filter, Pan-African chain, tectonics.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Severin Nguiya || Cyrille A. F. Cheunteu || Robert Nouayou},
    title = {Gravity Imaging Of the Crustal Structures beneath Southern Cameroon and Its Tectonic Implications},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {08},
    pages = {08-23},
    month = {August}
    }
    Paper Id ::
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    Paper Title :: A Green Engine Concept—Need Of The Hour
    Author Name :: Shrinivas Sharangpani
    Page Number :: 24-27
    :: 10.9790/1813-0708022427  

    The serious problems of pollution and global warming appear to be difficult to tackle. The solutions being offered are for containing both rather than eliminating. The real causes of these problems basically are combustion and fossil fuels. If we can tap energy from non-carbonaceous materials without involving combustion the problems will get eliminated. This paper discusses one such chemical reaction of decomposition, which can be made to produce kinetic energy. Such an approach will lead to a totally green engine which will give out useful gases rather than dangerous gases as in case of today's engines.

    Keywords - Green, ammonium nitrate, engine, pollution global warming, concept

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Shrinivas Sharangpani},
    title = {A Green Engine Concept—Need Of The Hour},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {08},
    pages = {24-27},
    month = {August}
    }
    Paper Id ::
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    Paper Title :: Transient Stability Analysis Of Power Station (A Case Study Of Nigeria Power Station)
    Author Name :: V. C. Ogboh || K. C. Obute || A. E. Anyalebechi
    Page Number :: 28-42
    :: 10.9790/1813-0708022842  

    Transient stability, the stability of a power system subjected to a large, sudden and severe disturbance such as the occurrence of fault, sudden outage of a line or sudden application or removal of loads to maintain steady flow. Techniques are available to obtain an approximate solutions of such kinds of faults that could occur on the power system. In this work, simulation of faulted power station was performed, numerical computation techniques was applied, critical clearing angle and time was obtained for the Jebba power station / Jebba – Oshogbo – Ikeja West test transmission line connected to an infinite bus. The result show different graphs generated per simulated fault type and swing curve for sustained and cleared fault.

    Keywords - Matlab, Transient Stabilty, Critical angle, Prime mover, Swing Equation etc.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {V. C. Ogboh || K. C. Obute || A. E. Anyalebechi},
    title = {Transient Stability Analysis Of Power Station (A Case Study Of Nigeria Power Station)},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {08},
    pages = {28-42},
    month = {August}
    }
    Paper Id ::
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    Paper Title :: Local Binary Pattern Based Facial Expression Recognition Using Support Vector Machine
    Author Name :: Bhagyalaxmi Tejinkar || Dr.S.R.Patil
    Page Number :: 43-49
    :: 10.9790/1813-0708024349  

    The most expressive way humans display emotions is through facial expressions. The aim of facial expression recognition methods is to build a system for classification of facial expressions from static images automatically. The face area is first divided automatically into small regions, from which the local binary pattern (LBP) histograms are extracted and concatenated into a single feature histogram, efficiently representing facial expressions anger, disgust, fear, happiness and neutral. The best recognition performance is obtained by using Support Vector Machine classifiers (SVM) on LBP features. Images are taken from JAFFE database for conducting experiments.

    Keywords - Local Binary Pattern (LBP), Facial Expression Recognition (FER), Support Vector Machine (SVM).

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Bhagyalaxmi Tejinkar || Dr.S.R.Patil},
    title = {Local Binary Pattern Based Facial Expression Recognition Using Support Vector Machine},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {08},
    pages = {43-49},
    month = {August}
    }
    Paper Id ::
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    Paper Title :: Image Defogging Based On Dark Channel Prior (Dcp)
    Author Name :: Miss. Suvarna S. Kale || Dr. S. R. Patil
    Page Number :: 50-55
    :: 10.9790/1813-0708025055  

    The presence of fog in the atmosphere degrades the quality of images captured by visible camera sensors. The removal of fog, called defogging, is typically performed under the physical degradation model, which necessitates a solution of an ill-posed inverse problem. To relieve the difficulty of the inverse problem, a novel prior called dark channel prior (DCP) was recently proposed and has received a great deal of attention. Based on the DCP, the defogging is accomplished through four major steps: atmospheric light estimation, transmission map estimation, transmission map refinement, and image reconstruction.

    Keywords - Image processing, image defogging, dark channel prior.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Miss. Suvarna S. Kale || Dr. S. R. Patil},
    title = {Image Defogging Based On Dark Channel Prior (Dcp)},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {08},
    pages = {50-55},
    month = {August}
    }
    Paper Id ::
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    Paper Title :: Trend Analysis of the Sulfur Dioxide and Particulate Matter Concentrations in the Aegean Region, Turkey
    Author Name :: Sibel Cukurluoglu || Ulker Guner Bacanli
    Page Number :: 56-59
    :: 10.9790/1813-0708025659  

    Trend analysis of the concentrations of air pollutant matters is important to assess the long-term increase or decrease. Trend analyses of the concentrations of sulfur dioxide (SO2) and particulate matter (PM10) in annual and winter season (1990–2009) periods in the Aegean Region cities, Denizli, Izmir, Afyon, Aydin, Kutahya, Manisa, and Usak, were investigated using the methods of linear regression, Mann–Kendall, Sen's, and Spearman's Rho. Linear regression analyses showed that decreasing trends of the SO2 concentrations were observed in Izmir and Kutahya. The PM10 concentrations in winter season also showed downward trend in Izmir. According to the Mann–Kendall, Sen's, and Spearman's Rho tests, decreasing trend was observed for the SO2 concentrations in Denizli, while the upward trend was seen for the PM10 concentrations. Constant reductions in the SO2 and PM10 concentrations were determined in Izmir..........

    Keywords - Mann–Kendall method, particulate matter, Sen's method, Spearman's Rho method, sulfur dioxide, trend analysis.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Sibel Cukurluoglu || Ulker Guner Bacanli},
    title = {Trend Analysis of the Sulfur Dioxide and Particulate Matter Concentrations in the Aegean Region, Turkey},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {08},
    pages = {56-59},
    month = {August}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     ..........
    Paper Title :: Customer Relationship Management and Customer Satisfaction: A Comparison between Public and Private Sector Banks in Kerala
    Author Name :: E.Ashraf
    Page Number :: 60-68
    :: 10.9790/1813-0708026068  

    Bank play vital role in the socio economic development of our country. Bank offer several services to boost the living standard of our citizen. In the past, owing to lack of knowledge and proper guidance, the people could not avail the full benefits from the banking industries to enhance their standard of living. It is undeniable that the habits of indian customer is changing. This reflects in the income pattern and cusumption patterns and leads to enhance banking habit of people. With the opening up of economy a number of private sector banks have joint the fray and offering a plethora of products and services rechristening themselves as a financial boutiques , so banking sector become more competitive. The entire service industry is now metamorphosed to become customer–specific. In this context, the management of customer relationship in financial services demands special focus..............

    Keywords - Customer relationship management, customer satisfaction, public sector bank, private sector bank.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {E.Ashraf},
    title = {Customer Relationship Management and Customer Satisfaction: A Comparison between Public and Private Sector Banks in Kerala},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {08},
    pages = {60-68},
    month = {August}
    }
    [Volume 07 || Issue 08 || Version-3 || August- 2018]
    Paper Id ::
     ..........
    Paper Title :: Performance of MGNREGA in Community Assets Creation- A Study in Durgapur- Faridpur Block in Paschim Barddhaman District, West Bengal
    Author Name :: Moumita Kundu
    Page Number :: 01-13
    :: 10.9790/1813-0708030113  

    The National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) enacted by the law of Parliament on August, 2005 and it came into force in 2nd February, 2006. The Act was renamed as the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) in October, 2009. The Act ensures not only Right- Based wage employment to the unemployed Persons who are willing to do unskilled manual labour of 100 days duration in a financial year at a minimum statutory wage in the Rural area but also the distinctiveness of the Act is lies in the fact that it creates durable community assets for the rural community thus leads the rural community one step forwards towards sustainable development............

    Keywords - NREGA, MGNREGA, Durable Community Assets, Chronological and spatial Variations, Right- Based wage Employment.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Moumita Kundu},
    title = {Performance of MGNREGA in Community Assets Creation- A Study in Durgapur- Faridpur Block in Paschim Barddhaman District, West Bengal},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {08},
    pages = {01-13},
    month = {August}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     ..........
    Paper Title :: A Development Approach for Successful Adoption of Information Technology in Agriculture
    Author Name :: Ayub H.Shirandula || Kelvin K. Omieno
    Page Number :: 14-19
    :: 10.9790/1813-0708031419   

    Agriculture is becoming knowledge concentrated because of the need to participate in internationally viable markets. There is an increase in obstacles and restrictions in accessing agricultural inputs, due to need to use regular resources to sustainably cope with the growing threats from varied climatic instabilities, we require new knowledge as the most critical resource for agriculture development. Information and Communication Management and use of appropriate ICT tools or institutions improve agriculture research through sharing and exchange of information and managing research. It rapidly improves agriculture and benefits farmers...........

    Keywords - Adoption, information, agriculture, technology, automated systems, Smartphone mobile, Radio frequency identification, Global Positioning System.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Ayub H.Shirandula || Kelvin K. Omieno},
    title = {A Development Approach for Successful Adoption of Information Technology in Agriculture},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {08},
    pages = {14-19},
    month = {August}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     ..........
    Paper Title :: Traditional And Non-Traditional Products Of Ecuador: Positioning And Efficiency In The International Market For The 2013 – 2017 Period
    Author Name :: Ec. Nathaly Paulina Verdugo Morales || Mgs. Victor Manuel Andrade Díaz
    Page Number :: 20-32
    :: 10.9790/1813-0708032032   

    This paper analyzes the behavior of Ecuador's main traditional and non-traditional export products in the international market during the 2013-2017 period. Specifically, the positioning of the products on a global level is observed by making a comparison of the traditional and non-traditional products; likewise, the efficiency of this products is analyzed. The results obtained show that non-traditional products have an advantage in positioning and efficiency compared to traditional products. Among the traditional products, the banana showed low levels of both positioning and efficiency, the cocoa maintained a situation similar to that of previous years, while the shrimp was consolidated as the best placed traditional product to achieve greater positioning in the international market, likewise an improvement in its efficiency. Unlike shrimp, industrialized coffee showed negative levels of positioning and efficiency, ranking below its main competitors.........

    Keywords - Traditional products, non-traditional products, competitiveness, positioning, efficiency, Ecuador.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Ec. Nathaly Paulina Verdugo Morales || Mgs. Victor Manuel Andrade Díaz},
    title = {Traditional And Non-Traditional Products Of Ecuador: Positioning And Efficiency In The International Market For The 2013 – 2017 Period},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {08},
    pages = {20-32},
    month = {August}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     ..........
    Paper Title :: Effect of Steel Mill Scale Dust and Bamboo Fibres on the Strength Characteristics of Expansive Soil
    Author Name :: Gorapalli N Satyanarayana || S.Durga Prasad || Dr. D S V Prasad || Dr. G V R Prasada Raju
    Page Number :: 33-38
    :: 10.9790/1813-0708033338   

    In highway construction where unsuitable soil is present, it requires to improve its engineering properties. Due to fund restrictions we have to use economical material. As steel industry has a waste with good engineering properties, we can use steel waste with soil. Bamboo is recognized as a potential natural reinforcing material for improvement and stabilization of soil. Construction of foundation for structures on black cotton soil is highly risky on geo-technical grounds because such soil is susceptible to differential settlements, poor shear strength and high compressibility. The properties of the black cotton soils can be altered in many ways viz. mechanical, thermal and chemical means...........

    Keywords - Bamboo Fibres, Compaction, CBR, Expansive Soil, Mill Scale Dust.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Gorapalli N Satyanarayana || S.Durga Prasad || Dr. D S V Prasad || Dr. G V R Prasada Raju},
    title = {Effect of Steel Mill Scale Dust and Bamboo Fibres on the Strength Characteristics of Expansive Soil},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {08},
    pages = {33-38},
    month = {August}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     ..........
    Paper Title :: Assessment Of Performance And Carcass Characteristics In Broiler Chickens Fed Diets Based On Quality Protein Maize Varieties (Abontem And Etubi) Developed In Ghana
    Author Name :: Moses A. Nartey || Frederick N. Odoi || Moses Teye
    Page Number :: 39-46
    :: 10.9790/1813-0708033946   

    The study was conducted to determine some growth performance and carcass characteristics of broiler birds fed diets based on two quality protein maize varieties (Abontem and Etubi), and a traditional variety. One hundred and twenty Arbor Acre day-old broiler chicks were used in a Completely Randomized Designed experiment. There were 3 treatments, each with 4 replicates of 10 chicks. Feed and water were supplied to birds ad libitum. The parameters measured were initial and final weight, feed intake, weight gain and feed conversion efficiency for birds in each replicate pen. At maturity (8 weeks), three birds from each treatment were randomly selected, tagged and slaughtered; hot carcass and viscera weights were taken for each bird.......

    Keywords - Quality protein maize, traditional maize, growth performance, organoleptic properties, proximate composition

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Moses A. Nartey || Frederick N. Odoi || Moses Teye},
    title = {Assessment Of Performance And Carcass Characteristics In Broiler Chickens Fed Diets Based On Quality Protein Maize Varieties (Abontem And Etubi) Developed In Ghana},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {08},
    pages = {39-46},
    month = {August}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     ..........
    Paper Title :: Great Motivators and Impactors on Employees
    Author Name :: S.Vasudevaiah
    Page Number :: 47-58
    :: 10.9790/1813-0708034758   

    This Study is first of its kind into the implementation of incentive bonus schemes in the Indian Railways. The study makes an in depth study into two bonus incentive schemes being implemented in the selected workshops of South Central Railway. In the Lallaguda workshop, Secunderabad the payment by results incentive scheme is being implemented and in the Carriage Repair Workshop, Tirupati, the group incentive scheme is under implementation. Both the schemes offer incentives to the employees on continuous basis for the extra efforts they put in. This examined the implementation of the schemes in the two workshops, the advantages of the schemes, the shortfalls and the reforms needed in their implementation. The author feels there is lack of awareness about the incentive schemes in both the workshops at the lower level of employees. He feels the Railways should undertake an intensive awareness programme on incentive bonus schemes currently under implementation in respective workshops.

    Keywords - Carriage repair workshop, Compensation, group incentive scheme, Incentive bonus, Lallaguda workshop, payment by results.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {S.Vasudevaiah},
    title = {Great Motivators and Impactors on Employees},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {08},
    pages = {47-58},
    month = {August}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     ..........
    Paper Title :: Susceptibility of 316L Austenitic stainless steel and its weldment to stress corrosion cracking
    Author Name :: Ibrahim S. Ibrahim
    Page Number :: 59-63
    :: 10.9790/1813-0708035963   

    Slow strain rate test technique was employed to detect the susceptibility to stress corrosion cracking of conventional 3l6L austenitic stainless steel and its weldment. Tensile testing was carried out at room temperature in air and in 3% NaCl solution of pH 1.5 at open circuit potential and under controlled potential. Tensile testing at open circuit and controlled potential resulted in a decrease in tensile properties and time to failure. However, the reduction in tensile properties and % drop in the time to failure, along with the semi brittle features of fracture surface morphology, indicated little evidence for stress corrosion cracking susceptibility. This could be associatedwith the relatively intermediate stacking fault energy values of the tested materials. Stress corrosion cracking susceptibility of 3I6L weldment was competentto that of 3l6L base metal by virtue of delta ferrite in the microstructure of the weld metal. The results were discussed in relation to the effect of chemical composition on the deformation and stress-corrosion behaviour of the investigated materials.

    Keywords - 316L, austenitic stainless steel, NaCl, stress corrosion cracking, welding.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Ibrahim S. Ibrahim},
    title = {Susceptibility of 316L Austenitic stainless steel and its weldment to stress corrosion cracking},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {08},
    pages = {59-63},
    month = {August}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     ..........
    Paper Title :: Analysis of the propagation of the tidal wave in canal of Vridi (Ebrié lagoon, south-east coast of Côte d'Ivoire)
    Author Name :: Diangoné Eric || Yao Kouadio Salomon || Wango Ted-Edgard || Wognin Ama Irma Valérie
    Page Number :: 64-68
    :: 10.9790/1813-0708036468  

    The goal of the present study is to characterize the tidal in the channel of Vridi before its deepening and widening project by the harmonic analysis of time series of water levels. The form of number F is 0.27. This means that the mixed nature of tide in Abidjan. The harmonic component which shows the greatest amplitude in channel of Vridi is the semidiurnal component M2 of period 12.42 hours. This tidal wave traveling along the channel of Vridi with a decreasing amplitude and a speed of about 0.48 m/s.

    Keywords - Tidal wave, water level, harmonic component, channel of Vridi.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Diangoné Eric || Yao Kouadio Salomon || Wango Ted-Edgard || Wognin Ama Irma Valérie},
    title = {Analysis of the propagation of the tidal wave in canal of Vridi (Ebrié lagoon, south-east coast of Côte d'Ivoire)},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {08},
    pages = {64-68},
    month = {August}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     ..........
    Paper Title :: Oil production and energy input from extraction of Jatropha curcas L. : Effect of seeds form, preheating temperature and applied pressure
    Author Name :: Nsah-ko Tchoumboué || Tangka, J.K. || Njila, R. || Djoussé Kanouo, B.M. || Sogang || Signing, H.B. || Womeni, H. || Ndomou, S.C
    Page Number :: 69-75
    :: 10.9790/1813-0708036975   

    The effect of preheating temperature (25, 50, 75 and 100°C) and applied pressures (8400, 15000, 19500) on oil production characteristics (oil yield, oil quality and energy input) of whole, kernels and crushed Jatropha seeds was assessed between December 2017 and April 2018 at the Renewable Energy Laboratory of the University of Dschang-Cameroon. For this purpose, 100 g of each type of seeds preheated for 5 minutes at the above mentioned temperature, was introduced in the hydraulic press and subjected to the three levels of extraction pressures also mentioned above. The main results were as follows. The non-preheated kernels (25°C) at the applied pressure of 19500 had the highest oil yield (39.03±0.85%) significantly. the lowest oil yield was observed with the crushed seed preheated at 50°C at the lowest pressure.......

    Keywords - jatropha,curcas, Oil yield, acidity, peroxide, iodine, energy input.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Nsah-ko Tchoumboué || Tangka, J.K. || Njila, R. || Djoussé Kanouo, B.M. || Sogang || Signing, H.B. || Womeni, H. || Ndomou, S.C},
    title = {Oil production and energy input from extraction of Jatropha curcas L. : Effect of seeds form, preheating temperature and applied pressure},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {08},
    pages = {69-75},
    month = {August}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     ..........
    Paper Title :: A conceptual framework for selecting construction systems for construction projects delivery
    Author Name :: Oluseye OLUGBOYEGA || Emmanuel Dele OMOPARIOLA || Olusegun Jacob ILORI
    Page Number :: 76-83
    :: 10.9790/1813-0708037683   

    The choice of appropriate construction systems for construction projects is as important as the success of the construction projects. A systematic selection framework for construction system is needed so as to improve the understanding of construction projects on construction systems and to ensure the achievement of project objectives. This paper proposes a systematic framework for selecting construction system for construction projects. The framework consists of key decision criteria for selecting construction systems and was analyzed using the Analytical Hierarchy Process with consistency ratio of 0.075.......

    Keywords - construction systems, construction technology, construction methods, construction projects.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Oluseye OLUGBOYEGA || Emmanuel Dele OMOPARIOLA || Olusegun Jacob ILORI},
    title = {A conceptual framework for selecting construction systems for construction projects delivery},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {08},
    pages = {76-83},
    month = {August}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     ..........
    Paper Title :: Application of Business Intelligence in Insurance Industry (Iraq)
    Author Name :: Ghazwan Khalid Ouda
    Page Number :: 84-92
    :: 10.9790/1813-0708038492   

    The insurance industry faces increasing competitive environment and many challenges. The insurance industry needs to operate ever more efficiently, manage risk, and to increase revenue through using effective tools. Insurance companies handle huge amounts of information every day. To effectively perform their job, insurance companies need simple, fast, powerful tools to access and analysis their information. Additionally, the threats the industry faces require insurance companies to ensure their financial security through proactive risk management. The current information technology allows insurance companies to gain better business decisions and to better performance goals........

    Keywords - Business Intelligence, Data warehouse, Data Mining, On-Line Analytical Processing.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Ghazwan Khalid Ouda},
    title = {Application of Business Intelligence in Insurance Industry (Iraq)},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {08},
    pages = {84-92},
    month = {August}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     ..........
    Paper Title :: A Study on Geotechnical Properties of Expansive Soil Treated with Rice Husk Ash and Terrasil
    Author Name :: V.Taranga Divija Kalyani || Aswari Sultana Begum || Dr. D S V Prasad || Dr. G V R Prasada Raju
    Page Number :: 93-99
    :: 10.9790/1813-0708039399   

    Soils, which exhibit a peculiar alternate swell-shrink behavior due to moisture fluctuations, are known as expansive soils. Expansive soil is considered as the problematic soil for most of construction activities because of its expansive behavior. There are many way to solve this problematic behavior of expansive soil. Soil stabilization is one of the techniques to improve the geotechnical behavior of expansive soil. This paper presents the effect of Rice Husk Ash(RHA) and Terrasil on the geotechnical properties of black cotton soil blending with different percentages with a view to determine the geotechnical behaviour of black cotton soil- RHA-Terrasil. The results obtained show that the increase in RHA content increases the OMC but decreases the MDD, observing improvement of CBR value.

    Keywords - Expansive Soil, Rice Husk Ash, Terrasil, Compaction, Soaked CBR.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {V.Taranga Divija Kalyani || Aswari Sultana Begum || Dr. D S V Prasad || Dr. G V R Prasada Raju},
    title = {A Study on Geotechnical Properties of Expansive Soil Treated with Rice Husk Ash and Terrasil},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {08},
    pages = {93-99},
    month = {August}
    }