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    Volume 6 || Issue 1 || Version-I January- 2017
    Paper Id ::
     512033
    Paper Title :: A review: Morphological, physiological, biochemical and molecular plant responses to water deficit stress
    Author Name :: Ayed Sourour || Othmani Afef || Rezgui Mounir || Ben Younes Mongi
    Page Number :: 01-04
    Paper Index :: 09.1913/xxxxxxxx

    In the conditions of changing climate, plants are continuously subject to several biotic and abiotic stresses. Among these stresses, drought is one of the most severe abiotic stress which threats crops production and yield. Crops demonstrate various morphological, physiological, biochemical and molecular responses under water stress. This review describes some aspects of drought induced changes in morphological, physiological, biochemical and molecular changes in plants. Drought triggers a wide variety of plant responses, ranging from cellular metabolism to changes in growth development including roots, shoots and final yield. Moreover, understanding the biochemical and molecular responses to drought is essential for perception of plant resistance mechanisms to water-limited conditions. The sections of this review deal with plant responses including root growth, transpiration, photosynthesis, phenotypical flexibility, accumulation of solutes and expression of some genes and proteins for improving the tolerance to the drought stress

    Keywords - Adaptation, drought, yield

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Ayed Sourour || Othmani Afef || Rezgui Mounir || Ben Younes Mongi},
    title = {A review: Morphological, physiological, biochemical and molecular plant responses to water deficit stress},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {1},
    pages = {01-04},
    month = {January}
    }
    Paper Id ::
    512047
    Paper Title :: Corrosion Behaviorof Aluminum Alloy 6061withgrain RefinerAl- 6Tiin Salt Solution (3.5%NaCl) After Heat Treatment
    Author Name :: Eltohamy R. Elsharkawy
    Page Number :: 05-11
    Paper Index :: 09.1913/xxxxxxxx

    Aluminium and its alloys are the most used nonferrous metals because of their satisfactory properties. Especially the corrosion resistant in different mediums is the most important reason for this. Aluminum alloy 6061 have been employed as structural material for water-cooled nuclear reactors as a cladding material for the fuel elements on an Egyptian experimental reactor (MTR – type).The aim of this work is to study the effect of grain refiner Al-6Ti on the electrochemicaland corrosionbehavior ofaluminum alloy 6061(AA6061) nuclear grade because the good corrosion resistance against coolant water is very important for nuclear fuel cladding material. This is done by investigating the effect of addition 4gm/kg amount of grain refiner Al-6Ti to AA6061on corrosion behavior.............

    Keywords - ...........................

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Eltohamy R. Elsharkawy},
    title = {Corrosion Behaviorof Aluminum Alloy 6061withgrain RefinerAl- 6Tiin Salt Solution (3.5%NaCl) After Heat Treatment},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {1},
    pages = {05-11},
    month = {January}
    }
    Paper Id ::
    512048
    Paper Title :: Application of Semantic Tagging to Academic Paper Services
    Author Name :: Sumi Shin
    Page Number :: 12-16
    Paper Index :: 09.1913/xxxxxxxx

    As the semantic web becomes more common, interactive data have gotten more important. In academic papers which provide online publish services, therefore, their usage and strength can be enhanced by applying semantic tagging. Semantic tagging makes it possible to understand the characteristics and categories of tagged words at a glance and use them for visualization. If detailed explanation on the tagged words can also be viewed at the same time while reading a paper, in addition, readers' convenience and legibility can be improved simultaneously. This study compared the keywords tagged in Spotlight and TAGME respectively and those tagged in both systems. Among 10 papers in 5 subjects, those with improved keyword matching accounted for 70%, 60%, 50%, 60% and 80% respectively..................

    Keywords -Academic paper services, Semantic Tagging, Semantic Web, Tagging

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Sumi Shin},
    title = {Application of Semantic Tagging to Academic Paper Services},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {1},
    pages = {12-16},
    month = {January}
    }
    Paper Id ::
    512049
    Paper Title :: A Study of User Preference-Based Collaborative Filtering Algorithm
    Author Name :: Sumi Shin
    Page Number :: 17-20
    Paper Index :: 09.1913/xxxxxxxx

    A recommendation system is a program which attempts to predict items that users may be interested in, considering their preference and taste. Collaborative filtering is an algorithm which is most commonly used in the recommendation system. It recommends the items that users are interested in with similar preferences. The system finds similar users based on all users' purchase and rating data. However, user preferences can change, and this kind of change may slow down recommendation performances. To upgrade these recommendation performances, this study proposes a user preference-reflected recommendation technique. The precision and MAE of the proposed method were measured, using MovieLens data set. Compared to conventional collaborative filtering techniques, the proposed method revealed better results.

    Keywords -Collaborative Filtering, Recommender System, Recommendation, User Preference

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Sumi Shin},
    title = {A Study of User Preference-Based Collaborative Filtering Algorithm},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {1},
    pages = {17-20},
    month = {January}
    }
    Paper Id ::
    512050
    Paper Title :: A Study of Weight-Based Techniques for Recommender System Application
    Author Name :: Sumi Shin
    Page Number :: 21-25
    Paper Index :: 09.1913/xxxxxxxx

    This study proposed popularity and awareness-based weight techniques which can be used in collaborative filtering approach. In this concept, relative popularity change and features which change depending on users' awareness ratio are applied as they are. Therefore, it is recommendable according to trends. Furthermore, it can improve a probability of being satisfied when a user selects a product after its relative quality is considered for recommendation. This study proposes a method which increases product quality with weight. This applied weight to a 2-D recommendation space which is evaluated by the recommender system operated in conventional web environment for recommendation, making recommendation considering multidimensional elements possible......

    Keywords -Collaborative Filtering, Item Quality, Weight-based, Recommender System, Recommendation

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Sumi Shin},
    title = {A Study of Weight-Based Techniques for Recommender System Application},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {1},
    pages = {21-25},
    month = {January}
    }
    Paper Id ::
    512051
    Paper Title :: Analysis of Relation Between Financial Performance and the Use of Lean Six Sigma by the Top Fortune Companies Worldwide as Published by Forbes Magazine
    Author Name :: Ismail Idrissi || Ilham Aftais || Abdelhalem. Mesfioui || Bouchra Benazzouz
    Page Number :: 26- 31
    Paper Index :: 09.1913/xxxxxxxx

    Lean Six Sigma represents a management approach for driving innovating processes inside a company in order to achieve superior results. It involves a practical analysis based on facts, aiming the innovation and growth, not only the efficiency of processes. It is a long term process of gradual and continuous improvement. The application of Lean Six Sigma in companies led to attaining superior financial performance by addressing new needs, by differentiating the products and services or by adjusting the business lines to new processes. Quality is more than making things without errors. It is about making a product or service meet the individual perception of a customer about the quality or value...........

    Keywords -Lean Six Sigma, innovation, strategy, quality, gradual and continuous process, top 25 fortune companies

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Ismail Idrissi || Ilham Aftais || Abdelhalem. Mesfioui || Bouchra Benazzouz},
    title = {Analysis of Relation Between Financial Performance and the Use of Lean Six Sigma by the Top Fortune Companies Worldwide as Published by Forbes Magazine},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {1},
    pages = {26-31},
    month = {January}
    }
    Paper Id ::
    512052
    Paper Title :: Using Inductive Instruction Into Teaching Topic "Primitive and Integral" For High School Students: The Survey of Mathematics Teachers in Vietnam
    Author Name :: Nguyen Phu Loc || Nguyen Huynh Thanh Tam
    Page Number :: 32-35
    Paper Index :: 09.1913/xxxxxxxx

    The inductive instruction is an active teaching method. By this method, the teacher can offer opportunities for students to observe, analyze, predict, generalize from some particular instances. The results of the survey showed that most teachers of mathematics teachers have recognized the strong points of this method; however, in teaching the topic "Primitive and Integral" of Calculus 12 in Vietnam, they have not been preferred to apply inductive instruction into their job.

    Keywords -Primitive, integral, inductive instruction, calculus teaching, mathematics education.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Nguyen Phu Loc || Nguyen Huynh Thanh Tam},
    title = {Using Inductive Instruction Into Teaching Topic "Primitive and Integral" For High School Students: The Survey of Mathematics Teachers in Vietnam},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {1},
    pages = {32-35},
    month = {January}
    }
    Paper Id ::
    512059
    Paper Title :: Integrated Supply Chain Management Practices in the Flow Information Toyota Car Dealer in Kendari
    Author Name :: La Hatani
    Page Number :: 36-43
    Paper Index :: 09.1913/xxxxxxxx

    Supply chain management is the company's efforts to increase competitiveness, through reduced operating costs, improved inventory, decisions regarding the flow of information, customer satisfaction and in which there are networks of companies ranging from suppliers, distributors, agents and consumers. This study aims to explain the integrated Supply Chain Management practices in the information flow of Toyota car dealer in Kendari City. Informants in this study are administration department manager, supervisor, and salesman Toyota car dealer in Kendari City. Data collection methods used was interviews and the Literature Review, Analysis of the data used is descriptive qualitative analysis. The study states that the implementation of integrated supply chain management in times like these fit applied, because this system has advantages wherein capable of regulating the flow of information in a supply chain.

    Keywords - Supply Chain Management, Flow Information.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {La Hatani},
    title = {Integrated Supply Chain Management Practices in the Flow Information Toyota Car Dealer in Kendari},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {1},
    pages = {36-43},
    month = {January}
    }
    Paper Id ::
    512046
    Paper Title :: Hip contact forces and moments at total hip joint prosthesis during walking using AMTI force 5 hip simulator
    Author Name :: Dr. Sadiq J. Abbas || Umaima R. Khairy
    Page Number :: 44-55
    Paper Index :: 09.1913/xxxxxxxx

    In this study, forces and moments at six twenty eight millimeters femoral heads hip joint implants were measured during walking using AMTI force 5 hip simulator depending upon the curves of the angles of the angular motion of the hip joint in three axes (abduction\abduction, flexion\extension and internal\external rotation) and the force that is vertically applied on the hip joint during one gait cycle taken from the ISO standard (14242_1\ 2014). Four of the tested implants had cross-linked polyethylene acetabular cup and two of them had ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene acetabular cup, and all of the tested implants had femoral head made of cobalt-chromium-molybdenum alloy.............

    Keywords - AMTI force 5, Biomechanics, Hip joint prosthesis, Hip simulator.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Dr. Sadiq J. Abbas || Umaima R. Khairy},
    title = {Hip contact forces and moments at total hip joint prosthesis during walking using AMTI force 5 hip simulator},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {1},
    pages = {44-55},
    month = {January}
    }
    Paper Id ::
    511025
    Paper Title :: Reason for the Vogue of Chinese Stories of Talented Scholars and Beauties and Its Effect to the Japanese, Korean and Vietnamese Literature
    Author Name :: Guo Jian Xun || Pham Quynh Son
    Page Number :: 56-60
    Paper Index :: 09.1913/xxxxxxxx

    Chinese stories of talented scholars and beauties appeared at the end of Ming Dynasty and had a great vogue in the early of Qing Dynasty. This type novel as its name implies, tells about a challenging love story between a "scholar" and a "beauty". Although it neither contains high art degree nor greatly affect overall indigenous literature, it became prevalent in some periods, even spread its fame to some neighboring countries such as Vietnam, Japan and Korea. This article will offer a number of explanations for why stories of talented scholars and beauties was not highly appreciated but could flourish in Chinese society and its influence to the literature of Vietnam, Japan, Korea.

    Keywords - Chinese stories of talented scholars and beauties, Vietnamese Nom story, Japanese novel, Korean novel, effect.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Guo Jian Xun || Pham Quynh Son},
    title = {Reason for the Vogue of Chinese Stories of Talented Scholars and Beauties and Its Effect to the Japanese, Korean and Vietnamese Literature},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {1},
    pages = {56-60},
    month = {January}
    }
    Paper Id ::
    512057
    Paper Title :: Evaluation of STBC and Convolutional Code Performance for Wireless Communication System
    Author Name :: Siraj Qays Mahdi
    Page Number :: 61-71
    Paper Index :: 09.1913/xxxxxxxx

    Under rich dissipating environment, Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) scheme have better performance in term of reliability and increasing the throughput. Space Time Block Code (STBC) can reduce the Bit Error Rate (BER) with suitable data rate. In order to raise the amount of throughput more, high modulation order is used but it degrade the performance. To address this problem, a Convolutional Code (CC) can be support such system with various code rate to deal with different circumstances. This research is proposed a system with serial concatenation of STBC and CC with various modulation levels.............

    Keywords - MIMO, STBC, Convolutional code.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Siraj Qays Mahdi},
    title = {Evaluation of STBC and Convolutional Code Performance for Wireless Communication System},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {1},
    pages = {61-71},
    month = {January}
    }