•  
    Volume 6 || Issue 10 || Version-1 October- 2017
    Paper Id ::
     69059
    Paper Title :: Water Constrains South Africa's Energy Future: A Case Study on Integrated Energy-Water Nexus Modeling and Analysis
    Author Name :: Diego Rodriguez || Anna Delgado || Morgan Bazilian || Fadiel Ahjum || James Cullis || Pat DeLaquil || Gary Goldstein || Rikard Liden || Bruno Merven || Fernando Miralles-Wilhelm || Antonia Sohns || Adrian Stone || Michael Toman
    Page Number :: 01-25
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610010125   

    This research involves integrating a representation of water supply into an energy systems model to better reflect the interdependent nature of the energy-water nexus in South Africa; the water challenges facing the energy system are therefore of primary interest. The research methodology developed focuses on embedding the various water supply options in a least-cost optimization platform, so that the cost of water is fully captured as energy sector investments are planned, and any changes in these investments due to implementing this nexus approach can be quantified. The results of this investigation demonstrate the process and type of tools that can be employed to examine the water-energy nexus and the insights that can be gained from integrated energy-water planning.................

    Keywords - ...........

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Diego Rodriguez || Anna Delgado || Morgan Bazilian || Fadiel Ahjum || James Cullis || Pat DeLaquil || Gary Goldstein || Rikard Liden || Bruno Merven || Fernando Miralles-Wilhelm || Antonia Sohns || Adrian Stone || Michael Toman},
    title = {Water Constrains South Africa's Energy Future: A Case Study on Integrated Energy-Water Nexus Modeling and Analysis},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {01-25},
    month = {October}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     69019
    Paper Title :: Strategy Development of Fishery Business in The Coastal Area Bone Bay Southeast Sulawesi Province
    Author Name :: Ibnu Hajar || Abd. Azis Muthalib || Ahmad Mukhlis Nuriadi || Edi Hamka || Sukarta || Muh. Nur || Mahmudin A.Sabilalo
    Page Number :: 26-34
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610012634   

    This research was conducted in coastal area of Bone Bay Southeast Sulawesi Province with the aim to formulate Strategy development of fishery business in coastal area Bone Bay Southeast Sulawesi Province. The type of data used in this study is primary data and secondary data. Primary data collected in the field were obtained from observations, both in the form of questionnaires, focus group discussions, interviews with related parties and documentation. Primary data is more focused on the performance of the fisheries sector in the economic, social, environmental and institutional sectors as well as the problems faced by each sector. The method of analysis used to achieve the research objectives is SWOT analysis. The result of research by using SWOT analysis, it is formulated that to develop fishery business in coastal area of Bone Bay Southeast Sulawesi, the strategy that must be done is: (1) Optimization of capture fishery potential through government support..........

    Keywords - Strategy development, Fishery business and Coastal area.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Ibnu Hajar || Abd. Azis Muthalib || Ahmad Mukhlis Nuriadi || Edi Hamka || Sukarta || Muh. Nur || Mahmudin A.Sabilalo},
    title = {Strategy Development of Fishery Business in The Coastal Area Bone Bay Southeast Sulawesi Province},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {26-34},
    month = {October}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     69048
    Paper Title :: Seaweed Business Conditions And Marketing Channels in Coastal District of Southeast Sulawesi
    Author Name :: Abd Azis Muthalib || Asrip Putra || Ahmad Muhlis Nuryadi || Muhammad Nur Afiat
    Page Number :: 35-41
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610013541   

    This study was conducted in the coastal area of Southeast Sulawesi with the aim of: (1) To know the condition of seaweed business in coastal area of Southeast Sulawesi; (2) Knowing seaweed marketing channel in coastal area of Southeast Sulawesi. The populations of this study are all business actors (fishermen / farmers) of seaweed in coastal area of Southeast Sulawesi. Given the limited time and financing of this study conducted a sample on some districts that are considered to represent or represent the characteristics of the existing population. The type of data to be used in this study was primary data obtained from the respondents by using questionnaires. The analytical method used descriptive analysis..........

    Keywords - Seaweed business and marketing channel.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Abd Azis Muthalib || Asrip Putra || Ahmad Muhlis Nuryadi || Muhammad Nur Afiat},
    title = {Seaweed Business Conditions And Marketing Channels in Coastal District of Southeast Sulawesi},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {35-41},
    month = {October}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     69050
    Paper Title :: Procurement System from Past to Present in Turkey: A Comparison for the Construction Works
    Author Name :: Savas Bayram
    Page Number :: 42-51
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610014251   

    This study is an attempt to investigate the procurement system processes in Turkey based on construction works. There are two pioneering legislative regulations have been made for over thirty years of Turkish procurement system; State Procurement Law, nr. 2886, which was prevailed between the years of 1984 and 2003 (in some cases still prevailed) and Public Procurement Law, nr. 4734, which has been valid since 2003 year. In this context, this study examines, presents and compares the completed public construction building projects procured under these Laws. Time-cost relationships of the public projects, which were procured under different procurement processes, have been individually investigated for both contractual and actual...........

    Keywords - Project duration, public procurement law, state procurement law, time-cost relationship, Turkey.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Savas Bayram},
    title = {Procurement System from Past to Present in Turkey: A Comparison for the Construction Works},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {42-51},
    month = {October}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     69061
    Paper Title :: Analysis of Current Solutions to Water Crisis in China
    Author Name :: Tianxiang Zheng
    Page Number :: 52-55
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610015255   

    This is a research paper specifically touching upon the general solutions to water crisis in China. The analysis of current solutions on prevalent water problem in China, including water diversion to alleviate the water shortage of northern China, water desalinization where seawater is more accessible and plentiful, as well as water treatment by giving different means to purify wastewater, are discussed. By so doing, water scarcity caused by geographical differences in supply and demand in China can partially be solved, and water pollution raised by factories, farmland and coal mines of laying waste to China's water supply can also be reduced.........

    Keywords - water crisis, water desalinization, water diversion, water treatment.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Tianxiang Zheng},
    title = {Analysis of Current Solutions to Water Crisis in China},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {52-55},
    month = {October}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     69035
    Paper Title :: Physicochemical Quality of Sachet and Bottled water consumed in Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education, Owerri, Imo State
    Author Name :: Nwaka, B.U. || Ogueri, E.O. || Usoh, C.I.
    Page Number :: 56-60
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610015660   

    In Nigeria, the production of sachet and bottled water for drinking has been on the increase that few dealers of the products may have been involved in sharp and unlawful practices leading to poor physicochemical water qualities. Temperature, pH, turbidity, total dissolved solids (TDS), electrical conductivity (Ec) of commonly consumed sachet and bottled water in Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education, Owerri, Imo State were determined, using standard analytical procedures. Thirty two (32) water samples comprising of eight (8) samples each from Eva bottled water, Alvana Table bottled water, Izzy sachet water and kechy sachet water were systematically selected in order to ascertain the safety of the drinking water according to World Health Organization, (WHO) and Nigerian Standard for Drinking Water Quality (NSDWQ) standards.........

    Keywords - Physicochemical water quality, WHO, NSDWQ, sachet water, bottle water

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Nwaka, B.U. || Ogueri, E.O. || Usoh, C.I.},
    title = {Physicochemical Quality of Sachet and Bottled water consumed in Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education, Owerri, Imo State},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {56-60},
    month = {October}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     69069
    Paper Title :: Computing Technology in Deep Learning
    Author Name :: Fernando Zacarias Flores || Rosalba Cuapa Canto || Oscar Garcia Pérez
    Page Number :: 61-66
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610016166   

    Currently, teachers are responsible for the students to be knowledgeable about curriculum content and to know how to motivate learning in their learners. However, evidence of student learning at the K–12 level indicates that teachers may need to give more attention to this expectation. In last years the emphasis in both, research and government policy, has been on improving the quality and depth of teaching with a view to enhance learning. This paper combines educational research with instructional technologies to build a Deep and Active Learning Model with three active dimensions (teachers, learners, and technology)..........

    Keywords - Active learning, Deep learning, Challenges, Learner, Mobile Devices, K-12, Games.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Fernando Zacarias Flores || Rosalba Cuapa Canto || Oscar Garcia Pérez},
    title = {Computing Technology in Deep Learning},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {61-66},
    month = {October}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     610001
    Paper Title :: Changes in Observed Air Temperature in Kuwait from 2001 to 2016
    Author Name :: Mr. Zayed Aldaithan
    Page Number :: 67-74
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610016774   

    Industrial Revolution during the 18th century gave rise to increased use of and dependence on fossil fuels. As a result, there is an observed increase in greenhouse gases and aerosols in the atmosphere. According to Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) AR5, average global temperature increased by 0.85°C from 1880 to 2012 (IPCC 37). This warming is pointed out as a result of increased anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions. The Arab region is among the world's most vulnerable to the effects of climate change. The region is challenged by scarce water resources, very low precipitation and extreme events. Very high temperatures were observed recently, together with the increased strength of typhoons, high ocean water temperatures, more frequent heat waves, less but more intense rainfall, prolonged droughts, sea-level rise, more intense cyclones and changing rainfall and temperature patterns (Verner 11).

    Keywords - .......

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Mr. Zayed Aldaithan},
    title = {Changes in Observed Air Temperature in Kuwait from 2001 to 2016},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {67-74},
    month = {October}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     69033
    Paper Title :: A Comparative Study of Open-loop and Closed-loop Control Schemes for Hysteresis in a d33-mode Piezoelectric Actuator
    Author Name :: Shehu Muhammad Auwal || Balogun Wasiu Adebayo || Auwal Shehu Tijjani || Bashir Bala Muhammad || Adisa Kehinde Olayinka || Kadiri Ibrahim
    Page Number :: 75-86
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610017586   

    High speed of response, large generated force, high precision and ultra-low power consumption are some of the advantages why piezoelectric actuators are widely used in modern car fuel injectors, in automated sperm injection systems, cell surgery, nanorobotics and etc. However, hysteresis nonlinearity in piezoelectric actuators affects precision of the actuators, and hence, it limits the maximum benefits that can be achieved using PEA. In this paper, we propose an experimental process that can be used to capture hysteresis nonlinearity in piezoelectric actuator. Hysteresis minimization by using PID based feedback control and Inverse multiplicative techniques have been investigated. The performances of the different minimization techniques for level of hysteresis minimization were investigated based on integral absolute error (IAE)..........

    Keywords - Bouc-Wen model, hysteresis, image processing, optimization, inverse model, PID, piezoelectric actuator, system identification.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Shehu Muhammad Auwal || Balogun Wasiu Adebayo || Auwal Shehu Tijjani || Bashir Bala Muhammad || Adisa Kehinde Olayinka || Kadiri Ibrahim},
    title = {A Comparative Study of Open-loop and Closed-loop Control Schemes for Hysteresis in a d33-mode Piezoelectric Actuator},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {75-86},
    month = {October}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     69040
    Paper Title :: Removalof Lead (II) Ion onto Unmodified and HDTMA-Br Modified Kaolinite Clay: Equilibrium, Isotherm and Kinetic Studies
    Author Name :: Aroke U. O. || Onatola-Morakinyo S. || Ochimana I. E.and4Alhassan A. S.
    Page Number :: 87-95
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610018795   

    The removal of harmful substances such as Lead (Pb) from wastewaters using locally available resources is essential to the environment and in promoting indigenous technology. This study investigated the development of organically modifiedclay from Alkaleri in North Eastern Nigeria for wastewater treatment containing Lead (II) ion. The batch adsorption of Pb2+ in aqueous solutions onto hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (HDTMA-Br) bilayer modified clay (BMC), monolayer modified clay (MMC) and unmodified kaolinite clay (UKC) was studied at constant pH of 3 and stirring speed of 400 rpm. The results obtained showed the removal efficiencies of Pb2+ by BMC, MMC and UKC from the contaminated wastewater as 99.68%, 69.22%, and 34.70% respectively. The maximum adsorption capacity of Pb2+ contaminant onto BMC, MMC and UKC were 9.9681 mg/g, 6.9217 mg/g and 3.4700 mg/g at 180 minutes respectively.........

    Keywords - Contaminant, HDTMA-Br, Isotherms, Kaolinite clay, Kinetics.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Aroke U. O. || Onatola-Morakinyo S. || Ochimana I. E.and4Alhassan A. S.},
    title = {Removalof Lead (II) Ion onto Unmodified and HDTMA-Br Modified Kaolinite Clay: Equilibrium, Isotherm and Kinetic Studies},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {87-95},
    month = {October}
    }
    Volume 6 || Issue 10 || Version-2 October- 2017
    Paper Id ::
     610004
    Paper Title :: Lithofacies Analysis and Depositional Environments of the Waz Fields, Niger Delta, Nigeria
    Author Name :: Osayande, O. W. || Okengwu, K. O.
    Page Number :: 01-09
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610020109  

    Lithofacies analysisservesas a viable means of reconstructing the depositional environments of sedimentary bodies. Through core descriptions of the reservoir sand bodies, nine lithofacies types have been identified, namely: Fineto Medium GrainedSandstone Facies (FMS), Cross-bedded Fine to Medium Grained Sandstone Facies (CFMS), Sandy Heterolithic SandstoneFacies(SHS), Muddy Heterolithic SandstoneFacies(MHS), Mudstone Facies (MF), Medium to Coarse Grained Sandstone Facies (MCS), Bioturbated Fine to Medium Grained Sandstone (BFMS) and Coarse to Pebbly Grained Sandstone (CPS). Four types of facies associations (shoreface, channel deposits, braided bars and shelfalmuds) were inferred. The ichnofossils present were a preponderance of Ophiomorpha and Skolithos; occurring sparingly were the Planolites and Paleophycus.

    Keywords - Facies, Ichnofacies, Heterolithic, Lithofacies

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Osayande, O. W. || Okengwu, K. O.},
    title = {Lithofacies Analysis and Depositional Environments of the Waz Fields, Niger Delta, Nigeria},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {01-09},
    month = {October}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     610012
    Paper Title :: Sizing And Economic Assessment Of Photovoltaic And Diesel Generator For Rural Nigeria
    Author Name :: U. J. Abaka || I. E. Kucha || T. B. Ibraheem || H. Iortyer
    Page Number :: 10-17
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610021017   

    Sizing and economic assessment of solar photovoltaic (PV) and diesel power generators for Igu village in Bwari, FCT-Abuja was carried out. Load survey of the site was carried out in order to get the actual solar radiation (using full PV, HT ITALIA 2010 analyzer), village load requirement and other sundry data (using structured questionnaire). An off-grid solar PV design was done for the village. Life cycle cost analysis was used to assess the economic viability of the PV and generating systems respectively using Music Macro Language (MML) to allow for the calculation and comparison of the levelised costs of electricity generation for the two systems............

    Keywords - Photovoltaic, diesel, assessment, economic, sizing.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {U. J. Abaka || I. E. Kucha || T. B. Ibraheem || H. Iortyer},
    title = {Sizing And Economic Assessment Of Photovoltaic And Diesel Generator For Rural Nigeria},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {10-17},
    month = {October}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     610019
    Paper Title :: Railway Systems Development Based on the Concept of Systems Engineering and Safety: A Case Study of Railway Industry Practices
    Author Name :: Young-Goo Baek || Jae C. Lee
    Page Number :: 18-29
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610021829   

    A railway system has been regarded as a means of safe and reliable transportation of human being and goods. However, as the running speed of the trains gets up and the mode of operation tends to be unattended, handling the complexity of the development together with safety assurance becomes a crucial issue. For this reason, systems engineering (SE)-based development of railway systems turned out to be a good candidate approach. As such, numerous attempts to accommodate SE knowledge have been made in Korea and abroad. SE activities have been forced to be performed in Light Rapid Transit projects in Korea. However, due to the lack of understanding of SE process or sometimes misunderstanding among various stakeholders of the railway systems, SE has not been applied properly..............

    Keywords - Railway Systems Development, Requirements Management, Safety, Systems Engineering, Verification and Validation.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Young-Goo Baek || Jae C. Lee},
    title = {Railway Systems Development Based on the Concept of Systems Engineering and Safety: A Case Study of Railway Industry Practices},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {18-29},
    month = {October}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     610006
    Paper Title :: Spectroscopic Properties of Eu3+ Doped in Yttrium Zinc Lithium
    Bismuth Borate Glasses
    Author Name :: S.L.Meena
    Page Number :: 30-36
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610023036   

    Glass sample of Yttrium Zinc Lithium Bismuth Borate (20-x) Bi2O3:15Li2O:15ZnO:10Y2O3:40 B2O3: x Eu2O3. (where x=1,1.5,2 mol%) have been prepared by melt-quenching technique. The amorphous nature of the prepared glass samples was confirmed by X-ray diffraction. The absorption spectra of three Eu3+ doped yttrium zinc lithium bismuth borate glasses have been recorded at room temperature. The various interaction parameters like Slater-Condon parameters FK (k=2,4,6), Lande' parameter (ξ4f), nephelauexetic ratio (β'), bonding parameter
    (b1/2) and Racah parameters EK (k=1,2 3) have been computed. Judd-Ofelt intensity parameters and laser parameters have also been calculated. The large stimulated emission cross-section in bismuth borate glasses suggests the possibility of utilizing these systems as laser materials.

    Keywords -Yttrium Zinc lithium bismuth borate glasses, Energy interaction parameters, Optical properties, Judd-Ofelt analysis.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {S.L.Meena},
    title = {Spectroscopic Properties of Eu3+ Doped in Yttrium Zinc Lithium Bismuth Borate Glasses},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {30-36},
    month = {October}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     610009
    Paper Title :: Characterisation of Galvanic Sludge from Hot Dip Galvanising
    Process for Metal Surface Treatment
    Author Name :: Bala I. Abdulkarim || Mohd A. Abu-Hassan || Raja R.K. Ibrahim || Muhammad. A. A. Zaini || Abubakar M. Ali || Ali S. Hussein || Sheila M. Su || MuhdAzril I. Mohd Halim
    Page Number :: 37-40
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610023740   

    Galvanic sludge is generated from Hot Dip Galvanizing (HDG)process during metal surface treatment. The sludge is a heavy metal laden waste that require efficient treatment to meet up with increasingly stringent environmental regulation, but this cannot be achieved without proper investigation into the properties of the sludge. This research work characterised galvanic sludge from KISWIRE Sdn Bhd so as to determine the physiochemical and other relevant properties of the sludge prior to treatment in a direct current transfer arc low thermal plasma. The characterisation is required to determine the extent of treatment using thermal plasma technique. The result of proximate analysis reveals the galvanic sludge to have 67.055%, 11.485% 19.30%, and 2.16% (as air dry basis) of moisture content, volatile matter, ash content andfixed carbon respectively..............

    Keywords - Galvanic Sludge, MoistureContent, Heavy Metals, Ultimate Analysis.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Bala I. Abdulkarim || Mohd A. Abu-Hassan || Raja R.K. Ibrahim || Muhammad. A. A. Zaini || Abubakar M. Ali || Ali S. Hussein || Sheila M. Su || MuhdAzril I. Mohd Halim},
    title = {Characterisation of Galvanic Sludge from Hot Dip Galvanising Process for Metal Surface Treatment},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {37-40},
    month = {October}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     610018
    Paper Title :: Coupling HYDRUS and MODFLOW for studying Environmental Impact of Wastewater Ponds in Tenth of Ramadan City, Egypt
    Author Name :: R. Hussien || K.Hagagg || A.M. El-Aassar
    Page Number :: 41-54
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610024154   

    Pollution from Industrial waste has become an increasingly serious problem in the developing countries, by posing harm to the human being health and the environment. 10th of Ramadan city considered the first industrial city established in Egypt, all types of wastewater discharged into the oxidation ponds for further treatment. This paper aims at evaluating the impact of the oxidation bonds on the groundwater system in this city, through coupling HYDRUS and MODFLOW for studying contaminates transport in both the unsaturated and saturated zone. The contamination degree of the 15 water samples collected from the wastewater of the oxidation ponds and groundwater wells revealed that both of them are highly contaminated with heavy metals...............

    Keywords - Industrial waste, Pollution, Environmental Impact, HYDRUS-1D, MODFLOW-3D.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {R. Hussien || K.Hagagg || A.M. El-Aassar},
    title = {Coupling HYDRUS and MODFLOW for studying Environmental Impact of Wastewater Ponds in Tenth of Ramadan City, Egypt},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {41-54},
    month = {October}
    }