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    Volume 6 || Issue 2 || Version-I February- 2017
    Paper Id ::
     61019
    Paper Title :: An Analysis on the Sanitation Condition and Suitable Measures to Achieve the Goal, A Case Study on Bankura District, West Bengal
    Author Name :: Sujit Maji || Soumik Halder
    Page Number :: 01-05
    Paper Index :: 09.1913/xxxxxxxx

    Bankura district is one of the backward districts of West Bengal in respect of sanitation. Here this article mainly dealing with the block wise sanitation status of Bankura district. Here, a sharp difference is found in development of sanitation among the blocks of Bankura. To find out the level of development in sanitation, Simple Composite Index (SCI) method has been employed and on the basis of this a zonation map has been prepared. The highest SCI value has found in Kotulpur block (5.03) and the lowest value has found in Ranibandh block (1.75).These values indicating the clear differences of sanitation coverage among the blocks. Out of 22 blocks 13 blocks have been identified as poor in respect of sanitation coverage............

    Keywords - JE, MNB, S.C.I, CLTS, SLWM

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Sujit Maji || Soumik Halder},
    title = {An Analysis on the Sanitation Condition and Suitable Measures to Achieve the Goal, A Case Study on Bankura District, West Bengal},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {2},
    pages = {01-05},
    month = {February}
    }
    Paper Id ::
    61058
    Paper Title :: Practical Guides on Programming with Big Number Library in
    Scientific Researches
    Author Name :: Jianhui LI || Xingbo WANG
    Page Number :: 06-11
    Paper Index :: 09.1913/xxxxxxxx

    This article demonstrates some practical skills in programming with GMP and MPFR big number libraries according to the traits of big numbers and C/C++ programming conventions. It points out that, the conditional expressions, the incremental treatment, the loops together with their stops, and the pointer arguments are critical issues in C/C++ programming with the big number libraries. By exhibiting certain guidance and demonstration, the article summarizes a framework to the program that treats big number computations and presents a sample as well as numerical experiments to factorize big odd composite number.

    Keywords - Big number computation, GMP library, C/C++ programming, Integer factorization..

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Jianhui LI || Xingbo WANG},
    title = {Practical Guides on Programming with Big Number Library in Scientific Researches},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {2},
    pages = {06-11},
    month = {February}
    }
    Paper Id ::
    61043
    Paper Title :: Fitness for Service Assessment of Ageing Pressure Vessel Experiencing External Corrosion: A Case Study
    Author Name :: Enefola S. Ameh
    Page Number :: 12-16
    Paper Index :: 09.1913/xxxxxxxx

    The aim of the present study was to establish integrity of pressurized vessel belonging to Shell Petroleum Development Company in Nigeria that experienced severe external corrosion. Fitness for service methodology according to API 579 using Level 1 and 2 was employed in the analysis of the ageing pressure vessel and the result of the evaluation indicated the external localized corrosion defect was within an acceptable boundary which implied the pressurized vessel was fit to continue in operation and still have 40 years remaining life based on the evaluated external corrosion defect present. .

    Keywords -Corrosion, Fitness for service, Pressure vessel.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Enefola S. Ameh},
    title = {Fitness for Service Assessment of Ageing Pressure Vessel Experiencing External Corrosion: A Case Study},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {2},
    pages = {12-16},
    month = {February}
    }
    Paper Id ::
    511029
    Paper Title :: Equilibrium and Kinetics Adsorption of Cadmium and Lead Ions from Aqueous Solution Using Bamboo Based Activated Carbon
    Author Name :: Udeh, N.U || Agunwamba, J.C
    Page Number :: 17-26
    Paper Index :: 09.1913/xxxxxxxx

    Sourcing cheap adsorbents for the treatment of waste water is imperative for local environments. The adsorption of cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) from aqueous solution onto bamboo activated carbon prepared by chemical activation with ZnCl2 was investigated. The unwashed chemical activated bamboo carbon (UCABC) achieved up to 87.81% and 96.45% removal of Cd and Pb at pH-5 and 11, respectively. Removal equilibrium was attained within 1hr and 2.5hrs for Cd and Pb, respectively. The Cd and Pb adsorption increased with adsorbent dosage decrease while removal rate (%) increased with Cd and Pb concentration. Adsorption isotherm of Cd and Pb onto UCABC was determined and correlated..........

    Keywords -Adsorbents, Bamboo activated carbon, Adsorption, Isotherms, Kinetics.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Udeh, N.U || Agunwamba, J.C},
    title = {Equilibrium and Kinetics Adsorption of Cadmium and Lead Ions from Aqueous Solution Using Bamboo Based Activated Carbon},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {2},
    pages = {17-26},
    month = {February}
    }
    Paper Id ::
    511040
    Paper Title :: Influence of the Corneal Collagen Cross-linking on Levels of Il-1b, Il-6, Il-10 and MMP-2 in the Tear film of Patients with Keratoconus
    Author Name :: MD. Karol Krycia || Asst Prof. Dorota Wyględowska-Promieńska || MD. Łukasz Kulesza || PhD. Piotr Gościniewicz || PhD. Łukasz Drzyzga || MD. Agata Niedzielska-Krycia || PhD. Tomasz Wilczyński || MD. Krzysztof Maria Wilczyński
    Page Number :: 27-34
    Paper Index :: 09.1913/xxxxxxxx

    Aim of the study: Evaluation of influence of the corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) on concentrations of selected cytokines and metalloproteinase 2 in a tear film. Prospective study with a control group. Methods: 31 eyes of 31 patients, with confirmed KC, were qualified into the study and underwent a collagen cross linking procedure. Samples of tear film (100μl) were collected after 6 weeks from the procedure using spongostan sticks. After centrifugation, the acquired material was tested using high sensitivity ELISA...........

    Keywords - .............

    @article{key:article,
    author = {MD. Karol Krycia || Asst Prof. Dorota Wyględowska-Promieńska || MD. Łukasz Kulesza || PhD. Piotr Gościniewicz || PhD. Łukasz Drzyzga || MD. Agata Niedzielska-Krycia || PhD. Tomasz Wilczyński || MD. Krzysztof Maria Wilczyński},
    title = {Influence of the Corneal Collagen Cross-linking on Levels of Il-1b, Il-6, Il-10 and MMP-2 in the Tear film of Patients with Keratoconus},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {2},
    pages = {27-34},
    month = {February}
    }
    Paper Id ::
    61062
    Paper Title :: The Vibration Impact on the Surface Roughness Which are Made for Ck35 Steel During the Turning Process
    Author Name :: Latifi Ahmet || Abazi Arsim || Ibishi Ismet || Shartari Astrit
    Page Number :: 35-39
    Paper Index :: 09.1913/xxxxxxxx

    The vibrations have negative impact in the processing process by chip removal because they damage the quality of the processed surface, accelerate the cutting tool and machine wear; they can also lead to the cutting tool destruction or the parts of the machine and reduce the productivity of the cutting process.

    Keywords - Vibrations, turning, machine, cutting tool etc.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Latifi Ahmet || Abazi Arsim || Ibishi Ismet || Shartari Astrit},
    title = {The Vibration Impact on the Surface Roughness Which are Made for Ck35 Steel During the Turning Process},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {2},
    pages = {35-39},
    month = {February}
    }
    Paper Id ::
    62001
    Paper Title :: Optimization of Media and Feeding Strategy for Improved Capsular Polysaccharide Yield for Neisseria meningitidis W-135
    Author Name :: Sujitha Valiya Kambrath || Srinivas R Peddi Reddy || Sambhaji S Pisal || Rajeev M Dhere
    Page Number :: 40-47
    Paper Index :: 09.1913/xxxxxxxx

    Meningococcal serogroup W-135 (MenW-135) has turned out to be the reason for recent outbreak of meningitis in the sub-Saharan regions of Africa including Cameroon, Chad, Gambia, Burkina Faso, and other countries. The capsular polysaccharide (PS) of Neisseria meningitidis serogroups A, C, X, Y, and W-135 are excellent vaccine targets against meningitis caused by this bacterium. This study promotes a novel feed solution including amino acids, vitamins, and glucose along with an optimal fermentation medium; and feeding strategy to cultivate high yield polysaccharide at harvest level...........

    Keywords - Neisseria meningitidis W-135, Capsular polysaccharide, Glucose feed, Fed-batch cultivation, Fermentation parameters

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Sujitha Valiya Kambrath || Srinivas R Peddi Reddy || Sambhaji S Pisal || Rajeev M Dhere},
    title = {Optimization of Media and Feeding Strategy for Improved Capsular Polysaccharide Yield for Neisseria meningitidis W-135},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {2},
    pages = {40-47},
    month = {February}
    }
    Paper Id ::
    61049
    Paper Title :: The Ecological Protection Marxism Idealogy and Its Implications for the New Rural Construction Process in Vietnam
    Author Name :: Shu Yuan Zhao || Pham Huy Thong || Nguyen Thi Thuong || Pham Thanh Trung
    Page Number :: 48-51
    Paper Index :: 09.1913/xxxxxxxx

    Since the 1980s of the 19th century, in "Dialectics of Nature" works, Friedrich Engels wrote: "we should not be too proud of our successes against the natural world. Because every time we achieve a success, the natural world will revenge us". So far Friedrich Engels's warning have still had practical value for the protection of rural environment in Vietnam.

    Keywords - Environment, Marxism, Protection, Rural, Vietnam

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Shu Yuan Zhao || Pham Huy Thong || Nguyen Thi Thuong || Pham Thanh Trung},
    title = {The Ecological Protection Marxism Idealogy and Its Implications for the New Rural Construction Process in Vietnam},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {2},
    pages = {48-51},
    month = {February}
    }
    Paper Id ::
    61057
    Paper Title :: The Effect of Arm Stiffness on the Elasto-Kinematic Properties of Single-Axle Suspension by Using the MBS Simulation Model
    Author Name :: TOMÁŠ VRÁNA || JOSEF BRADÁČ || JAN KOVANDA || HYNEK PURŠ || VOJTĚCH RULC
    Page Number :: 52-61
    Paper Index :: 09.1913/xxxxxxxx

    The paper is focused on the stiffness analysis of the longitudinal arm of single-axle suspension on elasto-kinematic behaviour of the vehicle axle which is highly important when considering the handling characteristics related tovehicle safety.The elasto-kinematic behaviour of the axle determines the course of the geometrical parameters of wheel suspension, the toe angle and camber as the function of wheel movement during force loading. This paper presents the complex MBS (Multi-Body Simulation)model of the wheel suspension with nonlinear characteristics of rubber-metal bushings. The model also comprises force elements such as springs, shock absorbers, stops and the transverse stabilizer.............

    Keywords - Wheel axle;flexible arm;nonlinear simulation model;single-axle suspension;wheel geometrical parameters

    @article{key:article,
    author = {TOMÁŠ VRÁNA || JOSEF BRADÁČ || JAN KOVANDA || HYNEK PURŠ || VOJTĚCH RULC},
    title = {The Effect of Arm Stiffness on the Elasto-Kinematic Properties of Single-Axle Suspension by Using the MBS Simulation Model},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {2},
    pages = {52-61},
    month = {February}
    }
    Paper Id ::
    62010
    Paper Title :: Production of CH4 and C2 hydrocarbons by axial and radial pulse H2/CO2 discharges with Ni catalysis
    Author Name :: Fumiaki Sato || Satoru Iizuka
    Page Number :: 62-68
    Paper Index :: 09.1913/xxxxxxxx

    Production of methane CH4 from a mixture gas of carbon dioxide CO2 and hydrogen H2 has been established by two types of pulse discharges. One is an axial discharge with a use of thin pair Ni wire electrodes separated by a narrow gap, and the other is a coaxially radial discharge with a use of inner rod and outer tube electrodes made of stainless steel (SUS). The former provides an intense gap discharge, while the latter provides a gentle discharge in the annular region. Decomposition of CO2 is enhanced in the former case when Ni (nickel) mesh disc electrode is placed behind the gap. Ni is known as catalysis..............

    Keywords - Carbon dioxide, methane, hydrogen plasma, pulse discharge, Ni catalysis, 2C hydrocarbons.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Fumiaki Sato || Satoru Iizuka},
    title = {Production of CH4 and C2 hydrocarbons by axial and radial pulse H2/CO2 discharges with Ni catalysis},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {2},
    pages = {62-68},
    month = {February}
    }