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    Volume 5 || Issue 12 || Version-I December- 2016
    Paper Id ::
     511055
    Paper Title :: Diabetic Foot Neuropathy Monitoring System
    Author Name :: Sahana H R || Shivani S U || Pallavi Badiger || Bindu B.J || Nagendra G L || SUDHA .H
    Page Number :: 01-06
    Paper Index :: 09.1913/xxxxxxxx

    In today's world, the use of sensor technology to make portable devices can help patients in detecting or monitoring diseases. One such problem is the onset of foot ulcers in diabetic patients. Diabetes often leads to improper circulation of blood to a person's feet, which results in diabetic foot ulcers. This leads to gangrene formation and loss of sensation in the patient's foot. If ignored, leads to lower leg amputation. The proposed system is a device which is developed and evaluated to identify the patients who are likely to develop diabetic foot ulcers at an early stage. This is accomplished by fixing pressure sensors in five pressure points of the foot. The foot pressure readings are converted into corresponding voltage output by the sensor. These voltage readings are amplified using an amplification unit. The voltage data are read using a data acquisition device. The output of the device decides whether the person has the probability to develop diabetic foot ulcer or not

    Keywords - Diabetic Foot Ulcers, Proposed System, Arduino Uno, Piezoelectric Transducer, GSM Board and GSM AT Command Set

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Sahana H R || Shivani S U || Pallavi Badiger || Bindu B.J || Nagendra G L || SUDHA .H},
    title = {Diabetic Foot Neuropathy Monitoring System},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2016},
    volume = {5},
    number = {12},
    pages = {01-06},
    month = {December}
    }
    Paper Id ::
    59012
    Paper Title :: The Impediments of Knowledge Management
    Author Name :: Dr. Chipo Mutongi || Kudzayi Chiwanza
    Page Number :: 07-12
    Paper Index :: 09.1913/xxxxxxxx

    Knowledge management is much talked about concept in this era but there are some impediments in its management. Though there is much heat regarding knowledge management, there is less light. When some others hear the concepts information and knowledge management, what comes in their minds are computers yet computers are only enablers There is much confusion in information and knowledge management.. Confusion also exists on the differences between information and knowledge management. There are half life, threat to specialist and mobility as impediments in knowledge management

    Keywords -Knowledge information, knowledge management, information management, explicit knowledge, tacit knowledge, information overload, information literacy, Information and Communication Technology, engineering.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Dr. Chipo Mutongi || Kudzayi Chiwanza},
    title = {The Impediments of Knowledge Management},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2016},
    volume = {5},
    number = {12},
    pages = {07-12},
    month = {December}
    }
    Paper Id ::
    511042
    Paper Title :: High Rate of Water Biodenitrification Using Anthracite as Hyphomicrobium Denitrificans Carriers
    Author Name :: Maryam Khakbaz Varkani || Mohsen Nosrati || Seyed Abbas Shojaossadati
    Page Number :: 13-22
    Paper Index :: 09.1913/xxxxxxxx

    Pure culture of Hyphomicrobium denitrificans DSM 1869 was immobilized on anthracite and utilized for biological denitrification in 50-ml flasks employing methanol and acetic acid as carbon source. The results demonstrate that acetic acid was a suitable carbon source for H. denitrificans to remove high nitrate concentrations. The maximum denitrification rate was 233.1 mg NO3-N/g MLSS.h and the highest NO3-N removal efficiency was obtained when using C/N ratio of 4.0 and acetic acid as the carbon source. C/N ratio can significantly affect denitrification in different operational conditions.................

    Keywords -Hyphomicrobium denitrificans DSM 1869, C/N ratio, Carbon source, Immobilized cells, Anthracite

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Maryam Khakbaz Varkani || Mohsen Nosrati || Seyed Abbas Shojaossadati},
    title = {High Rate of Water Biodenitrification Using Anthracite as Hyphomicrobium Denitrificans Carriers},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2016},
    volume = {5},
    number = {12},
    pages = {13-22},
    month = {December}
    }
    Paper Id ::
    511058
    Paper Title :: Research and Development the Adaptive Control Model Using the Spectrometer Detector
    Author Name :: Victoria Golubova || Igors Uteshevs
    Page Number :: 23-31
    Paper Index :: 09.1913/xxxxxxxx

    In this paper there are consider the automatic adaptive control system, selected adaptive control system with the standard model.The mathematical model of adaptive control system with the etalon-model is developed. Constructed and researched mathematical model of adaptive system with a reference model using MathLab Simulink software.There are researched adaptive control system responds to various external influences

    Keywords -Adaptive control system, etalon-model, automation control system.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Victoria Golubova || Igors Uteshevs},
    title = {Research and Development the Adaptive Control Model Using the Spectrometer Detector},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2016},
    volume = {5},
    number = {12},
    pages = {23-31},
    month = {December}
    }
    Paper Id ::
    511060
    Paper Title :: Evaluation of the Influence of the Welding Current on the Surface Quality of Spot Welds
    Author Name :: Ľuboš Kaščák || Emil Spišák
    Page Number :: 32-37
    Paper Index :: 09.1913/xxxxxxxx

    Welding is a metallurgical process; all aspects of a welding process can be more or less, related to metallurgy of the materials involved in welding,either base metal or electrodes. It is a rapid joining technique extensively used for joining thin assemblies in military and automotive applications. The resistance spot welding process bonds contacting metal surfaces via the heat obtained from resistance to an electrical current flow.Process parameters like welding current, time and pressure are closely controlled to obtain superior weld quality. Welding current is generally considered as a key factor affecting the weld quality......

    Keywords -Resistance spot welding, welding current, surface quality.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Ľuboš Kaščák || Emil Spišák},
    title = {Evaluation of the Influence of the Welding Current on the Surface Quality of Spot Welds},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2016},
    volume = {5},
    number = {12},
    pages = {32-37},
    month = {December}
    }
    Paper Id ::
    511061
    Paper Title :: Getting Electric Power For Piezoelectricity
    Author Name :: Yoram Astudillo-Baza || Manuel Alejandro López Zepeda || Manuel Torres Sabino
    Page Number :: 38- 43
    Paper Index :: 09.1913/xxxxxxxx

    This work presents the design and the implementation of a floor tile piezoelectric to obtain electric power and to feed a system of low power. To obtain the electric power across the floor tile, it is necessary to know the phenomenon called the piezoelectric effect, which is used as way that produces the electric power to a material ceramic call PZT-4 that operates as a generator, which produces the electric power for the application of mechanical energy to the material, that is to say, on having deformed the material piezoelectric for the mechanical action this one generates electric power

    Keywords -Electric Power, Piezoelectricity, Piezoelectric Effect, Ceramic PZT-4, Floor Tile.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Yoram Astudillo-Baza || Manuel Alejandro López Zepeda || Manuel Torres Sabino},
    title = {Getting Electric Power For Piezoelectricity},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2016},
    volume = {5},
    number = {12},
    pages = {38- 43},
    month = {December}
    }
    Paper Id ::
    511062
    Paper Title :: Metric Projections to Identify Critical Points in Electric Power Systems
    Author Name :: Manuel Alejandro López Zepeda || Yoram Astudillo-Baza || Manuel Torres Sabino
    Page Number :: 44-50
    Paper Index :: 09.1913/xxxxxxxx

    The identification of weak nodes and branches involved have been analyzed with different technical of analysis as: sensitivities, modal and of the singular minimum value, applying the Jacobian matrix of load flows. We show up a metric projections application to identify weak nodes and branches with more participation in the electric power system.

    Keywords -Metric projections, Jacobian matrix, critical points, load flows, electric power system.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Manuel Alejandro López Zepeda || Yoram Astudillo-Baza || Manuel Torres Sabino},
    title = {Metric Projections to Identify Critical Points in Electric Power Systems},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2016},
    volume = {5},
    number = {12},
    pages = {44-50},
    month = {December}
    }
    Paper Id ::
    511065
    Paper Title :: Getting of Electric Power for Pyroelectricity
    Author Name :: Yoram Astudillo-Baza || Manuel Torres Sabino || Manuel Alejandro López Zepeda
    Page Number :: 51-54
    Paper Index :: 09.1913/xxxxxxxx

    This work presents a technique to produce electrical energy, this technique is called pyroelectricity. In order to produce the electric energy through pyroelectricity, it is necessary to know the electrocaloric phenomenon called pyroelectric effect, which uses as a medium that produces the electric energy to a material called ceramics PZT-4 that acts as a pyroelectric generator, used by its temperature of critical use and by its operating temperature

    Keywords -Electric Power, Pyroelectricity, Pyroelectric Effect, Ceramics PZT-4.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Yoram Astudillo-Baza || Manuel Torres Sabino || Manuel Alejandro López Zepeda},
    title = {Getting of Electric Power for Pyroelectricity},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2016},
    volume = {5},
    number = {12},
    pages = {51-54},
    month = {December}
    }
    Paper Id ::
    511064
    Paper Title :: Development of Automated Solar Watering System
    Author Name :: S. Amardas || R. A. Rahim
    Page Number :: 55-62
    Paper Index :: 09.1913/xxxxxxxx

    The main purpose of this project is to develop a Solar Watering System capable of performing irrigation or watering task automatically and is powered by Photovoltaic (PV) panels. A moisture sensor in the soil is used to check the need for irrigation in order to operate a pump powered by the PV system and lead acid battery. In addition to the input from moisture sensor, Timer function within the PIC18F4550 was also applied to prevent watering to many times per day. This ensures that the crop or plant in the field will not have growth problems due to overwatering. In order to increase energy harvesting from the sun radiation, sun tracker in the form of single axis was designed.......

    Keywords -Solar Watering, Photovoltaic, Programmable Interface Controller, Light Dependent Resistor, Solar tracker.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {S. Amardas || R. A. Rahim1},
    title = {Development of Automated Solar Watering System},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2016},
    volume = {5},
    number = {12},
    pages = {55-62},
    month = {December}
    }
    Paper Id ::
    512005
    Paper Title :: Managing Quality through Records Management in Open and Distance Leaning Institutions
    Author Name :: Kudzayi Chiwanza || Dr. Chipo Mutongi
    Page Number :: 63-70
    Paper Index :: 09.1913/xxxxxxxx

    An Open and Distance Learning (ODL) institution should use an effective and efficient records management system to maintain quality. ODL has become the most favoured mode of learning worldwide. This has resulted in the generation of a lot of records which need to be managed according to the theories and principles of records management. The purpose of this study therefore, was to assess the applicability of records management theories to ODL institutions in dealing with an increased amount of information resulting from an increased enrolment of students. The study suggests the strategies that can be employed by ODL institutions to safeguard their corporate memory........

    Keywords -Record, records management, quality, quality assurance.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Kudzayi Chiwanza || Dr. Chipo Mutongi},
    title = {Managing Quality through Records Management in Open and Distance Leaning Institutions},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2016},
    volume = {5},
    number = {12},
    pages = {63-70},
    month = {December}
    }
    Paper Id ::
    512030
    Paper Title :: Nonlinear State Space Modeling and Control of a Shape Memory Alloy Spring Actuator
    Author Name :: Reza Abiri || Iman Kardan ||Reza Nadafi ||Mansour Kabganian
    Page Number :: 71-83
    Paper Index :: 09.1913/xxxxxxxx

    In this paper, a new state-space model is developed for shape memory alloy (SMA) springs which remarkably captures their nonlinear behavior during phase transformation. The validity of the proposed model is verified by multiple open-loop experimental tests. This state-space model is then used to develop a model-based controller which adjusts the force exerted by the spring using actuating voltage in order to achieve the desired values of input force reference. It will be shown that in spite of nonlinearity of the model and hysteresis phenomenon, the perfect tracking is possible when the frequency of the input force reference is low. However, in high-frequency of input force reference, the perfect tracking is not guaranteed.

    Keywords -Micro Actuator, Shape Memory Alloy, SMA Spring, Force Control, Feedback Linearization

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Reza Abiri || Iman Kardan || Reza Nadafi || Mansour Kabganian},
    title = {Nonlinear State Space Modeling and Control of a Shape Memory Alloy Spring Actuator},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2016},
    volume = {5},
    number = {12},
    pages = {71-83},
    month = {December}
    }
    Paper Id ::
    510010
    Paper Title :: Prospects of Tar Sand in Nigeria Energy Mix
    Author Name :: Dr. Francis, I. Nweke
    Page Number :: 84-89
    Paper Index :: 09.1913/xxxxxxxx

    In ancient times, the Elamites, Chaldeans, Akkadians, and Sumerians mined shallow deposits of asphalt, or bitumen occurring in tar sand for their own use. Mesopotamian bitumen was exported to Egypt where it was employed for various purposes, including the preservation of mummies. Tar sand had many other uses in the ancient world. It was mixed with sand and fibrous materials for use in the construction of watercourses and levees and as mortar for bricks........

    Keywords -Tar-sand, Oil sands, Bitumen, Heavy hydrocarbon, Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage (SAGD), Western Part of Nigeria.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Dr. Francis, I. Nweke},
    title = {Prospects of Tar Sand in Nigeria Energy Mix},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2016},
    volume = {5},
    number = {12},
    pages = {84-89},
    month = {December}
    }
    Paper Id ::
    512027
    Paper Title :: A Novel Idea on Semi-Automated Operation Theatre Assistance for Doctors Based on Robotic Technology
    Author Name :: P.Mohan Kumar || S.Sriram
    Page Number :: 90-92
    Paper Index :: 09.1913/xxxxxxxx

    The idea of this article is to develop a robotic assistant for handling surgical instruments in Operation Theatres. Hence it is possible to minimize human intervention in turn the risk of contamination and the probability of human error. The robotic system principally has three functional parts : locomotion controlled by Bluetooth from an android device; rotatory array of medical instruments governed by a stepper motor that functions over a voice input and a robotic arm made of Gripper motor controlled remotely

    Keywords -Operation theater, Robotic assistant, locomotion, voice recognition,Bluetooth, android.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {P.Mohan Kumar || S.Sriram},
    title = {A Novel Idea on Semi-Automated Operation Theatre Assistance for Doctors Based on Robotic Technology},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2016},
    volume = {5},
    number = {12},
    pages = {90-92},
    month = {December}
    }
    Paper Id ::
    512029
    Paper Title :: Development of the Saver Irrigation in the Northwest of the Algeria: the Case of the Tlemcen Department
    Author Name :: FECIH Abla || HABI Mohammed || MORSLI Boutkhil
    Page Number :: 93-98
    Paper Index :: 09.1913/xxxxxxxx

    Algeria has a limited water resource, irregular and very unevenly distributed. With the exception of fossil water of the Sahara, natural water resources are mainly located in the North of the country. The share taken by the drinking water supply has increased significantly in volume and proportion and therefore the share of the water used for irrigation has dropped. Despite this reduction, the agricultural sector remains the largest consumer of the water. During the last five years -and in order to promote agriculture and sustainable development as well as managingbetter the water of the irrigation- the focus was on the use of saver irrigation systems. The objective of this study is to investigate the development of this type of irrigation at the level of Tlemcen............

    Keywords -Natural water resources, water-saving irrigationsystems, Tlemcen, MCA.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {FECIH Abla || HABI Mohammed || MORSLI Boutkhil},
    title = {Development of the Saver Irrigation in the Northwest of the Algeria: the Case of the Tlemcen Department},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2016},
    volume = {5},
    number = {12},
    pages = {93-98},
    month = {December}
    }
    Paper Id ::
    512045
    Paper Title :: Removal of organosulfur from Jordanian Oil Shale
    Author Name :: Asmaa Mahmoud Alqurneh
    Page Number :: 99-104
    Paper Index :: 09.1913/xxxxxxxx

    Environmental worries have led the necessity to remove organosulfur-containing compounds from shale oil. The Jordanian oil shale have been retorted, to produce shale oil. The total organosulfur content in the produced shale oil was found to be 10.634%. Adsorption technique was tested to find out the effective in removing organosulfur from the produced shale oil to keep up with the environmental regulation if shale oil can be used in the future as an energy alternative. The adsorption technique depend mainly on varying parameters. Among the varying adsorption parameters were, the ratio of zeolite to shale oil, particle size, height of column and flow rate. The total organosulfur reduction by applying adsorption techniques was slightly influenced............

    Keywords -Adsorption, ,Jordanian , Oil shale, Organosulfur, Removal.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Asmaa Mahmoud Alqurneh},
    title = {Removal of organosulfur from Jordanian Oil Shale},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2016},
    volume = {5},
    number = {12},
    pages = {99-104},
    month = {December}
    }
    Paper Id ::
    511023
    Paper Title :: Factors Affecting the Capacity of Bureaucratic Apparatus in Providing Public Service in Southeast Sulawesi
    Author Name :: Wempy Banga || Rola Pola Anto
    Page Number :: 105-110
    Paper Index :: 09.1913/xxxxxxxx

    The purpose of this study was: (1) to study and analyze the factors influencing bureaucratic apparatus capacity of knowledge, skill, work ethic, and motivation and their separate impact on public service in the province of Southeast Sulawesi. (2) To study and analyze the simultaneous impact of bureaucratic apparatus capacity of knowledge, skill, work ethic and motivation on public service in the province of Southeast Sulawesi. (3) To study and analyze qualitatively whether political factor support or hinder the capacity and professionalism of bureaucratic apparatus in the provision of public service in the province of Southeast Sulawesi...........

    Keywords -Apparatus capacity, governmental bureaucracy, knowledge, skill, work ethic, motivation, political factor, public service

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Wempy Banga || Rola Pola Anto},
    title = {Factors Affecting the Capacity of Bureaucratic Apparatus in Providing Public Service in Southeast Sulawesi},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2016},
    volume = {5},
    number = {12},
    pages = {105-110},
    month = {December}
    }
    Paper Id ::
    512008
    Paper Title :: Dynamic Modeling and Simulation on GE90 Engine
    Author Name :: Shray Benawra || Jiqiang Wang
    Page Number :: 111-119
    Paper Index :: 09.1913/xxxxxxxx

    The paper talks about a better numerical method for predicting on-design performance on a High-Bypass Turbofan engine GE90. A dynamic optimization turbofan engine for GE90 has been designed using MATLAB/Simulink software. Individual components including Ambient, Fan, Low Pressure Compressor (LPC), High Pressure Compressor (HPC), Combustion Chamber, High Pressure Turbine (HPT), Low Pressure Turbine (LPT), Exit Nozzle and Plenum volumes, Makes a combination to identify the performance characteristics of a turbofan engine throughout the flight condition. The specific engine characteristics are matched and adopted through the use of variables from developed a model.........

    Keywords -Dynamic Turbofan; GE90; Design Point; Modeling & Simulation; Performance Cycle Analysis

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Shray Benawra || Jiqiang Wang},
    title = {Dynamic Modeling and Simulation on GE90 Engine},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2016},
    volume = {5},
    number = {12},
    pages = {111-119},
    month = {December}
    }