Series - 1 [February - 2021]

Paper Title :: Seismic Facies and Geomodel as tools to Play and Prospect Evaluation in the Shallow Offshore Niger Delta, Nigeria
Author Name :: Ajaegwu, N.E || Ugwueze, C.U.
Page Number :: 01-14
:: 10.9790/1813-1002010114   

The aim of this work is to integrate seismic facies and geologic model for play assessment and prospect identification. Checkshots, seismic and wireline log data were used for the study. The structural interpretation involved a well–to–seismic tie, faults and horizon mapping on the seismic data, building of isochron, isopach and isochore maps. The seismic facies interpreted include: parallel continuous low to moderate amplitude; wavy continuous low to moderate amplitude; oblique discontinuous low amplitude; high angle oblique continuous; mounded chaotic low amplitude and mounded continuous low amplitude. Well data shows that parallel and wavy continuous facies are associated with channel deposits but possess poor reservoir/seal pair, and may hold little or no hydrocarbons

Keywords - Seismic Facies, Geologic Model, Play and Prospect Evaluation, Shallow Offshore, Niger Delta Basin.

@article{key:article,
author = {Ajaegwu, N.E || Ugwueze, C.U.},
title = {Seismic Facies and Geomodel as tools to Play and Prospect Evaluation in the Shallow Offshore Niger Delta, Nigeria},
journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
year = {2021},
volume = {10},
number = {02},
pages = {01-14},
month = {February}
}
Paper Title :: Industrial Robot and Automation
Author Name :: Pratikkumar R. Hingu || Dhruv N. Panchal
Page Number :: 15-23
:: 10.9790/1813-1002011523   

This research paper focuses mainly on robotics and industrial level automation respect to the mathematical modelling and programming with simulation. Where the accuracy requirement is nearly 100%, the human resources cannot handle the workload and unable to achieve the required accuracy in less time; hence the industrial robots are used. The research paper mainly focused on the industrial robot and automation design and calculation. The advanced mathematical formula, mechanical & electrical component, and the programming language come together to prepare the required industrial robot. The 6-axis robot is a well-known standard robot, which is commonly used by all kinds of MNCs for heavy and accurate work. When selecting a robot properly, it is necessary to consider the different properties of the robot, including how the robot links are connected and controlled at each joint. Next, a thorough evaluation of robotic kinematics, dynamics, and control strategies, together with all the diagnosis of deep neural networks, will describe recent efforts to accelerate the advancement of intelligent control systems for robotic systems.

Keywords - Industrial Automation, Industrial robotics, robot, 6-axis, robots, smart manufacturing, system engineering, mechatronic engineering, robot arm.

@article{key:article,
author = {Pratikkumar R. Hingu || Dhruv N. Panchal},
title = {Industrial Robot and Automation},
journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
year = {2021},
volume = {10},
number = {02},
pages = {15-23},
month = {February}
}
Paper Title :: Investigation of Pozzolanic Action of Biomass Ash from Clean Sawdust on Sandcrete Block
Author Name :: Nwachukwu, A. N. || Ibearugbulem, O. M. || Njoku, K. O. || Amasiatu, O.S. || Israel, V.F.
Page Number :: 24-29
:: 10.9790/1813-1002012429   

This paper presents the investigation of pozzolanic action of ash from clean sawdust biomass. Sawdust biomass was obtained from timber market Owerri. It was cleaned by removing the earth and other impurities. After cleaning the biomass, it was incinerated to ashes inside a clean metallic drum. The ash deposit was collected and sieved using 425 microns sieve to remove coal and unburnt sawdust particles. When this was done, the ash was subjected to physical and chemical tests. Sandcrete blocks were made using sand, cement, water and the ash obtained herein. The ash was used to replace the cement at 5%, 10%, 15%, 20% and 25% levels. A constant water-cement ratio (by mass) of 0.6 was used. Three hollow blocks of 450 x 225 x 225 mm was molded for each mix ratio. The produced sandcrete blocks were cured for 3, 7, 14, 21, 28, 56 and 90 days. Curing was achieved by covering the blocks with a cloth (something like blanket), which was kept moist........

@article{key:article,
author = {Nwachukwu, A. N. || Ibearugbulem, O. M. || Njoku, K. O. || Amasiatu, O.S. || Israel, V.F.},
title = {Investigation of Pozzolanic Action of Biomass Ash from Clean Sawdust on Sandcrete Block},
journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
year = {2021},
volume = {10},
number = {02},
pages = {24-29},
month = {February}
}
Paper Title :: Oxygen Enrichment Device Using Hall Effect
Author Name :: Hak-Soo Kim || Sung-Jun On || Jun-Hyok Lee || Sae-Joong Oh
Page Number :: 30-36
:: 10.9790/1813-1002013036   

A simple oxygen enrichment method was devised. The method use magnetic induction with Lorentz force and Hall effect. Paramagnetic oxygen molecules become subjected to force and are separated from air by the Hall effect. Many variables such as power, gap between electrodes and the number of electrodes affected oxygen separation. The variables were optimized separately through experimental studies. There was optimum number of sets of the electrodes for the oxygen separation although the oxygen concentration increased as the number of sets of electrode plates increased. It seems to be related to the power supplied to each electrode. The oxygen concentrations at the O2-rich outlet also increased as the output voltage to the electrodes increased. The oxygen enrichment was maximized through the device with 3 sets of electrodes and output voltage of 12.5V, showing the possibility of a simple and inexpensive oxygen separation device.

KEYWORDS: oxygen, electric field, magnetic field, Lorentz force, Hall effect

@article{key:article,
author = {Hak-Soo Kim || Sung-Jun On || Jun-Hyok Lee || Sae-Joong Oh},
title = {Oxygen Enrichment Device Using Hall Effect},
journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
year = {2021},
volume = {10},
number = {02},
pages = {30-36},
month = {February}
}
Paper Title :: Extended Spectrum Beta Lactamase Producing E.Coli And Klebsiella Species Isolated From Layer Chicken Farms In Jalingo, Nigeria
Author Name :: Mbah,M.I. || Anyamene C.O.
Page Number :: 37-44
:: 10.9790/1813-1002013744   

This study investigated the extended spectrum beta lactamase(ESBL) producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella species isolated from layer chicken farms. A total of one hundred and fifty six isolates of E.coli and Klebsiella species were tested for beta lactamase production while the betalactamase producing strains were further tested for the ability to secrete ESBL .The antibiotic susceptiblity profile, the plasmid sizes and the curing rates were determined. The results obtained revealed that the occurrence of E.coli,K.pneumoniae and K.oxytoca in the farms were 86.6%,8.9% and 4.5% respectively while the occurrence.........

Keywords - curing,E.coli, ESBL, Layer chickens, Third generation cephalosporins.

@article{key:article,
author = {Mbah,M.I. || Anyamene C.O.},
title = {Extended Spectrum Beta Lactamase Producing E.Coli And Klebsiella Species Isolated From Layer Chicken Farms In Jalingo, Nigeria},
journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
year = {2021},
volume = {10},
number = {02},
pages = {37-44},
month = {February}
}
Paper Title :: Euler's Method For Solving Initial Value Problems In Ordinary Differential Equations
Author Name :: Dr. Pushap Lata Sharma
Page Number :: 45-48
:: 10.9790/1813-1002014548   

Usually, we solve the differential equations in two ways. One is the analytical method and the other is the numerical method. In fact, in many cases, differential equations cannot be solved in an analytical way. Because of this, a numerical method is a powerful tool that helps us solve problems that are impossible or very difficult to solve in analytical ways. This paper presents numerical method (Euler's Method) for solving initial value problems in ordinary differential equations. This methods is the most basic and simplest explicit method to solve the first order ordinary different equations. In this paper, we have proved that decreasing the step size improves the accuracy of Euler's method.

Keywords - Euler's Method, Numerical Method, Explicit Method, Ordinary Different Equations.

@article{key:article,
author = {Dr. Pushap Lata Sharma},
title = {Euler's Method For Solving Initial Value Problems In Ordinary Differential Equations},
journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
year = {2021},
volume = {10},
number = {02},
pages = {45-48},
month = {February}
}
Paper Title :: Evaluation of influence of cutting gap on the quality of the cutting surface when cutting of electrical steel
Author Name :: Vladimír Rohaľ || Emil Spišák || Peter Mulidrán || Janka Majerníková
Page Number :: 49-55
:: 10.9790/1813-1002014955   

This work deals with the evaluation of the influence of cutting gap on the quality of cutting surface in the ways of cutting electrical steel. The theoretical part of this work contains knowledge related to sheet metal cutting technology. In this part we also focused on the problem of electrical steel which is the part of electric motors. The effort to increase the effect of those devices is closely related to the quality of the process of cutting metal contact segments for electric motors. One of the most important parameters of the cutting technology is the cutting gap that has got an essential impact on the formation of the cutting surface, on its shape, on the layout the strip of the cut and on the strengthening of material. The experimental part of this work is focused on the cutting of electrical steel.

KEYWORDS: cutting, cutting gap, cutting surface, electrical steel

@article{key:article,
author = {Vladimír Rohaľ || Emil Spišák || Peter Mulidrán || Janka Majerníková},
title = {Evaluation of influence of cutting gap on the quality of the cutting surface when cutting of electrical steel},
journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
year = {2021},
volume = {10},
number = {02},
pages = {49-55},
month = {February}
}
Paper Title :: Simetrías de Lie y soluciones invariantes para las ecuaciones de Emden-Fowler estándar y Emden-Fowler generalizada
Author Name :: G. Loaiza || Y. Acevedo || O. M. L. Duque
Page Number :: 56-64
:: 10.9790/1813-1002015664   

Con el fin de incentivar hacia la investigación y la innovación didáctica en los diferentes pregrados de matemáticas o licenciaturas afines, se muestran los pasos aplicados para obtener las simetrías de Lie asociadas a dos ecuaciones diferenciales ordinarias. En términos de los parámetros de las ecuaciones de Emden-Fowler estándar y Emden-Fowler generalizada, se establecen condiciones adecuadas que permitan determinar los respectivos grupos de simetrías de Lie y, a partir de ellos, obtener respectivas soluciones invariantes para dichas ecuaciones.

Keywords - Ecuación estándar Emden-Fowler; Ecuación generalizada de Emden-Fowler; Ecuación estándar de Lane-Emden; Ecuación generalizada de Thomas-Fermi; Grupo continuo de simetrías de Lie; Solución invariante.

@article{key:article,
author = {G. Loaiza || Y. Acevedo || O. M. L. Duque},
title = {Simetrías de Lie y soluciones invariantes para las ecuaciones de Emden-Fowler estándar y Emden-Fowler generalizada},
journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
year = {2021},
volume = {10},
number = {02},
pages = {56-64},
month = {February}
}
Paper Title :: Research on Emotional Cognition of Abstract Art Painting in Continuous Flash Suppression
Author Name :: Mei Long || Gao Jianbin || Zhangzhao
Page Number :: 65-70
:: 10.9790/1813-1002016570   

It is a long-term debate about how people perceive the emotional perception of artistic painting. Some artists and theorists claim that certain characteristics of painting, such as color, line, and content, can always express an objective emotion. In this regard, we did three studies; first, we established an abstract art painting data set, including geometrical abstract paintings and expressionist abstract paintings as well as the inverted images of these paintings. We analyzed the observer's four different abstract art paintings. Secondly, I use the continuous flash suppression paradigm to study the time for the subconscious observer to break through the inhibition of the four types of paintings; finally, we use the continuous flash paradigm to perform subconsciously on different facial expressions Experiment to study whether subjects have the same effect on abstract painting and facial expressions under consciousness...........

Keywords - Abstract art painting, continuous fliash suppression, facial expressions, emotional cognition.

@article{key:article,
author = {Mei Long || Gao Jianbin || Zhangzhao},
title = {Research on Emotional Cognition of Abstract Art Painting in Continuous Flash Suppression},
journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
year = {2021},
volume = {10},
number = {02},
pages = {65-70},
month = {February}
}
Paper Title :: Proximate Analysis And Phytochemical Screening Of Breadfruit (Treculia Africana) Seed Oil
Author Name :: Okpaegbe U. C. || Magomya, A. M. || Azuaga, T. I. || Egah G.O. || Kaaer, S. N.
Page Number :: 71-76
:: 10.9790/1813-1002017176   

African breadfruit (Treculia africana) seeds were purchased from Onitsha main market, Anambra State, Nigeria. Extraction, Proximate analysis and phytochemical screening of oil from the seeds of Treculia africana were carried out using standard methods. The sample was milled into flour of small particle size. Oil extraction was carried out using petroleum ether and diethyl ether as solvents with a yield of 10.7% and 14.0% respectively, indicating that diethyl ether extracts gave a higher percentage of oil as compared with petroleum ether. This also indicates that breadfruit seed is a good source of vegetable oil and energy. Proximate analysis of the flour of breadfruit seed revealed that the sample contained 4.89% moisture content, 1.90% ash, 8.51% crude fat, 5.61% crude fibre, 27.94% crude protein and 51.15% carbohydrate (CHO). Phytochemical screening shows the presence of secondary metabolites such as flavonoids, phenols, essential oil, saponins, tannins and amino acids except for alkaloids and sugar, indicating that the plant would have good medicinal applications as these metabolites have been reported to be good antifungal, antibacterial and good oxidant enriching food with nutrients.

Keywords - Extraction, Proximate analysis, Phytochemical screening, Breadfruit, Seed, Treculia Africana

@article{key:article,
author = {Okpaegbe U. C. || Magomya, A. M. || Azuaga, T. I. || Egah G.O. || Kaaer, S. N.},
title = {Proximate Analysis And Phytochemical Screening Of Breadfruit (Treculia Africana) Seed Oil},
journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
year = {2021},
volume = {10},
number = {02},
pages = {71-76},
month = {February}
}
Paper Title :: Human Existence, Biotechnology and the Challenges of Transhumanism
Author Name :: FR. MICHAEL ETIM, STD, Ph.D
Page Number :: 77-84
:: 10.9790/1813-1002017784   

Human existence is a complex phenomenon. Through the course of the development of human thought, there has been diverse ways and attempts at offering insights into the complex phenomenon of human existence. Humanism is a discourse on human existence. In the contemporary age of scientific and technological advancement, the Homo technologicus model is becoming more and more the dominant paradigm, and the challenges set forth by the transhuman agenda is profoundly unsettling. The transhuman agenda challenges the very concept of human nature, the relationship of persons to nature, science, technology, medicine, genetic engineering, and cultural values. In the context of transhumanism, the human person has become the "supreme being" for humanity. But the paradox is that transhumanism maintains that, humanity itself must be transcended, there is neither male nor female, human nature..........

Keywords - Human Existence, Humanism, Transhumanism, Posthumanism, Science, Technology, Moral responsibility, Human dignity.

@article{key:article,
author = {FR. MICHAEL ETIM, STD, Ph.D},
title = {Human Existence, Biotechnology and the Challenges of Transhumanism},
journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
year = {2021},
volume = {10},
number = {02},
pages = {77-84},
month = {February}
}