•  
    Volume 6 || Issue 9 || Version-1 September- 2017
    Paper Id ::
     68047
    Paper Title :: Linear and Nonlinear Two-Parameter Adsorption Isotherm
    Modeling: A Case-Study
    Author Name :: HamidRezaGhaffari || HasanPasalari || AbdolhamidTajvar || KavoosDindarloo || Ba bakGoudarzi || ValiAlipour || AminGhanbarneajd
    Page Number :: 01-11
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609010111   

    Linear and nonlinear forms of two-parameter isotherm models are generally implemented to describe characterize an adsorption process. Throughout the previous studies associated with adsorption process, less attention has been paid to comparison of these two methods. The current study was developed to investigate mathematical and statistical properties of these two methods and compare different statistical criteria to specify the best linear and nonlinear curves, fitted to experimental data and estimate isotherm parameters. Toward these aims, the data obtained from an empirical study on nitrate adsorption onto oyster shell coated with nanoparticle zero-valent iron (OS-nZVI) were applied.................

    Keywords - Adsorption, Linear Regression, Nonlinear Regression, Error Analysis

    @article{key:article,
    author = {HamidRezaGhaffari || HasanPasalari || AbdolhamidTajvar || KavoosDindarloo || Ba bakGoudarzi || ValiAlipour || AminGhanbarneajd},
    title = {Linear and Nonlinear Two-Parameter Adsorption Isotherm Modeling: A Case-Study},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {01-11},
    month = {September}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     68061
    Paper Title :: Evaluation of Quality of Service Parameter in Ad Hoc Routing Networks based on a Queuing Network
    Author Name :: Tanu Jain || Rupesh Dubey
    Page Number :: 12-21
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609011221   

    In real-time transmission of multimedia information Ad Hoc faces challenges for the low bandwidth for transmission from source to destination and requires a considerable effort. So we proposed a queuing network model which is based on routing of Ad Hoc networks and analyze the delivery of multimedia packets which has low end-to-end delay and less bandwidth overhead between mobile nodes and which ensures high throughput. We also analyzed the queuing delay in regard of node behaviour of routing and MAC protocols. Here we simulate the parameters of Quality of Service i.e. end-to-end delay and expected hop count using Matlab..........

    Keywords - Wireless Ad Hoc networks; Routing of Ad Hoc networks; Networks based on Queuing

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Tanu Jain || Rupesh Dubey},
    title = {Evaluation of Quality of Service Parameter in Ad Hoc Routing Networks based on a Queuing Network},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {12-21},
    month = {September}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     68090
    Paper Title :: The Variation of Pitch Height of Tones in Mandarin Utterance
    Author Name :: Qi Gong
    Page Number :: 22-29
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609012229   

    In this study, the lowering pattern in Mandarin tone production is analyzed, and it is found that downstep exists for high (H) tones. They always drop to a lower scale compared to the forgoing ones. The degree of the first downstep is always larger than the following ones, but there are no differences in the degrees of downsteps for the later HL sequences. The speaker does not only raise the initial H tone when there are more downsteps, but also depress the final H tone. As for the L tones, due to the effect of final lowering, the lowering degree of the last downstep is always larger than the preceding ones. The utterance final L tones are not affected by the number of downsteps.

    Keywords - Tone, pitch, downstep

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Qi Gong},
    title = {The Variation of Pitch Height of Tones in Mandarin Utterance},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {22-29},
    month = {September}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     69001
    Paper Title :: Home Energy Scheduling System: Load Planning with Production Constraints
    Author Name :: Minh-Hoang Le || Mireille Jacomino
    Page Number :: 30-44
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609013044   

    This paper addresses the home energy management issue. Energy consumption in buildings is one of the more challenging problems in the current energy context. Energy savings are possible by improving energy efficiency of devices and adapting end-users' demands. However, for given end-user requirements with given appliances, the schedule of the activities greatly impacts management of energy production means. In this paper the addressed home energy management issue consists in matching, as accurately as possible, the end-user demand with power grid capacity...........

    Keywords - Dwelling; Home Energy Management System; Optimization; Scheduling; Mixed Integer Linear Programming.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Minh-Hoang Le || Mireille Jacomino},
    title = {Home Energy Scheduling System: Load Planning with Production Constraints},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {30-44},
    month = {September}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     67020
    Paper Title :: Seasonal Variations and Assessment of Oxygen Demanding Parameters (DO, BOD, COD) in Solmari River, Bangladesh
    Author Name :: Md. Nazim Uddin || A.H.M. Nasimul Jamil || Md. Shamim Reza
    Page Number :: 45-48
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609014548   

    This study examined the Dissolved Oxygen (DO), Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD) & Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) in summer, rainy& winter season to assess the water quality and sessional variations of Solmari River, Bangladesh. The highest DO value was observed in rainy season than winter or summer season. But the BOD and COD was high during winter and rainy season. This high level of BOD and COD value in summer season indicates the presence of a large number of microorganism's i.e. high level of pollution. The parameter COD is more preferable to BOD because it is a quickly measurable parameter.

    Keywords - Seasonal variation, Water assessment, Solmari River, DO, BOD and COD.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Md. Nazim Uddin || A.H.M. Nasimul Jamil || Md. Shamim Reza},
    title = {Seasonal Variations and Assessment of Oxygen Demanding Parameters (DO, BOD, COD) in Solmari River, Bangladesh},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {45-48},
    month = {September}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     68031
    Paper Title :: The Climate Survey of Razan-Qahavand Plain Through de-Martonne Aridity Index
    Author Name :: Mahdis Dabbaghi || K. G. Asha Manjari
    Page Number :: 49-60
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609014960   

    With the warmer atmosphere, more water evaporates from the oceans and land. Climate change is one of the most important global environmental challenges facing humanity with implications for food production, the supply of drinking water and health. Since the impact of this phenomenon is more severe in the developing countries including Iran, so the cognition of the drought is needful for describing the features of geographical prospect in main cities of these countries, the main objective of this paper is to survey the climate of Razan-Qahavand plain in Hamedan province through the de-Martonne aridity index...........

    Keywords - Climate changes; de-Martonne, Razan-Qahavand plain, synoptic stations, desertification.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Mahdis Dabbaghi || K. G. Asha Manjari},
    title = {The Climate Survey of Razan-Qahavand Plain Through de-Martonne Aridity Index},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {49-60},
    month = {September}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     68046
    Paper Title :: Characterization of Petroleum Sludge from Refinery Industry Biological Wastewater Treatment Unit
    Author Name :: Abubakar M. Ali || Mohd A. Abu-Hassan || Raja R.K. Ibrahim || Muhammad. A. A. Zaini || Bala I. Abdulkarim || Ali S. Hussein || Sheila M. Su || MuhdAzril I. Mohd Halim
    Page Number :: 61-65
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609016165   

    Thermal plasma technique is becoming prominent in the treatment of variety of waste ranging from municipal solid waste, incinerator residue, hospital waste, electronics waste and industrial sludge. Application of the new treatment technology to petroleum sludge requires information on the nature and characteristics of the sludge that will be use to optimize the treatment system. In this investigation, petroleum sludge obtained from Petronas Melaka was characterized for its physical and chemical features. Proximate and ultimate analysis as well as determination of elemental composition were carried out. The sludge was found to contain high moisture (78.91%), low ash (5.06%), low volatiles (5.52%) and high fixed carbon (10.51%). The sludge has a TOC of 54.48% and HHV of 23.599MJ/kg...........

    Keywords - Petroleum sludge, characterization, total organic carbon, metal concentration

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Abubakar M. Ali || Mohd A. Abu-Hassan || Raja R.K. Ibrahim || Muhammad. A. A. Zaini || Bala I. Abdulkarim || Ali S. Hussein || Sheila M. Su || MuhdAzril I. Mohd Halim},
    title = {Characterization of Petroleum Sludge from Refinery Industry Biological Wastewater Treatment Unit},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {61-65},
    month = {September}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     68049
    Paper Title :: The Concept Of Science And Technology In Martin Heidegger's Philosophy: Its Implication For The Society
    Author Name :: Peter Alawa
    Page Number :: 66-71
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609016671   

    Martin Heidegger stands out as one of the greatest philosophers in the contemporary period. His philosophy centers on Being. His contribution to philosophy is to recover the real meaning of Being that other philosophers had forgotten. For him, Being manifests itself anew at different times. He approaches this problem of Being in three stages, the first stage is Dasein analysis, the second is art and truth as a path to Being; the final stage is Being as a process that is expressed as ereignis (eyes of the mind) and Gelassenheit (surrender). Science and technology falls with the second stage of Heidegger's view on Being. Heidegger is not against science and technology but the abuse...........

    Keywords - Dasein (Being there), Alethiea (Truth), Zein (Being), Science and Technology.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Peter Alawa},
    title = {The Concept Of Science And Technology In Martin Heidegger's Philosophy: Its Implication For The Society},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {66-71},
    month = {September}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     68058
    Paper Title :: The Inflation-Hedging Characteristics of Vietnamese Securitized Real Estates
    Author Name :: Le Long Hau
    Page Number :: 72-77
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609017277   

    This study investigates the inflation-hedging characteristics of real estate stocks in Vietnam. Empirical findings show that securitized real estates can provide a partial hedge against both ex post and ex ante inflation, but no statistical relation between securitized real estates returns and surprises in inflation is found. Noticeably, the Fisher hypothesis on the one-to-one relationship between real estate stock returns and expected inflation is strongly rejected. This study has implication for investors by adding to the understandings of the inflation-hedging characteristics of Vietnamese securitized real estates.

    Keywords - Property stock index, securitized property, inflation, hedging, Vietnam

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Le Long Hau},
    title = {The Inflation-Hedging Characteristics of Vietnamese Securitized Real Estates},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {72-77},
    month = {September}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     68059
    Paper Title :: Peculiarities of Allergy to Tree Pollen and Approaches to Diagnosis and Allergen Immunotherapy in Patients – Residents of Lviv Region
    Author Name :: PhD Svitlana Zubchenko || MD Valentyna Chopyak || MD Olena Gubska || Sergey Yuryev || Fernando Pineda
    Page Number :: 78-83
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609017883   

    The study involved 286 patients (17-58 years, 55.9% females and 44.1% males). SPT was performed with extracts "Mixture of trees" (Diater Laboratorios, Spain). The study of allergen components was made by ImmunoCAP. We evaluated the efficiency of SLIT by visual analogue scale. 98.3% patients had positive SPT to extract "Mixture of trees". N=281:191 (68.1%) individuals were positive to birch extract, 8 (2.8%) – to ash tree, 82 (29.1%) – to birch+ash tree. Ash sensitization according to SPT – 31.9%. ImmunoCAP: among patients with positive SPT to birch, true sensitization – in 147 (77%) individuals, among patients with polysensitization – 63 (76.9%)..........

    Keywords - Betulacea allergens, Oleaceae allergens, sensitization, efficiency of allergen immunotherapy.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {PhD Svitlana Zubchenko || MD Valentyna Chopyak || MD Olena Gubska || Sergey Yuryev || Fernando Pineda},
    title = {Peculiarities of Allergy to Tree Pollen and Approaches to Diagnosis and Allergen Immunotherapy in Patients – Residents of Lviv Region},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {78-83},
    month = {September}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     68060
    Paper Title :: The Use of House Terrace for Domestic Activities: A Case Study of Floating House in South Borneo, Indonesia
    Author Name :: Dahliani || Purwanita Setijanti || Ispurwono Soemarno
    Page Number :: 84-89
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609018489   

    The house terrace is a transitional space from outside to inside, or vice versa. The front of house terrace serves to welcome guests and should provide a good view for those who see it. While the back and side terrace serves for a place to relax and gather family. The purpose of this study is to show that the terrace of the house has more functions that are useful to accommodate the domestic activities of the residents. The research uses qualitative method and direct observation on the object of study, that is activity of resident in lanting house, floating house in South Borneo. Through this research, it was found that the residents of Lanting house used house terrace for domestic activities, especially domestic service activities such as dishwashing..........

    Keywords - House terrace, domestic activity, lanting house

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Dahliani || Purwanita Setijanti || Ispurwono Soemarno},
    title = {The Use of House Terrace for Domestic Activities: A Case Study of Floating House in South Borneo, Indonesia},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {84-89},
    month = {September}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     68062
    Paper Title :: Effect of External Micro-cavitycoupled with Surface Plasmon on the Performance of Organic LightEmitting Devices
    Author Name :: AkiyoshiMikami
    Page Number :: 90-95
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609019095   

    Luminescent properties have been improved by introducingan external micro-cavity effect in an organic light emitting device with multi-cathode structure. Angular dependence of the emission intensity and emission spectra were evaluated and it was clarified that the external micro-cavity coupled with surface plasmonis useful for the improvement of the color purity of the emission and out-coupling efficiency compared with an internal micro-cavity effect. In results, color coordinates of the green emission approaches to BT.2020 color standard and an external quantum efficiency becomes higher by a factor of 1.3. The relationship between the external micro-cavity effect and surface plasmon coupling will be discussed from a viewpoint of optical analysis.

    Keywords - Organic light-emitting diode, Light extraction efficiency, Micro cavity effect, Surface plasmon

    @article{key:article,
    author = {AkiyoshiMikami},
    title = {Effect of External Micro-cavitycoupled with Surface Plasmon on the Performance of Organic LightEmitting Devices},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {90-95},
    month = {September}
    }
    Volume 6 || Issue 9 || Version-2 September- 2017
    Paper Id ::
     68068
    Paper Title :: Dilute Acid Pretreatment Optimization from Sugarcane Wastes by Experimental Design
    Author Name :: Dellysandra Pamela Corrêa Antunes || Rosana Correia Vieira || Martha Suzana Rodrigues dos Santos-Rocha || Kledson Lopes Barbosa || Margarete Cabral dos Santos Silva || Márcia Andréa Gomes || Renata Maria Rosas Garcia Almeida
    Page Number :: 01-08
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609020108   

    The pretreatment (PT) means an important step for 2G ethanol production from lignocellulosics wastes. Therefore, it is necessary that this stage provides feasible results to favour the hydrolysis and fermentations steps. Taking this into account, the aim of this work was evaluate, between the type of inorganic acids (sulfuric, phosphoric, hydrochloric and nitric), the one which can promote the highest total reducing sugars (TRS) releasing on PT step from straw and sugarcane bagasse. In addition, a blend, in a straw/bagasse ratio of 1:1, 1:3 and 3:1 was submitted to PT, applying the same acids reported previously. Lastly, after the choice of acid and straw/bagasse ratio to be applied in the assays, an experimental design was performed, aiming the optimization of PT conditions...........

    Keywords - Keywords: Lignocellulosic feedstocks, optimization, pretreatment, response surface methodology.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Dellysandra Pamela Corrêa Antunes || Rosana Correia Vieira || Martha Suzana Rodrigues dos Santos-Rocha || Kledson Lopes Barbosa || Margarete Cabral dos Santos Silva || Márcia Andréa Gomes || Renata Maria Rosas Garcia Almeida},
    title = {Dilute Acid Pretreatment Optimization from Sugarcane Wastes by Experimental Design},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {01-08},
    month = {September}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     68069
    Paper Title :: Enzymatic Hydrolysis Optimization from Corn Wastes by Experimental Design
    Author Name :: Rosana Correia Vieira || Dellysandra Pamela Corrêa Antunes || Martha Suzana Rodrigues dos Santos-Rocha || Kledson Lopes Barbosa || Margarete Cabral dos Santos Silva || Márcia Andréa Gomes || Renata Maria Rosas Garcia Almeida
    Page Number :: 09-15
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609020915   

    An important factor to promote the economic development in a country is correlated with the availability of low-cost energy resources. In this context, corn wastes, such as stover and cob, have been employed as relevant lignocellulosic residues for biofuels generation. Concerning bioethanol production from biomass, enzymatic hydrolysis step is a key point to become the process energy efficient. Taking this into account, it is necessary to perform improvements with regarding to hydrolysis step, aiming the optimization of the global process for second generation ethanol (E2G) production...........

    Keywords - Lignocellulosic feedstocks, optimization, response surface methodology, saccharification.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Rosana Correia Vieira || Dellysandra Pamela Corrêa Antunes || Martha Suzana Rodrigues dos Santos-Rocha || Kledson Lopes Barbosa || Margarete Cabral dos Santos Silva || Márcia Andréa Gomes || Renata Maria Rosas Garcia Almeida},
    title = {Enzymatic Hydrolysis Optimization from Corn Wastes by Experimental Design},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {09-15},
    month = {September}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     68072
    Paper Title :: Modeling and Numerical Simulation for the Double Corrugated Cardboard under Transverse Loading by Homogenization Method
    Author Name :: Duong Pham Tuong Minh
    Page Number :: 16-25
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609021625   

    In this paper, an analytic homogenization model for the double corrugated cardboard plates under transverse loading is presented. This model is essentially based on the theory of stratification and then improved by using the theory of sandwich. The proposed analytical homogenization model allows modelling the 3D complex double corrugated cardboard by a 2D equivalent homogenized plate. This work helps to significantly reduce the computational time as well as time to build the geometry of model. To validate the model, in this work, we carry out the simulation for the corrugated cardboard plates in case of transverse loading...........

    Keywords - Corrugated cardboard, Homogenization, Orthotropic plate, Sandwich panels, Transverse shear

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Duong Pham Tuong Minh},
    title = {Modeling and Numerical Simulation for the Double Corrugated Cardboard under Transverse Loading by Homogenization Method},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {16-25},
    month = {September}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     68073
    Paper Title :: Comparative Life Cycle Impact Assessment in Global Warming Potential for Pharmaceutical Packaging purpose
    Author Name :: MSc Natalija Dimitrovska || Prof. Dr. Radmil Polenakovikj
    Page Number :: 26-33
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609022633   

    Pharmaceutical companies are increasingly imparting a lot of importance becoming more environmental friendly and sustainable by developing products that are having the same medicine value but reduced environmental impact. Materials that are used in packing applications have a lot of environmental impact that results with increased Global Warming Potential (GWP). The researchers, named in the abstract, are using SimaPro software and BUWAL database to make Life Cycle Impact Assessment (LCIA) for a product group (cosmetic mineral water) in pharmaceutical company, in order to determine the environment state by determining Environmental loads (EL). Having the results of the study impact characterization framework is developed and better evaluation for existing and new company's products is encouraged.

    Keywords - LCIA, Pharmaceutical packing, GWP, EL

    @article{key:article,
    author = {MSc Natalija Dimitrovska || Prof. Dr. Radmil Polenakovikj},
    title = {Comparative Life Cycle Impact Assessment in Global Warming Potential for Pharmaceutical Packaging purpose},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {26-33},
    month = {September}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     68076
    Paper Title :: Chitosan Based Adsorbent: A Remedy to Handle Industrial Waste Water
    Author Name :: Anuja Agarwa || Vaishali
    Page Number :: 34-49
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609023449   

    A healthy environment is chief requirement of modern society and to make the surroundings to live, especially firstly needed water must be pollution free. Adsorption is one of the best wastewaters treatment process. Keeping in view, we have reviewed the utility of chitosan as an adsorbent for the removal of dyes and metals from aqueous solution, which is a non toxic, biocompatible, positively charged, biodegradable natural polymer and obtained by alkaline deacetylation of chitin. To introduce desired characteristics and broaden the scope of the potential applications of chitosan as an adsorbent, physical and chemical modifications have been carried out and obtained various chitosan based materials. Our review article produced an evidence that chitosan based beads, have outstanding adsorption efficiencies for metals and dyes and can be auspicious substitute for conventional adsorbents for removing pollutants.

    Keywords - Chitosan, beads, crosslinking, adsorption, dyes etc.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Anuja Agarwa || Vaishali},
    title = {Chitosan Based Adsorbent: A Remedy to Handle Industrial Waste Water},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {34-49},
    month = {September}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     68081
    Paper Title :: Advanced Indexing Based General Gram Filter for String Similarity Search
    Author Name :: Kranti Sawant || Priyambiga Rajamanickam
    Page Number :: 50-55
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609025055   

    Many applications such as data integration, protein detection, and article copy detection share a similar core problem that is if a string is given as a query then how to efficiently find all the similar answers from a large scale string collection. Along these lines, many existing techniques receive a prefix-channel based structure to take care of this issue, and various late works intend to utilize propelled channels to enhance the general pursuit execution. The main objective of research is to develop a gram based filter-and-verification framework to achieve the near maximum filter performance...........

    Keywords - Data integration, Similarity search, gram-based framework.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Kranti Sawant || Priyambiga Rajamanickam},
    title = {Advanced Indexing Based General Gram Filter for String Similarity Search},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {50-55},
    month = {September}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     68084
    Paper Title :: Food waste in Greece: A case study
    Author Name :: PhD Panousopoulou Pagona
    Page Number :: 56-60
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609025660   

    The present paper is regarding the remaining food supply chain. Firstly, there's reference to humanitarian aid logistics. Starting with basic definitions, and continuing with discussing the significance of humanitarian logistics among modern supply chains, followed lastly by the presentation of main differences between business and humanitarian logistics. In addition, the main challenges faced by humanitarian relief organizations are provided and their connection to remaining food (food waste). The second part of this paper address the food waste produced in Greece and the reason for its production in households and catering businesses. For this paper, a survey conducted, involving 40 catering businesses operating in Greece. From the results occurred that the participating companies have developed a sense of humanitarian aid and contribute positively to humanitarian logistics.

    Keywords - Remaing food supply chain, Food waste, Humanitarian organizations and rest food.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {PhD Panousopoulou Pagona},
    title = {Food waste in Greece: A case study},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {56-60},
    month = {September}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     69006
    Paper Title :: Feature Selection Using Hybrid Approach for Opinion Spam Detection
    Author Name :: G. Janani || M. Anitha
    Page Number :: 61-72
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609026172   

    E-shopping is a form of electronic commerce which allows consumers to directly buy goods or services from a seller over the Internet using a web browser. This popularity has made web an excellent source of gathering customer opinions about a product. Positive opinions bring significant business growth and financial gains. Similarly negative opinion cause sales loss and affect companies reputation. There is no reported study on assessing the trustworthiness of opinions, which is crucial for all opinion based applications, although web spam and email spam have been investigated extensively...........

    Keywords - Review Spam Detection, Feature selection, Naïve Bayes, KNN Clasiifier, Classification accuracy

    @article{key:article,
    author = {G. Janani || M. Anitha},
    title = {Feature Selection Using Hybrid Approach for Opinion Spam Detection},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {61-72},
    month = {September}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     69009
    Paper Title :: Phytohormone-mediated Effects of Agnihotra Vapour on Plant Growth in a Field
    Author Name :: Vasanti Gopal Limaye
    Page Number :: 73-79
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609027379   

    The present study again highlights the peculiar effects of Agnihotra vapour providing strong evidence for involvement of phyohormones (Brassonolide) for manifestation of these physiological effects at various stages of plant growth. These studies performed in an open field as a sequel to my previous study [1] have once again reaffirmed the mechanism of action of Agnihotra vapour on plant growth mediated through growth regulator substances. The study provides strong evidence for elucidation through observations the effects of agnihotra vapour on plant growth. In a new set of experimentation the observations were made on plants growing in an open field in contrast to my previous studies where observations were done on plants growing on double-height covered terrace of my home............

    Keywords - Agnihotra, agnihotra-vapour, phyohormone, brassinolide, initiation of flowering.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Vasanti Gopal Limaye},
    title = {Phytohormone-mediated Effects of Agnihotra Vapour on Plant Growth in a Field},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {73-79},
    month = {September}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     67014
    Paper Title :: Experimental On-Line Damage Detection For Industrial Structural Components
    Author Name :: B. Trentadue
    Page Number :: 80-86
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609028086   

    Different numerical-experimental methods have recently been introduced in literature for the diagnosis of structural damages by using location-dependent changes in the modal parameters (natural frequencies, damping factors, mode shapes, etc.). The main task is the determination of presence, location and extent of the damage. This work is concerned with the possibility of introducing alongside a manufacturing process an on-line quality control for structural components prior to assembly using modal parameters. Basing on the natural differences among different components, the problem of error measurements, connected with available modal data, could become more noticeable than the health monitoring of an only particular system.............

    Keywords - Damage, modal data, mode shapes.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {B. Trentadue},
    title = {Experimental On-Line Damage Detection For Industrial Structural Components},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {80-86},
    month = {September}
    }
    Volume 6 || Issue 9 || Version-3 September- 2017
    Paper Id ::
     67015
    Paper Title :: Goods and Services Tax (GST)In India - A step towards simplifying Indirect Tax procedure
    Author Name :: Dr. Harshal N. Tamhankar
    Page Number :: 01-04
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609030104   

    India is a largest democratic country in the world. The federal structure of the country provides a relatively powerful government at the centre accompanied by 28 state governments. All of them require financial assistance to govern the country and the states. Indirect tax is one of the major sources of revenue. India has been experimenting with the tax structure since independence. After introduction of Value Added Tax (VAT) from 2005, the country is going to experiment with Goods and Services Tax (GST) from April 1, 2013. This paper puts an attempt to explore the pros and cons related to the issue of introduction of GST in India.

    Keywords - Goods & Services, Tax.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Dr. Harshal N. Tamhankar},
    title = {Goods and Services Tax (GST)In India - A step towards simplifying Indirect Tax procedure},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {01-04},
    month = {September}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     67016
    Paper Title :: The Effect of Information Technology and Innovation on the Quality of Human Resources and Business Performance (An Exploratory Study of Typical and Traditional Culinary Typical of Makassar Famous)
    Author Name :: Iwan Perwira || Murdifin Haming
    Page Number :: 05-12
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609030512   

    This research was motivated by official establishment of ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) on December 31, 2015. The establishment of ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) became a crucial milestone to develop various quantity and quality of economy of Indonesia in ASEAN region. In welcoming ASEAN Economic Community (AEC), the Mayor of Makassar city, represented by the Tourism Office of Makassar proposed to set local cuisine as local wealth of Makassar to Ministry of Tourism of Indonesia to have an Intellectual Property Right in order to be competitive (i.e. Coto Makassar, Pisang Ijo, Pallubasa, Sop Saudara, Konro Bakar, Pallumara, Pisang Epe, Mie Kering, Jalangkote and Konro)..............

    Keywords - Information technology, innovation, quality of human resources and business performance.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Iwan Perwira || Murdifin Haming},
    title = {The Effect of Information Technology and Innovation on the Quality of Human Resources and Business Performance (An Exploratory Study of Typical and Traditional Culinary Typical of Makassar Famous)},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {05-12},
    month = {September}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     69030
    Paper Title :: Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II Palembang - Indonesia Airport Preparation In Facing ASIAN GAMES 2018
    Author Name :: Ismail Najamudin
    Page Number :: 13-25
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609031325   

    Palembang City selected as a co-host of Asian Games 2018 besides Jakarta City. There are 45 participants from foreign countries with 37 sports competing will be held in Palembang City. By using descriptive analysis method of estimation at the time of Asean Games 2018 implementation there will be an increase airplane movements about 37,206 airplanes, 5,321,488 passengers, 23,822,946 kg baggage and 44,351,358 Kg cargo. Result calculation airport facilities on the basic SKEP. 77/VI/2005 indicate the side of the land and the side of the air is still a small compared facilities airport available. Capacity and facilities owned by Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II Palembang Airport for runway dimensions 3,000 x 60 m, 7 taxiway dimensions 2.500m x 30 m and 2 apron areas 54.735 m2, with 5 (five) garbarata (aviobridge) for domestic and international terminals...............

    Keywords - ASEAN GAMES 2018, SM. Badaruddin II. Airport.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Ismail Najamudin},
    title = {Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II Palembang - Indonesia Airport Preparation In Facing ASEAN GAMES 2018},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {13-25},
    month = {September}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     69004
    Paper Title :: Dependence of dry friction on atomic bond type
    Author Name :: Yuhim Lerner
    Page Number :: 26-28
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609032628   

    An equation is proposed for the forced oscillation of surface electrons in bodies with ionic bonds under dry friction. The friction–velocity ratio is obtained. It is also shown that friction is weaker for bodies with a covalent bond than for their ionic bond counterparts.

    Keywords - Dry friction; electrons; forced oscillation; ionic, metallic, and covalent bonds

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Yuhim Lerner},
    title = {Dependence of dry friction on atomic bond type},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {26-28},
    month = {September}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     69007
    Paper Title :: Modifying Effects of Rice Husk Ash On The Geotechnical Characteristics Of Low Shear Strength Soils
    Author Name :: Ikubuwaje C, O || Boluwade, E.A
    Page Number :: 29-32
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609032932   

    The study is an investigation into the potency of rice husk ash (RHA) on some geotechnical engineering properties of soil samples with low shear strength classified as A-7-6 soils (AASHTO., 1986). The investigation includes evaluation of properties such as Specific gravity, Consistency limits, Compaction and Strength of the soil with RHA content of 2%, 3.5%, 5%, 6.5% and 8% by weight of the dry soil. The results obtained reveal that the increase in RHA content decreased the optimum moisture content but increased the maximum dry density. It was also observed that with the increase in the RHA content. Compressibility and plasticity are reduced while volume stability as well as the shearing strength of the soil increased. 8% RHA content was also observed to be the optimum content.

    Keywords - Rice Husk Ash (RHA), Low Shear Strength Soil, Compaction, Potency.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Ikubuwaje C, O || Boluwade, E.A},
    title = {Modifying Effects of Rice Husk Ash On The Geotechnical Characteristics Of Low Shear Strength Soils},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {29-32},
    month = {September}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     69027
    Paper Title :: Effects of variable viscosity and thermal conductivity on unsteady micropolar fluid about a permeable cylinder under moving boundaries
    Author Name :: Indira Baruah || G.C. Hazarika
    Page Number :: 33-41
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609033341   

    Effects of temperature dependent viscosity and thermal conductivity on heat transfer flow of unsteady micropolar fluid about a permeable cylinder with moving boundaries have been considered for study in presence of magnetic field. In the process, viscosity and thermal conductivity are assumed to be linear functions of temperature. Using similarity transformation the governing partial differential equations (PDEs) of the problem are reduced to ordinary differential equations (ODEs). Adequate numerical technique is used to solve these equations for some of the parameters such as unsteady, suction, injection, radiation, viscosity and thermal conductivity. The effects of skin friction, Nusselt numbers are given in tabular form. The results are henceforth analyzed with the help of graphical presentations.

    Keywords - Micropolar fluid, unsteady flow, heat transfer, moving cylinder, thermal radiation.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Indira Baruah || G.C. Hazarika},
    title = {Effects of variable viscosity and thermal conductivity on unsteady micropolar fluid about a permeable cylinder under moving boundaries},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {33-41},
    month = {September}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     66054
    Paper Title :: The Impact of Thomas Tafirenyika Mukanya Mapfumo's Music
    on Zimbabwe's Liberation Struggle
    Author Name :: SithokozileSibanda
    Page Number :: 42-48
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609034248   

    During the Zimbabwe liberation struggle revolutionary Zimbabwean musicians were motivated to produce music that had an impact on the freedom fighters, war collaborators as well as the civilians. Thomas Mapfumo was one of the pioneers of music that complemented the war of liberation in Zimbabwe as well as motivating the gallant sons and daughters who were fighting in the bush. Mapfumo came up with Chimurenga music to describe his kind of music that evolved in the early 1970s during the Zimbabwe liberation struggle. The study explored the impact of Mapfumo's music during the Zimbabwe liberation struggle........

    Keywords - Chimurenga music, Freedom fighters, war collaborators, civilians, Zimbabwe Liberation Struggle.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {SithokozileSibanda},
    title = {The Impact of Thomas Tafirenyika Mukanya Mapfumo's Music on Zimbabwe's Liberation Struggle},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {42-48},
    month = {September}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     69041
    Paper Title :: Springback prediction in sheet metal forming via FEA simulation
    Author Name :: Peter Mulidrán || Emil Spišák || Janka Majerníková
    Page Number :: 49-52
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609034952   

    Improved passive safety and weight reduction are both required for components of new car generation. Thus, advanced high strength steels, such as dual phase steels are increasingly used in car-body production. In each sheet metal forming process, the steels exhibit springback effect, which is governed by strain recovery of material after load removal. High strength steels exhibit more distinct springback effect than steels used for deep drawing. This is mainly due to their higher values of Yield strength. Springback is related to many parameters like forming conditions, tool geometry and material properties such as sheet thickness, yield stress, work hardening, strain rate sensitivity and elasticity modulus. [1-3] In this contribution, effect of blank holder force (BHF) value and value of friction coefficient on springback of stamped part is evaluated. Two materials – double phase steel DP600 and cold rolled low carbon steel used for cold forming DC04 in FEA simulation of the sheet metal forming process were investigated.

    Keywords - Springback, sheet metal forming, FEA forming simulation.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Peter Mulidrán || Emil Spišák || Janka Majerníková},
    title = {Springback prediction in sheet metal forming via FEA simulation},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {49-52},
    month = {September}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     69049
    Paper Title :: Radio Propagation Path-loss Analysis for an Operative GSM Network
    Author Name :: Nathaniel S. Tarkaa || Victor A. Agbo || Samuel O. Oglegba
    Page Number :: 53-67
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609035367   

    Radio propagation is one of the most fundamental parameters in mobile communications engineering. For land-based mobile communications, the received signal variation is primarily the result of multipath fading caused by obstacles such as buildings (or clutter) or terrain irregularities; the distance between link end points; externally generated noise, and interference among multiple transmissions. This inevitable signal variation is the cause of call dropping, one of the most significant quality of service measure in operative cellular (or GSM) networks. For this reason, various techniques and schemes are employed in the planning, design and optimization of cellular networks to combat these propagation effects..............

    Keywords - Cellular Network, Propagation Characteristics, Radio Propagation, Radio Propagation Model, SUI Model.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Nathaniel S. Tarkaa || Victor A. Agbo || Samuel O. Oglegba},
    title = {Radio Propagation Path-loss Analysis for an Operative GSM Network},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {53-67},
    month = {September}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     69047
    Paper Title :: Thermal, Mechanic, and Magnetic Properties of Ni54Mn18Ga20Fe8 Magnetic Shape Memory Alloy
    Author Name :: Alim Bozer || Erdem Yaşar
    Page Number :: 68-73
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609036873   

    This paper represents some new experimental results about thermal, mechanical and magnetic properties in NiMnGaFe ferromagnetic shape memory alloy. Ni54Mn18Ga20Fe8 polycrystalline shape memory alloy was fabricated by an arc melting device providing inert argon gas atmosphere. Martensitic transformation (MT) temperatures of Ni54Mn18Ga20Fe8 alloy were determined by DSC and the crystal structure of alloy was investigated by XRD. Shape memory effect of alloy was determined by TMA and after the necessary calculations are made, the results are found as the residual strain r = 3, shape memory effect SME = 2.6 and the recovery rate = 86.6%. The magnetic properties were determined using Mossbauer spectroscopy. The magnetic properties were determined using Mossbauer spectra. The results demonstrated that the presence of two phases coexist which are gamma phase and martensitic phase.

    Keywords - Martensitic Phase Transformation, Mossbauer, SEM, Shape Memory Alloy, XRD.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Alim Bozer || Erdem Yaşar},
    title = {Thermal, Mechanic, and Magnetic Properties of Ni54Mn18Ga20Fe8 Magnetic Shape Memory Alloy},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {68-73},
    month = {September}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     69018
    Paper Title :: Acid Red 18 Dye Removal from Aqueous Solution Using Combined Process of Coagulation and Nanoparticle Zero Valent Iron (nZVI)
    Author Name :: Babak Goudarzi || HasanPasalari || Kavoos Dindarloo || Hamid Reza Ghaffari || ValiAlipour || Abdolhamid Tajvar || Amin Ghanbarnejad
    Page Number :: 74-79
    :: 10.9790/1813-0609037479   

    The color decrease aesthetical quality of drinking water and consumer's tendency for using this water. Furthermore, colored water is unsuitable for industrials usage. Color producing material may react with chlorine compounds and creates carcinogen disinfection by products (DBPs). The aim of this study was to investigate Acid Red 18dye removal from aqueous solution by combined conventional coagulation and nanoparticle zero valent iron (nZVI) process. The experiments were conducted in jar test device and efficiency removal was evaluated by changing alum concentration, nZVI dosage, and pH. On the basis of the results, removal efficiency for integrated process was higher than only conventional coagulation. The color removal efficiency for integrated process and coagulation were 93 and 47 percent, respectively. Integrated process can be used effectively for color removal from water in regions with color problems. More studies are needed to investigate other aspects of this process.

    Keywords - Coagulation, nZVI, Acid Red 18.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Babak Goudarzi || HasanPasalari || Kavoos Dindarloo || Hamid Reza Ghaffari || ValiAlipour || Abdolhamid Tajvar || Amin Ghanbarnejad},
    title = {Acid Red 18 Dye Removal from Aqueous Solution Using Combined Process of Coagulation and Nanoparticle Zero Valent Iron (nZVI)},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {9},
    pages = {74-79},
    month = {September}
    }