•  
    Volume 6 || Issue 10 || Version-1 October- 2017
    Paper Id ::
     69059
    Paper Title :: Water Constrains South Africa's Energy Future: A Case Study on Integrated Energy-Water Nexus Modeling and Analysis
    Author Name :: Diego Rodriguez || Anna Delgado || Morgan Bazilian || Fadiel Ahjum || James Cullis || Pat DeLaquil || Gary Goldstein || Rikard Liden || Bruno Merven || Fernando Miralles-Wilhelm || Antonia Sohns || Adrian Stone || Michael Toman
    Page Number :: 01-25
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610010125   

    This research involves integrating a representation of water supply into an energy systems model to better reflect the interdependent nature of the energy-water nexus in South Africa; the water challenges facing the energy system are therefore of primary interest. The research methodology developed focuses on embedding the various water supply options in a least-cost optimization platform, so that the cost of water is fully captured as energy sector investments are planned, and any changes in these investments due to implementing this nexus approach can be quantified. The results of this investigation demonstrate the process and type of tools that can be employed to examine the water-energy nexus and the insights that can be gained from integrated energy-water planning.................

    Keywords - ...........

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Diego Rodriguez || Anna Delgado || Morgan Bazilian || Fadiel Ahjum || James Cullis || Pat DeLaquil || Gary Goldstein || Rikard Liden || Bruno Merven || Fernando Miralles-Wilhelm || Antonia Sohns || Adrian Stone || Michael Toman},
    title = {Water Constrains South Africa's Energy Future: A Case Study on Integrated Energy-Water Nexus Modeling and Analysis},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {01-25},
    month = {October}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     69019
    Paper Title :: Strategy Development of Fishery Business in The Coastal Area Bone Bay Southeast Sulawesi Province
    Author Name :: Ibnu Hajar || Abd. Azis Muthalib || Ahmad Mukhlis Nuriadi || Edi Hamka || Sukarta || Muh. Nur || Mahmudin A.Sabilalo
    Page Number :: 26-34
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610012634   

    This research was conducted in coastal area of Bone Bay Southeast Sulawesi Province with the aim to formulate Strategy development of fishery business in coastal area Bone Bay Southeast Sulawesi Province. The type of data used in this study is primary data and secondary data. Primary data collected in the field were obtained from observations, both in the form of questionnaires, focus group discussions, interviews with related parties and documentation. Primary data is more focused on the performance of the fisheries sector in the economic, social, environmental and institutional sectors as well as the problems faced by each sector. The method of analysis used to achieve the research objectives is SWOT analysis. The result of research by using SWOT analysis, it is formulated that to develop fishery business in coastal area of Bone Bay Southeast Sulawesi, the strategy that must be done is: (1) Optimization of capture fishery potential through government support..........

    Keywords - Strategy development, Fishery business and Coastal area.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Ibnu Hajar || Abd. Azis Muthalib || Ahmad Mukhlis Nuriadi || Edi Hamka || Sukarta || Muh. Nur || Mahmudin A.Sabilalo},
    title = {Strategy Development of Fishery Business in The Coastal Area Bone Bay Southeast Sulawesi Province},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {26-34},
    month = {October}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     69048
    Paper Title :: Seaweed Business Conditions And Marketing Channels in Coastal District of Southeast Sulawesi
    Author Name :: Abd Azis Muthalib || Asrip Putra || Ahmad Muhlis Nuryadi || Muhammad Nur Afiat
    Page Number :: 35-41
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610013541   

    This study was conducted in the coastal area of Southeast Sulawesi with the aim of: (1) To know the condition of seaweed business in coastal area of Southeast Sulawesi; (2) Knowing seaweed marketing channel in coastal area of Southeast Sulawesi. The populations of this study are all business actors (fishermen / farmers) of seaweed in coastal area of Southeast Sulawesi. Given the limited time and financing of this study conducted a sample on some districts that are considered to represent or represent the characteristics of the existing population. The type of data to be used in this study was primary data obtained from the respondents by using questionnaires. The analytical method used descriptive analysis..........

    Keywords - Seaweed business and marketing channel.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Abd Azis Muthalib || Asrip Putra || Ahmad Muhlis Nuryadi || Muhammad Nur Afiat},
    title = {Seaweed Business Conditions And Marketing Channels in Coastal District of Southeast Sulawesi},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {35-41},
    month = {October}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     69050
    Paper Title :: Procurement System from Past to Present in Turkey: A Comparison for the Construction Works
    Author Name :: Savas Bayram
    Page Number :: 42-51
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610014251   

    This study is an attempt to investigate the procurement system processes in Turkey based on construction works. There are two pioneering legislative regulations have been made for over thirty years of Turkish procurement system; State Procurement Law, nr. 2886, which was prevailed between the years of 1984 and 2003 (in some cases still prevailed) and Public Procurement Law, nr. 4734, which has been valid since 2003 year. In this context, this study examines, presents and compares the completed public construction building projects procured under these Laws. Time-cost relationships of the public projects, which were procured under different procurement processes, have been individually investigated for both contractual and actual...........

    Keywords - Project duration, public procurement law, state procurement law, time-cost relationship, Turkey.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Savas Bayram},
    title = {Procurement System from Past to Present in Turkey: A Comparison for the Construction Works},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {42-51},
    month = {October}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     69061
    Paper Title :: Analysis of Current Solutions to Water Crisis in China
    Author Name :: Tianxiang Zheng
    Page Number :: 52-55
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610015255   

    This is a research paper specifically touching upon the general solutions to water crisis in China. The analysis of current solutions on prevalent water problem in China, including water diversion to alleviate the water shortage of northern China, water desalinization where seawater is more accessible and plentiful, as well as water treatment by giving different means to purify wastewater, are discussed. By so doing, water scarcity caused by geographical differences in supply and demand in China can partially be solved, and water pollution raised by factories, farmland and coal mines of laying waste to China's water supply can also be reduced.........

    Keywords - water crisis, water desalinization, water diversion, water treatment.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Tianxiang Zheng},
    title = {Analysis of Current Solutions to Water Crisis in China},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {52-55},
    month = {October}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     69035
    Paper Title :: Physicochemical Quality of Sachet and Bottled water consumed in Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education, Owerri, Imo State
    Author Name :: Nwaka, B.U. || Ogueri, E.O. || Usoh, C.I.
    Page Number :: 56-60
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610015660   

    In Nigeria, the production of sachet and bottled water for drinking has been on the increase that few dealers of the products may have been involved in sharp and unlawful practices leading to poor physicochemical water qualities. Temperature, pH, turbidity, total dissolved solids (TDS), electrical conductivity (Ec) of commonly consumed sachet and bottled water in Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education, Owerri, Imo State were determined, using standard analytical procedures. Thirty two (32) water samples comprising of eight (8) samples each from Eva bottled water, Alvana Table bottled water, Izzy sachet water and kechy sachet water were systematically selected in order to ascertain the safety of the drinking water according to World Health Organization, (WHO) and Nigerian Standard for Drinking Water Quality (NSDWQ) standards.........

    Keywords - Physicochemical water quality, WHO, NSDWQ, sachet water, bottle water

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Nwaka, B.U. || Ogueri, E.O. || Usoh, C.I.},
    title = {Physicochemical Quality of Sachet and Bottled water consumed in Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education, Owerri, Imo State},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {56-60},
    month = {October}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     69069
    Paper Title :: Computing Technology in Deep Learning
    Author Name :: Fernando Zacarias Flores || Rosalba Cuapa Canto || Oscar Garcia Pérez
    Page Number :: 61-66
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610016166   

    Currently, teachers are responsible for the students to be knowledgeable about curriculum content and to know how to motivate learning in their learners. However, evidence of student learning at the K–12 level indicates that teachers may need to give more attention to this expectation. In last years the emphasis in both, research and government policy, has been on improving the quality and depth of teaching with a view to enhance learning. This paper combines educational research with instructional technologies to build a Deep and Active Learning Model with three active dimensions (teachers, learners, and technology)..........

    Keywords - Active learning, Deep learning, Challenges, Learner, Mobile Devices, K-12, Games.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Fernando Zacarias Flores || Rosalba Cuapa Canto || Oscar Garcia Pérez},
    title = {Computing Technology in Deep Learning},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {61-66},
    month = {October}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     610001
    Paper Title :: Changes in Observed Air Temperature in Kuwait from 2001 to 2016
    Author Name :: Mr. Zayed Aldaithan
    Page Number :: 67-74
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610016774   

    Industrial Revolution during the 18th century gave rise to increased use of and dependence on fossil fuels. As a result, there is an observed increase in greenhouse gases and aerosols in the atmosphere. According to Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) AR5, average global temperature increased by 0.85°C from 1880 to 2012 (IPCC 37). This warming is pointed out as a result of increased anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions. The Arab region is among the world's most vulnerable to the effects of climate change. The region is challenged by scarce water resources, very low precipitation and extreme events. Very high temperatures were observed recently, together with the increased strength of typhoons, high ocean water temperatures, more frequent heat waves, less but more intense rainfall, prolonged droughts, sea-level rise, more intense cyclones and changing rainfall and temperature patterns (Verner 11).

    Keywords - .......

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Mr. Zayed Aldaithan},
    title = {Changes in Observed Air Temperature in Kuwait from 2001 to 2016},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {67-74},
    month = {October}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     69033
    Paper Title :: A Comparative Study of Open-loop and Closed-loop Control Schemes for Hysteresis in a d33-mode Piezoelectric Actuator
    Author Name :: Shehu Muhammad Auwal || Balogun Wasiu Adebayo || Auwal Shehu Tijjani || Bashir Bala Muhammad || Adisa Kehinde Olayinka || Kadiri Ibrahim
    Page Number :: 75-86
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610017586   

    High speed of response, large generated force, high precision and ultra-low power consumption are some of the advantages why piezoelectric actuators are widely used in modern car fuel injectors, in automated sperm injection systems, cell surgery, nanorobotics and etc. However, hysteresis nonlinearity in piezoelectric actuators affects precision of the actuators, and hence, it limits the maximum benefits that can be achieved using PEA. In this paper, we propose an experimental process that can be used to capture hysteresis nonlinearity in piezoelectric actuator. Hysteresis minimization by using PID based feedback control and Inverse multiplicative techniques have been investigated. The performances of the different minimization techniques for level of hysteresis minimization were investigated based on integral absolute error (IAE)..........

    Keywords - Bouc-Wen model, hysteresis, image processing, optimization, inverse model, PID, piezoelectric actuator, system identification.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Shehu Muhammad Auwal || Balogun Wasiu Adebayo || Auwal Shehu Tijjani || Bashir Bala Muhammad || Adisa Kehinde Olayinka || Kadiri Ibrahim},
    title = {A Comparative Study of Open-loop and Closed-loop Control Schemes for Hysteresis in a d33-mode Piezoelectric Actuator},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {75-86},
    month = {October}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     69040
    Paper Title :: Removalof Lead (II) Ion onto Unmodified and HDTMA-Br Modified Kaolinite Clay: Equilibrium, Isotherm and Kinetic Studies
    Author Name :: Aroke U. O. || Onatola-Morakinyo S. || Ochimana I. E.and4Alhassan A. S.
    Page Number :: 87-95
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610018795   

    The removal of harmful substances such as Lead (Pb) from wastewaters using locally available resources is essential to the environment and in promoting indigenous technology. This study investigated the development of organically modifiedclay from Alkaleri in North Eastern Nigeria for wastewater treatment containing Lead (II) ion. The batch adsorption of Pb2+ in aqueous solutions onto hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (HDTMA-Br) bilayer modified clay (BMC), monolayer modified clay (MMC) and unmodified kaolinite clay (UKC) was studied at constant pH of 3 and stirring speed of 400 rpm. The results obtained showed the removal efficiencies of Pb2+ by BMC, MMC and UKC from the contaminated wastewater as 99.68%, 69.22%, and 34.70% respectively. The maximum adsorption capacity of Pb2+ contaminant onto BMC, MMC and UKC were 9.9681 mg/g, 6.9217 mg/g and 3.4700 mg/g at 180 minutes respectively.........

    Keywords - Contaminant, HDTMA-Br, Isotherms, Kaolinite clay, Kinetics.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Aroke U. O. || Onatola-Morakinyo S. || Ochimana I. E.and4Alhassan A. S.},
    title = {Removalof Lead (II) Ion onto Unmodified and HDTMA-Br Modified Kaolinite Clay: Equilibrium, Isotherm and Kinetic Studies},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {87-95},
    month = {October}
    }
    Volume 6 || Issue 10 || Version-2 October- 2017
    Paper Id ::
     610004
    Paper Title :: Lithofacies Analysis and Depositional Environments of the Waz Fields, Niger Delta, Nigeria
    Author Name :: Osayande, O. W. || Okengwu, K. O.
    Page Number :: 01-09
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610020109  

    Lithofacies analysisservesas a viable means of reconstructing the depositional environments of sedimentary bodies. Through core descriptions of the reservoir sand bodies, nine lithofacies types have been identified, namely: Fineto Medium GrainedSandstone Facies (FMS), Cross-bedded Fine to Medium Grained Sandstone Facies (CFMS), Sandy Heterolithic SandstoneFacies(SHS), Muddy Heterolithic SandstoneFacies(MHS), Mudstone Facies (MF), Medium to Coarse Grained Sandstone Facies (MCS), Bioturbated Fine to Medium Grained Sandstone (BFMS) and Coarse to Pebbly Grained Sandstone (CPS). Four types of facies associations (shoreface, channel deposits, braided bars and shelfalmuds) were inferred. The ichnofossils present were a preponderance of Ophiomorpha and Skolithos; occurring sparingly were the Planolites and Paleophycus.

    Keywords - Facies, Ichnofacies, Heterolithic, Lithofacies

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Osayande, O. W. || Okengwu, K. O.},
    title = {Lithofacies Analysis and Depositional Environments of the Waz Fields, Niger Delta, Nigeria},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {01-09},
    month = {October}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     610012
    Paper Title :: Sizing and Economic Assessment of Photovoltaic and Diesel
    Generator for Rural Nigeria
    Author Name :: Abaka J. U || Iortyer H.A || Ibraheem T. B
    Page Number :: 10-17
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610021017   

    Sizing and economic assessment of solar photovoltaic (PV) and diesel power generators for Igu village in Bwari, FCT-Abuja was carried out. Load survey of the site was carried out in order to get the actual solar radiation (using full PV, HT ITALIA 2010 analyzer), village load requirement and other sundry data (using structured questionnaire). An off-grid solar PV design was done for the village. Life cycle cost analysis was used to assess the economic viability of the PV and generating systems respectively using Music Macro Language (MML) to allow for the calculation and comparison of the levelised costs of electricity generation for the two systems............

    Keywords - Photovoltaic, diesel, assessment, economic, sizing.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Abaka J. U || Iortyer H.A || Ibraheem T. B},
    title = {Sizing and Economic Assessment of Photovoltaic and Diesel Generator for Rural Nigeria},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {10-17},
    month = {October}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     610019
    Paper Title :: Railway Systems Development Based on the Concept of Systems Engineering and Safety: A Case Study of Railway Industry Practices
    Author Name :: Young-Goo Baek || Jae C. Lee
    Page Number :: 18-29
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610021829   

    A railway system has been regarded as a means of safe and reliable transportation of human being and goods. However, as the running speed of the trains gets up and the mode of operation tends to be unattended, handling the complexity of the development together with safety assurance becomes a crucial issue. For this reason, systems engineering (SE)-based development of railway systems turned out to be a good candidate approach. As such, numerous attempts to accommodate SE knowledge have been made in Korea and abroad. SE activities have been forced to be performed in Light Rapid Transit projects in Korea. However, due to the lack of understanding of SE process or sometimes misunderstanding among various stakeholders of the railway systems, SE has not been applied properly..............

    Keywords - Railway Systems Development, Requirements Management, Safety, Systems Engineering, Verification and Validation.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Young-Goo Baek || Jae C. Lee},
    title = {Railway Systems Development Based on the Concept of Systems Engineering and Safety: A Case Study of Railway Industry Practices},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {18-29},
    month = {October}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     610006
    Paper Title :: Spectroscopic Properties of Eu3+ Doped in Yttrium Zinc Lithium
    Bismuth Borate Glasses
    Author Name :: S.L.Meena
    Page Number :: 30-36
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610023036   

    Glass sample of Yttrium Zinc Lithium Bismuth Borate (20-x) Bi2O3:15Li2O:15ZnO:10Y2O3:40 B2O3: x Eu2O3. (where x=1,1.5,2 mol%) have been prepared by melt-quenching technique. The amorphous nature of the prepared glass samples was confirmed by X-ray diffraction. The absorption spectra of three Eu3+ doped yttrium zinc lithium bismuth borate glasses have been recorded at room temperature. The various interaction parameters like Slater-Condon parameters FK (k=2,4,6), Lande' parameter (ξ4f), nephelauexetic ratio (β'), bonding parameter
    (b1/2) and Racah parameters EK (k=1,2 3) have been computed. Judd-Ofelt intensity parameters and laser parameters have also been calculated. The large stimulated emission cross-section in bismuth borate glasses suggests the possibility of utilizing these systems as laser materials.

    Keywords -Yttrium Zinc lithium bismuth borate glasses, Energy interaction parameters, Optical properties, Judd-Ofelt analysis.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {S.L.Meena},
    title = {Spectroscopic Properties of Eu3+ Doped in Yttrium Zinc Lithium Bismuth Borate Glasses},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {30-36},
    month = {October}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     610009
    Paper Title :: Characterisation of Galvanic Sludge from Hot Dip Galvanising
    Process for Metal Surface Treatment
    Author Name :: Bala I. Abdulkarim || Mohd A. Abu-Hassan || Raja R.K. Ibrahim || Muhammad. A. A. Zaini || Abubakar M. Ali || Ali S. Hussein || Sheila M. Su || MuhdAzril I. Mohd Halim
    Page Number :: 37-40
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610023740   

    Galvanic sludge is generated from Hot Dip Galvanizing (HDG)process during metal surface treatment. The sludge is a heavy metal laden waste that require efficient treatment to meet up with increasingly stringent environmental regulation, but this cannot be achieved without proper investigation into the properties of the sludge. This research work characterised galvanic sludge from KISWIRE Sdn Bhd so as to determine the physiochemical and other relevant properties of the sludge prior to treatment in a direct current transfer arc low thermal plasma. The characterisation is required to determine the extent of treatment using thermal plasma technique. The result of proximate analysis reveals the galvanic sludge to have 67.055%, 11.485% 19.30%, and 2.16% (as air dry basis) of moisture content, volatile matter, ash content andfixed carbon respectively..............

    Keywords - Galvanic Sludge, MoistureContent, Heavy Metals, Ultimate Analysis.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Bala I. Abdulkarim || Mohd A. Abu-Hassan || Raja R.K. Ibrahim || Muhammad. A. A. Zaini || Abubakar M. Ali || Ali S. Hussein || Sheila M. Su || MuhdAzril I. Mohd Halim},
    title = {Characterisation of Galvanic Sludge from Hot Dip Galvanising Process for Metal Surface Treatment},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {37-40},
    month = {October}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     610018
    Paper Title :: Coupling HYDRUS and MODFLOW for studying Environmental Impact of Wastewater Ponds in Tenth of Ramadan City, Egypt
    Author Name :: R. Hussien || K.Hagagg || A.M. El-Aassar
    Page Number :: 41-54
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610024154   

    Pollution from Industrial waste has become an increasingly serious problem in the developing countries, by posing harm to the human being health and the environment. 10th of Ramadan city considered the first industrial city established in Egypt, all types of wastewater discharged into the oxidation ponds for further treatment. This paper aims at evaluating the impact of the oxidation bonds on the groundwater system in this city, through coupling HYDRUS and MODFLOW for studying contaminates transport in both the unsaturated and saturated zone. The contamination degree of the 15 water samples collected from the wastewater of the oxidation ponds and groundwater wells revealed that both of them are highly contaminated with heavy metals...............

    Keywords - Industrial waste, Pollution, Environmental Impact, HYDRUS-1D, MODFLOW-3D.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {R. Hussien || K.Hagagg || A.M. El-Aassar},
    title = {Coupling HYDRUS and MODFLOW for studying Environmental Impact of Wastewater Ponds in Tenth of Ramadan City, Egypt},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {41-54},
    month = {October}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     69066
    Paper Title :: Mobile Learning Affects on the Future Education
    Author Name :: Ahmed Said Ahmed Ashit || Salah Saad Zarrouk || Khalid Atih Awn Akwire
    Page Number :: 55-57
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610025557   

    New instructive advancements (like Mobile phone) can give extensive volumes of data and information to learners and conquer the restrictions of time and space, this makes a circumstance where learning happens quicker, less demanding, better and more economical. With the rapid technology developing traditional learning methods become less affective, at the same time mobile learning turned into useful way that the student used for learning, this way changed the environment of education, by adding technology to education, it makes the education more usable, entertainment and available for everyone. However, this method has some disadvantages, in this paper we study the affect of mobile learning in the future of education, this effect will be both either positive or negative, and we will see the probability that if the mobile learning will replace the traditional learning, especially in young student.

    Keywords - E-learning, education, mobile learning, education technology.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Ahmed Said Ahmed Ashit || Salah Saad Zarrouk || Khalid Atih Awn Akwire},
    title = {Mobile Learning Affects on the Future Education},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {55-57},
    month = {October}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     67029
    Paper Title :: High voltage lines: energy losses in insulators
    Author Name :: Alphonse Omboua || Haroun Abba Labane
    Page Number :: 58-62
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610025862   

    In the case of high voltage lines, the role of insulators is twofold: to support the weight and tensile forces of the electrical cables and then to maintain the isolation distance between the live conductors and the metal pylons. Overhead lines and substations in power transmission systems are exposed to various constraints including pollution of insulators which is a factor of energy loss especially during bad weather. Dust, acids, salts and other pollutants found in the atmosphere are deposited on the insulators and thus reduce their insulating properties.Indeed, in times of rain or fog, the polluting deposits that attach to the insulating surfaces considerably reduce the surface resistivity of the insulators and the bypass by the electric arcs can then occur.This article explains the problem and lays down the calculation bases for an evaluation of these energy losses in insulators of high voltage lines.

    Keywords - Pollution, insulators, energy losses, power lines.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Alphonse Omboua || Haroun Abba Labane},
    title = {High voltage lines: energy losses in insulators},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {58-62},
    month = {October}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     610015
    Paper Title :: Design and Simulation of Local Area Network Using Cisco Packet Tracer
    Author Name :: Nathaniel S. Tarkaa || Paul I. Iannah || Isaac T. Iber
    Page Number :: 63-77
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610026377   

    Computer networks have become extremely important in our present-day society. A majority of companies depend on the proper functioning of their networks for communications, administration, automation, e-business solutions, etc. The Local Area Network (LAN) is the most basic and important computer network owned by individual companies and could be used for interconnection with wide area networks. A LAN permits effective cost sharing of high-value data processing equipment such as mass storage media, mainframe computers or minicomputers, and high-speed printers. Resource sharing is probably equally as important where a LAN serves as the access vehicle for an intranet or the Internet. In view of this, system managers need professional tools to help them with the design and maintenance of LANs................

    Keywords - Computer Networks, IP Addresses, Ping Test, Simulation Tool, Subnetting, VLANs.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Nathaniel S. Tarkaa || Paul I. Iannah || Isaac T. Iber},
    title = {Design and Simulation of Local Area Network Using Cisco Packet Tracer},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {63-77},
    month = {October}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     610016
    Paper Title :: Development of a Power Prediction Model and Integration with Maximum Power Point Tracking for Photovoltaic System Using Intelligent Techniques
    Author Name :: Modu M. Ibrahim || Prof. J. D. Jiya || Dr. B. U. Musa || Idakwo O. Harrison
    Page Number :: 78-88
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610027888   

    Among the renewable energy resources, the energy due to the photovoltaic (PV) has become increasingly popular as the desire for clean energy has grown. This study addresses the effect of weather variability in predicting solar PV power generation and is build based on the premise that performance can be improved when solar PV generation system is integrated by interfacing it with maximum power point tracking (MPPT) system. The power prediction model and the maximum power point tracking controller is designed using adaptive neuro – fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) and fuzzy logic (FL) respectively. The ANFIS based power prediction model incorporates a PV module, MPPT controller and a DC – DC boost converter..............

    Keywords - Intelligent technique, Maximum power point tracking, Power Prediction model, Scenario.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Modu M. Ibrahim || Prof. J. D. Jiya || Dr. B. U. Musa || Idakwo O. Harrison},
    title = {Development of a Power Prediction Model and Integration with Maximum Power Point Tracking for Photovoltaic System Using Intelligent Techniques},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {78-88},
    month = {October}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     610021
    Paper Title :: Identification of Environmental Changes With NDVI and LST Parameters in Pakpak Bharat Regency by Using Remote Sensing Technique
    Author Name :: Togi Tampubolon || Juniar Hutahaean || Randy W Silalahi
    Page Number :: 89-97
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610028997   

    This research was done using satellite imagery. It was aimed to reduce its sustainable impact on environmental damage. Research method was field survey and the use of landsat 8 OLI satellite data. Data analysis was done by remote sensing techniques. Results showed that a decrease in the greenness of vegetation, and an increase in temperature. The relationship between NDVI and LST is inversely proportional. From the research, it can be concluded that the environmental damage has been identified in Pakpak Bharat.

    Keywords - Pakpak Bharat Regency, Environmental Change, 8 OLI Landsat, Temperature (LST), NDVI.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Togi Tampubolon || Juniar Hutahaean || Randy W Silalahi},
    title = {Identification of Environmental Changes With NDVI and LST Parameters in Pakpak Bharat Regency by Using Remote Sensing Technique},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {89-97},
    month = {October}
    }
    Volume 6 || Issue 10 || Version-3 October- 2017
    Paper Id ::
     610026
    Paper Title :: Policy Implementation of Kendari City Government In Empowering the Poor Society (Case Study the Civil Brotherhood Policy)
    Author Name :: Andi Syaiful Zainal || Muh. Syarif || Syamsul Alam || Hasan Aedy
    Page Number :: 01-06
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610030106   

    This study aims to determine and analyze the implementation of civil brotherhood policy in empowering the poor in Kendari City. This research uses a qualitative approach to reveal the facts of implementation of civil fraternal policy in empowering the poor in Kendari City. Data collection techniques through observation, in-depth interviews and document studies. The research data is analyzed descriptively qualitative. The result of the study shows that the implementation of civil fraternity policy in empowering the poor as much as 30.2% in Kendari City can be done through four aspects of empowerment namely: employment; housing; education and mental spiritual; and aspects of housekeeping. Implementation of civil fraternity policy can reduce poverty rate in Kendari City.

    Keywords - Policy, Implementation, Brotherhood, Civil, Society, Poor.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Andi Syaiful Zainal || Muh. Syarif || Syamsul Alam || Hasan Aedy},
    title = {Policy Implementation of Kendari City Government In Empowering the Poor Society (Case Study the Civil Brotherhood Policy)},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {01-06},
    month = {October}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     610029
    Paper Title :: Development of Low Cost Conductive Ink for Kid Education Toy (KiEduInk)
    Author Name :: M.H.Jali || N.Saparwan || S.N.S. Hud || A.Ismail || N.S.Maslan || R.Ghazali || Z.H.Bohari
    Page Number :: 07-11
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610030711   

    Nowadays gadgets are the number one source for parent to use to educate their children and also for their daily entertainment, but the gadget itself can affect the brain growth of their kids by using the gadget for a long period of time, which their kid will be expose to excessive light and some radio wave that emitted from their gadget. Our objective is to make an attractive educational application according to the current technology outside and to make sure it is affordable for all family standards. With the conductive ink in the market, it may help parents to use it and replace the gadgets for their kid education. With the using of conductive ink, it can boost their kid creativity by making their own way of learning and to make sure everything their doing is perfectly safe to avoid worrying for parents. Because conductive ink are water-based paint and it is nontoxic, easy to wash and it versatile so can be use it anywhere.

    Keywords - ............

    @article{key:article,
    author = {M.H.Jali || N.Saparwan || S.N.S. Hud || A.Ismail || N.S.Maslan || R.Ghazali || Z.H.Bohari},
    title = {Development of Low Cost Conductive Ink for Kid Education Toy (KiEduInk)},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {07-11},
    month = {October}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     610040
    Paper Title :: The Effect of Dielectric Matrix Electric Field on the Electron Detrapping In ZNS Particles: Modeling and Analysis
    Author Name :: SeongMin Kim
    Page Number :: 12-15
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610031215   

    The finite element method was used to calculate electric potential within ZnS particles (diameter: ~ 30 μm) surrounded by a dielectric matrix with various charges. The dielectric matrix used in the simulation is nylon, polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA), polyimide (PI), polyethylene, polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), polyvinyl chloride (PVC), PVDF_10 (polyvinylidene fluoride) and PVDF_50. As a result, the trapped electrons of ZnS in the PTFE dielectric matrix can be more freely moved to the conduction band, assuming that the PTFEhas the highest potential gradient that can detrapelectrons better at shallow trap levels among other dielectric matrices.

    Keywords - Dielectric matrix, electric field, detrapping, ZnS particle.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {SeongMin Kim},
    title = {The Effect of Dielectric Matrix Electric Field on the Electron Detrapping In ZNS Particles: Modeling and Analysis},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {12-15},
    month = {October}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     610041
    Paper Title :: Recycled Plastic Fibers for Minimizing Plastic Shrinkage Cracking of Cement Based Mortar
    Author Name :: B.S. Al-Tulaian || M. J. Al-Shannag || A.M. Al-Hozaimy
    Page Number :: 16-25
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610031625   

    The development of new construction materials using recycled plastic is important to both the construction and the plastic recycling industries. Manufacturing of fibers from industrial or postconsumer plastic waste is an attractive approach with such benefits as concrete performance enhancement, and reduced needs for land filling. The main objective of this study is to investigate the effect of Plastic fibers obtained locally from recycled waste on plastic shrinkage cracking of ordinary cement based mortar. Parameters investigated include: fiber length ranging from 20 to 50 mm, and fiber volume fraction ranging from 0% to 1.5% by volume...............

    Keywords - Mortar, plastic, shrinkage cracking, compressive strength, RF recycled fibers.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {B.S. Al-Tulaian || M. J. Al-Shannag || A.M. Al-Hozaimy},
    title = {Recycled Plastic Fibers for Minimizing Plastic Shrinkage Cracking of Cement Based Mortar},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {16-25},
    month = {October}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     610045
    Paper Title :: The Future and Importance of Establishing Space and Satellite Engineering In Turkey
    Author Name :: Enes Günaltılı || Hatice Canan Güngör || Ahmet Akdemir
    Page Number :: 26-34
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610032634   

    In this study, the future and importance of the establishing space and satellite engineering in Turkey are analyzed in various points of view with the help of former studies, comprehensive research, and inspection of the system. In this manner, firstly space and satellite technologies and importance of these technologies are defined and emphasized. Then, space and satellite technologies in Turkey and the world are compared technically by looking at the curriculum of the universities of the world and Turkey. This comparison is between universities which have space and satellite engineering around Turkey and the world, shows necessities to have this kind of departments in universities................

    Keywords - Space Engineering, Engineering Education, Satellite and Space Education Curriculum, Turkey's 2023 plan

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Enes Günaltılı || Hatice Canan Güngör || Ahmet Akdemir},
    title = {The Future and Importance of Establishing Space and Satellite Engineering In Turkey},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {26-34},
    month = {October}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     610048
    Paper Title :: Assessment of Self Perceived Awareness about Digital Display Terminals
    Author Name :: Aryender Singh
    Page Number :: 35-36
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610033536   

    Use of digital display devices has become routine and is being used by a major proportion of the population. Also, the side effects of the digital technology are becoming widespread simultaneously. The measures to make the users aware about these ill effects and the methods to curtail them do not seem to be stringent. Hence, this short survey was conducted to assess the self-perceived awareness about the availability and use of the digital display terminals. It was observed that the use of smart phones is the most common among the digital devices studied and majority of the users are using them for very long durations per day.

    Keywords - Blue light, Digital display terminals, Digital eye syndrome.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Aryender Singh},
    title = {Assessment of Self Perceived Awareness about Digital Display Terminals},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {35-36},
    month = {October}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     69021
    Paper Title :: Finite Element Analysis for Single Cell Temperature Measurement using PZT-Integrated Micro-capacitive Sensor
    Author Name :: Auwal Shehu Tijjani || Abdullahi Yusuf Sada || Yusuf Abdullahi Badamasi || Mahboob Zakariya || Yusuf Abdurrahman Sambo
    Page Number :: 37-45
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610033745   

    Analysis at a cellular level is an integral aspect that gives a clear understanding of a single cell's health condition as well as its internal metabolism. However, the field of genetics revealed nothing on single cell temperature analysis. In this paper, we proposed a noble technique for single cell temperature measurement using lead zirconate titanate (PZT) integrated microcapacitive sensor. The microcapacitive sensor has been modelled numerically and validated based on the current literatures. The sensor has been optimised by using parabolic geometry and integrated with PZT material for optimal separation between the sensor plates without having contact with the cell under investigation................

    Keywords - Disease diagnosis, Finite element analysis, Microcapacitive, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Sensor, Single cell analysis.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Auwal Shehu Tijjani || Abdullahi Yusuf Sada || Yusuf Abdullahi Badamasi || Mahboob Zakariya || Yusuf Abdurrahman Sambo},
    title = {Finite Element Analysis for Single Cell Temperature Measurement using PZT-Integrated Micro-capacitive Sensor},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {37-45},
    month = {October}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     610043
    Paper Title :: The Effects of Body Mass Index BMI on Human Gait Analysis
    Author Name :: Sadiq J. Abass || Jaffar N. Jaffar || Muthanna M. Ghazi
    Page Number :: 46-54
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610034654   

    Due to the increasing obesity rate, it is crucial to investigate repetitive loading consequences at the lower extremity. The aim of this study was to identify possible relationship between body mass index and gait parameters.60 male adults with good health were recruited for this study. Two-dimensional gait system of a synchronized 60 Hz camera with an AMTI force platform were used for measuring gait kinematics and kinetics while walking at a self-selectedspeed. Compared to normal weight participants, overweight and obese subjects showed decreased stride length and reduced walking speed with inverse weak significant correlation with body mass index. Allthe participants walked with similar joint angular displacements regardless of their weight status. The ground reaction forces with the exception of the maximum lateral force, were all increased as body mass index increased.................

    Keywords - Body mass index, Gait analysis, Kinematic, Kinetic, Obesity.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Sadiq J. Abass || Jaffar N. Jaffar || Muthanna M. Ghazi},
    title = {The Effects of Body Mass Index BMI on Human Gait Analysis},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {46-54},
    month = {October}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     610060
    Paper Title :: Palynological and Organic Geochemical Studies for Source Rock Characterisation and Evaluation of Mamu Formation in the Benin Flank of the Anambra Basin
    Author Name :: Ogbamikhumi Alexander || Igbinigie Nosa Samuel
    Page Number :: 55-60
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610035560   

    Organic geochemical and palynological studies were carried out to characterize and evaluate the source rock potentials of the Mamu Formation exposed at Benin flank of the Anambra Basin. Organic geochemical techniques and palynological studies were carried out to determine the organic matter richness, kerogen types, maturation, age and environment of deposition of the deposite. The analytical results of the studied samples reveals that the Total organic carbon content and Hydrogen Index (HI) ranged from 1.08 – 3.81wt% and 260 – 1005 mgHC/g respectively indicating that the samples are fair to good source rocks. The cross-plot of HI/OI indicates that they are predominantly of Type III/II kerogen.................

    Keywords - Palynology, Organic geochemistry, mamu Formation, Source rock, Anambra Basin.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Ogbamikhumi Alexander || Igbinigie Nosa Samuel},
    title = {Palynological and Organic Geochemical Studies for Source Rock Characterisation and Evaluation of Mamu Formation in the Benin Flank of the Anambra Basin},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {55-60},
    month = {October}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     610086
    Paper Title :: Role of Distributed Generation in Line Loss Minimization: Tamil Nadu -India
    Author Name :: Dr.S.Sambath || S.Ramya
    Page Number :: 61-67
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610036167   

    Attempts to reduce electricity cost, together with improving the efficiency of power distribution systems, have led power sectors to dealing with the problem of power loss minimization. Although losses in the system can never be entirely eliminated, they can be controlled and minimized in several ways. Research conducted in the last few decades has proven that an inclusion of Distributed Generation (DG) into distribution systems considerably lowers the level of power losses. Moreover, the choice of DG is even more attractive since it provides not only benefits in power loss minimization , but also a wide range of other advantages including environment, economic, power qualities and technical issues..................

    Keywords - Distribution system, power distribution economics,distributed generation, load flow analysis, Optimal Location ,power losses.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Dr.S.Sambath || S.Ramya},
    title = {Role of Distributed Generation in Line Loss Minimization: Tamil Nadu -India},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {61-67},
    month = {October}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     610063
    Paper Title :: Role of Distributed Generation in Line Loss Minimization: Tamil Nadu -India
    Author Name :: Dr.S.Sambath || S.Ramya
    Page Number :: 68-74
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610036874   

    Attempts to reduce electricity cost, together with improving the efficiency of power distribution systems, have led power sectors to dealing with the problem of power loss minimization. Although losses in the system can never be entirely eliminated, they can be controlled and minimized in several ways. Research conducted in the last few decades has proven that an inclusion of Distributed Generation (DG) into distribution systems considerably lowers the level of power losses. Moreover, the choice of DG is even more attractive since it provides not only benefits in power loss minimization , but also a wide range of other advantages including environment, economic, power qualities and technical issues..................

    Keywords - Distribution system, power distribution economics,distributed generation, load flow analysis, Optimal Location ,power losses.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Dr.S.Sambath || S.Ramya},
    title = {Role of Distributed Generation in Line Loss Minimization: Tamil Nadu -India},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {68-74},
    month = {October}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     610059
    Paper Title :: A Fast-Tracked Development Plan of Alpha Reservoir (A Partially Appraised Field, Niger Delta Basin) Through Integrated Studies
    Author Name :: Ogbamikhumi Alexander || Ahiwe Lawrence || Umeogu Ifekelunma
    Page Number :: 75-81
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610037581   

    The study field is a green field with limited well penetrations. The objective reservoir is a relatively shallow one, with five well penetrations. Two of the wells are wet while the rest penetrated hydrocarbon bearing intervals. Well logs acquired in one of the wells show the presence of gas. Assessment of sidewall samples and ditch cuttings further validated the presence of gas in the reservoir. However, no contact has been logged from any of the wells. 3D static modelling captured static uncertainties of the reservoir following identification of limitations to reservoir development (key amongst which are the fluid contact uncertainty of 103ft between Gas-Down-To and Water-Up-To, and structure).................

    Keywords - Fluid Contact, hydrostatic pressure, Partially Appraised Field, Water Up To, Gas Down To.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Ogbamikhumi Alexander || Ahiwe Lawrence || Umeogu Ifekelunma},
    title = {A Fast-Tracked Development Plan of Alpha Reservoir (A Partially Appraised Field, Niger Delta Basin) Through Integrated Studies},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {75-81},
    month = {October}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     610062
    Paper Title :: Water Defluoridation Efficiency of Clays From North Central Nigeria: Preliminary Reportfrom Langtang And Environs
    Author Name :: AbusuChristianaOhwofasa || Muhammad Abdullahi Kana || SchoeneichKrzystof || IbrahimAliyu Abdu || Dibal Hassan Usman
    Page Number :: 82-88
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610038288   

    Cases of fluorosis caused by ingestion of water with high fluoride content in parts of northern Nigeria have been confirmed and the use of clays in defluoridation of water in other parts of the world is documented. Thispilot study was conducted in an attempt to view the efficiency of locally sourced clays for remediation of fluoridated water. Three clays were chosen based on their availability close to Langtang, an area of endemic fluorosis which is located around latitude 9°9ˈN and longitude 9°48ˈE in the southern part of Plateau State, North Central Nigeria. Clays from Shendam, Pushit and Mper with fluoride contents 495, 390 and 601 ppm respectively were selected for fluoride remediation................

    Keywords - Fluorosis, fluoride, defluoridation, remediation

    @article{key:article,
    author = {AbusuChristianaOhwofasa || Muhammad Abdullahi Kana || SchoeneichKrzystof || IbrahimAliyu Abdu || Dibal Hassan Usman},
    title = {Water Defluoridation Efficiency of Clays From North Central Nigeria: Preliminary Reportfrom Langtang And Environs},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {82-88},
    month = {October}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     610078
    Paper Title :: Lithofacies types and textural properties of channel deposits found in Brahmaputra River towards the southern part of Majuli, Assam, India
    Author Name :: SumanSaikia
    Page Number :: 89-94
    :: 10.9790/1813-0610038994   

    The Brahmaputra River exhibits braided pattern during its journey through Assam and is marked by the development of various types of structural elements by the process of sediment transportation and deposition. The present study aims to investigate the various bedform features and lithofacies typesformed by the river and their textural properties in the southern part ofMajuli, Assam. The bedform features includes ripples, mega ripples, scour pools, mud cracks, water level cut marks etc. The lithofacies types found areSp, Sh, Sr, St, Sl and Sc. Grain size analysis indicates that mean size(Mz) of the sediments range from fine sand to medium sand(1.68Ф to 2.77Ф).Most of the sediments are well sorted and finely skewed while the frequency polygon curves show leptokurtic curves.

    Keywords - ...........

    @article{key:article,
    author = {SumanSaikia},
    title = {Lithofacies types and textural properties of channel deposits found in Brahmaputra River towards the southern part of Majuli, Assam, India},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2017},
    volume = {6},
    number = {10},
    pages = {89-94},
    month = {October}
    }