Series - 1 [February- 2019]

Paper Title :: Antibacterial studies of Th(IV) complexes with 1-para and 1- ortho – substituted tetrazoline-5-thione ligands at PH < 7
Author Name :: Lukusa Mukunayi C || BanokaNsona J || Kakule Kasereka || Kanda Santosh kumar || Manoj Ranjan || Abhay kumar || Randhir kumar
Page Number :: 01-02
:: 10.9790/1813-0802010102   

Some Th(IV) complexes with 1-para and 1-ortho substituted tetrazoline-5-thione at PH<7 have tested as antibacterial agents.

Keywords :Th(IV),1-p-cl-PT5TH(1-para-chlorophenyltetrazoline-5-thione),1-o-cl-PT5TH(1-orthochlorophenyltetrazoline- 5-thione),zone of inhibition.

@article{key:article,
author = {Santosh kumar || Manoj Ranjan || Abhay kumar || Randhir kumar},
title = {Antibacterial studies of Th(IV) complexes with 1-para and 1- ortho – substituted tetrazoline-5-thione ligands at PH < 7},
journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
year = {2019},
volume = {08},
number = {2},
pages = {01-02},
month = {February}
}
Paper Title :: Knowledge on Artificial Intelligence and Related Fields among Engineering Students
Author Name :: Dishant S. Rathi || Suresh K Rathi
Page Number :: 03-10
:: 10.9790/1813-0802010310   

Artificial Intelligence and related fields (Machine Learning, Deep Learning, Natural Language Processing, Computer Vision, and Robotics) are continuously emerging out with new tremendous updates. In the context of these updates in the specific fields, we have limited resources (Public with Knowledge) to implement these modern technologies. Despite increases in computer-basedaccess and technology training, technology is not being used to support the kinds of instruction supportive. Engineering Students prefer to study a limited number of resources related to their contextual or subjective study and doesn't refer to reference material for in-depth study in a particular topic or field. The research uses data from 78 participants to come to a conclusion that students have lack or improper knowledge regarding these updates in technologies. The results show that only 6 (7.69 %) of the answered students (78) were up to the mark, which had gains of information based on current trends in these fields. The implication is deficiency of knowledge in students or resources for students

Keywords -Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Deep Learning, Robotics, Knowledge, Survey Study

@article{key:article,
author = {Dishant S. Rathi || Suresh K Rathi},
title = {Knowledge on Artificial Intelligence and Related Fields among Engineering Students},
journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
year = {2019},
volume = {08},
number = {2},
pages = {03-10},
month = {February}
}
Paper Title :: Ground Reaction Force At Athletic and Paralympic Runners – 3d_Grfs during Barefoot Running
Author Name :: Yasir F. Jabber || Asst. Pro. Dr. Sadiq J. Abbas || Dr. Ahmed S. Atea || Pro. Dr. Sareeh Al. Kareem
Page Number :: 11-16
:: 10.9790/1813-0802011116   

The subjects were classified into three groups: 10 male athletics runner, 4 female athletics runner, and 3 male paralympic runner (T45-47 (Upper limb/s affected by limb deficiency, impaired muscle power or impaired passive range of movement)). Data were captured using a Basler- scout motion analysis system (Innovision Systems, Columbiaville, MI, USA) and AMTI force platform (BP600900, AMTI Inc., Watertown, USA). Variability in groups was most marked during initial contact (IC). The mean peak of Vertical GRF components was (372.920N), (357.717N) and (271.343N) in male athletics runner, male Paralympic runner and female athletics runner respectively. At the toe-off (TO), a male Paralympic runner was the highest. The mean peak vertical and anterior-posterior ground reaction forces of the male Paralympic subjects at push off were lower.

Keywords - Barefoot running, Amti, Paralympic runner, Motion capture, Innovision system

@article{key:article,
author = {Yasir F. Jabber || Asst. Pro. Dr. Sadiq J. Abbas || Dr. Ahmed S. Atea || Pro. Dr. Sareeh Al. Kareem },
title = {Ground Reaction Force At Athletic and Paralympic Runners – 3d_Grfs during Barefoot Running},
journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
year = {2019},
volume = {08},
number = {2},
pages = {11-16},
month = {February}
}
Paper Title :: Protection of Distribution Network
Author Name :: Humoud A. Alqattan || Adel H. Alsanad
Page Number :: 17-27
:: 10.9790/1813-0802011727   

In a typical electrical network, it is important to design a system complete with protection to prevent any abnormalities or fault occurrence to disturb the whole source of electrical to be shut down. Only a portion of effected part must be closed and fault duration at high current value should be carefully monitored. Overcurrent protection device discrimination play vital roles to ensure protective relay will react accordingly. In this paper introduces in practice some of protection concepts; it is based on real live problem which involves setting protection relays. The paper presents for the real problem carefully to identify the most important issues and then work suitable settings. The proposed algorithm has been tested to an 33/11kV Distribution Network. Some bus data have been tested and the tests result of the network was studied, analyzed and discussed. The algorithm has proven successfully fulfilled the discrimination requirement..

Keywords :Inverse definite minimum time, overcurrent relay, discrimination time interval, setting current and time multiplier setting

@article{key:article,
author = {Humoud A. Alqattan || Adel H. Alsanad},
title = {Protection of Distribution Network},
journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
year = {2019},
volume = {08},
number = {2},
pages = {17-27},
month = {February}
}
Paper Title :: Effect of Traditional Processing Methods on Pesticide Residue Dissipation in Cowpea (Vigna Unguikulata)
Author Name :: Aondona, M. M. || Orkuma, T. S || Leva, I. U. || Akpe, M. E.
Page Number :: 28-36
:: 10.9790/1813-0802012836   

The Effect of traditional processing method (soaking,dehulling, and boiling) on proximate, anti-nutrients, pirimiphos-methyl powder content in cowpeaand the functional properties were investigated. The processed samples were subjected to standard analytical methods. Result from the proximate composition of cowpea is shown in table 1. The crude protein, crude fibre, Ash, carbohydrate were decreased significantly at p 0.05 with ranges 25.72-23.56%,1.86-1.55%,8.21-7.01%,54.44-50.60% respectively while the fat, and moisture content increased slightly at p 0.05 with ranges 3.50-3.73%,9.83-9.54% respectively. Results of anti-nutrients are shown in table 2. The values of the anti-nutrients (oxalate, phytate, saponins, tannins, phenolics) decreased significantly at p 0.05 with ranged between2.93-2.01%, 1.44-1.06%,4.23-4.11%,0.66-0.44%, 11.22-10.60% respectively. The pirimiphos-methyl powder

Keywords -Traditionalprocessing methods, Pesticide Residue, Cowpea, and Anti-nutrients, proximate

@article{key:article,
author = {Aondona, M. M. || Orkuma, T. S.1Leva, I. U. || Akpe, M. E.},
title = {Effect of Traditional Processing Methods on Pesticide Residue Dissipation in Cowpea (Vigna Unguikulata)},
journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
year = {2019},
volume = {08},
number = {2},
pages = {28-36},
month = {February}
}
Paper Title :: Impact of Building Opening Design on Natural Ventilation Performance in Futsal Building at Surabaya
Author Name :: Rusyd I. I. || Defiana I. || Noerwasito V. T.
Page Number :: 37-46
:: 10.9790/1813-0802013746   

In general, futsal buildings in urban areas have character that tends to maximize the field, a futsal building with a wide span appears that has 2,3 to 4 fields. Such conditions give rise to low wind speeds, causing problems with natural ventilation performance, especially ventilation rates and air distribution within the futsal building. This research is an experimental study using CFD simulation, with ANSYS 16.0 software. Model with 4 field with treatment ratio of inlet opening area to outlet opening ratio of 1:1, outlet opening position on the side and rear walls and openings configuration with a pattern of 1 outlet openings on each wall, having the highest ventilation rates, ie 27.97 m3/s. Model with 2 field have the highest air distribution conditions. Model 2 field with treatment ratio of inlet opening area to outlet opening area of 1/3:1, position of outlet openings on the side and rear walls and configuration of openings with a pattern of 1 outlet opening on each wall, having the highest air distribution condition, namely 86%.

Keywords -opening design, futsal indoor, CFD simulation, natural ventilation.

@article{key:article,
author = {Rusyd I. I. || Defiana I. || Noerwasito V. T.},
title = {Impact of Building Opening Design on Natural Ventilation Performance in Futsal Building at Surabaya},
journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
year = {2019},
volume = {08},
number = {2},
pages = {37-46},
month = {February}
}
Paper Title :: Health and Safety Standards Implementation on Construction Firms operating in Oyo State, Nigeria
Author Name :: Abass J.O. || Musa Shamsudeen || Babalola Anthony A
Page Number :: 47-51
:: 10.9790/1813-0802014751   

This study aimed at identifying and cataloging the numerous managerial strategies adopted for the effective management of health and safety standards in construction firms operating in Oyo state, Nigeria. The research further examines the factors responsible for the level of implementation of health and safety regulation, assesses the current level of implementation of health and safety regulations in the Nigerian construction industry and highlighted the steps that could be taken to ensure that both management and staff enjoy the potential benefits of the full implementation of the regulations. Fifty (50) questionnaires were administered; 35 copies were returned and used for the analysis using SPSS version 16 and ranked using Mean Item Scoring to rank the variables. It concludes that government should set up a safety review commission.........

Keywords : Health and safety, Construction, Implementation, Standards, Construction Firms

@article{key:article,
author = {Abass J.O. || Musa Shamsudeen || Babalola Anthony A},
title = {Health and Safety Standards Implementation on Construction Firms operating in Oyo State, Nigeria},
journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
year = {2019},
volume = {08},
number = {2},
pages = {47-51},
month = {February}
}
Paper Title :: Estimation of Breakdown Voltage for Silicon Rubber under Various Salinities
Author Name :: A. S Mahmmoud || L. S Nasrat || A. A Ibrahim
Page Number :: 52-55
:: 10.9790/1813-0802015255   

Due to the importance of polymeric materials for other traditional insulating materials such as glass and porcelain, as well as they are widespread in the manufacture of electrical insulators. It would have been better to find the values of the breakdown voltage of polymer by experimental method and study the effect of weather on the breakdown voltage to choose the optimal value from the filler. The silicone rubber was chosen which has good insulating properties. ATH filler added to the silicone rubber material at different rates 0%, 10%, 15%, 20%, 25%, 30% and 35%, respectively. These samples are tested for the break down voltage to determine the optimum ratio of ATH to be added to the silicon rubber. Thispaper considers the natural phenomena that are exposed to the insulation in working life so it exposed to different temperatures (0, 25 and 70 ° C) at dry and wet condition. Also the samples exposed to saline water with different salinities5000, 20000 and 54000 μS/cm.

@article{key:article,
author = {A. S Mahmmoud || L. S Nasrat || A. A Ibrahim},
title = {Estimation of Breakdown Voltage for Silicon Rubber under Various Salinities},
journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
year = {2019},
volume = {08},
number = {2},
pages = {52-55},
month = {February}
}
Paper Title :: Effect of Contact Surface Normal Pressure on the Structural Behavior of Non-Symmetric Concrete Column Jackets
Author Name :: Mohamed A.Al-Azzouny || HishamA.El-Arabaty || Ahmed A.Korashy || Hany M. El-Shafie
Page Number :: 56-70
:: 10.9790/1813-0802015670   

The main objective of this research is an in-depth investigation of the effect of contact surface normal pressure on the structural behavior of columns strengthened by non-symmetric jackets used to strengthen edge and corner understrength columns. The relation between normal pressure and the developed shear stresses at the contact surface is studied in detail. Two different analytical techniques are introduced for the simulation of the contact surface between the original column and the concrete jacket. While the first technique utilizes an normal pressure assumption for the idealization of the shear transfer mechanismat the interface surface, the second technique is based on use of multiple shear-slip relationships at the contact surface, each corresponding to a specific level of normal pressure..........

Keywords -Strengthening Reinforced Concrete Columns, Non-Symmetric Concrete Jackets, Non-linear Analysis, Normal Pressure, Shear Transfer Mechanism, And Finite Element Method.

@article{key:article,
author = {Mohamed A.Al-Azzouny || HishamA.El-Arabaty || Ahmed A.Korashy || Hany M. El-Shafie },
title = {Effect of Contact Surface Normal Pressure on the Structural Behavior of Non-Symmetric Concrete Column Jackets},
journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
year = {2019},
volume = {08},
number = {2},
pages = {56-70},
month = {February}
}
Paper Title :: Bioeconomic Approach on Management of Squid (Loligo spp) Fishery Empirical Study at Kejawanan Archipelagic Fishing Port Cirebon Indonesia
Author Name :: Suharyanto || Arief Effendy || Astri Diana Ekasari
Page Number :: 71-74
:: 10.9790/1813-0802017174   

Squids (Loligo spp) is a kind of Indonesian export commodity, and is as a leading seafood product which landed at Kejawanan Archipelagic Fishing Port (AFP Kejawanan). Based on data of AFP Kejawanan 2015, production volume of squids was 2.775,26 tons or 66,24% from total production. This squids was catched by a Bouke ami. Bouke ami vessel was as much as 89 units or 83,18% from total number of fishing vessel in AFP Kejawanan. The squids production which landed at AFP Kejawanan potentially affects biological conditions and sustainability of squids fishing. This research was purposed to estimate Maximum Sustainable Yield (MSY), Effort Maximum Sustainable Yield (EMSY), Maximum Economic Yield (MEY), Effort Maximum EconomicYield (EMEY), Open Acces Equilibrium (OAE), and CatchOpen Acces (COA)..........

Keywords - Bioeconomic Approach, Bouke Ami, AFP Kejawanan, Squid.

@article{key:article,
author = {Suharyanto || Arief Effendy || Astri Diana Ekasari},
title = {Bioeconomic Approach on Management of Squid (Loligo spp) Fishery Empirical Study at Kejawanan Archipelagic Fishing Port Cirebon Indonesia},
journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
year = {2019},
volume = {08},
number = {2},
pages = {71-74},
month = {February}
}
Paper Title :: Digital Citizenship: KSF and Constraints in Traditional and Emerging Democracies
Author Name :: Yassine El Bahlouli
Page Number :: 75-78
:: 10.9790/1813-0802017578   

Digital citizenship is transforming the relation between governments and citizens around the world.According to Christopher G. Reddick *: "E-Governance: A dynamic process enhancing interactions between citizens, consumers, public administration, private sector, and third sector. It applies electronic means to foster such interaction between these actors." Digital citizenship involves new styles of leadership, new ways of debating and deciding policy and investment, new ways of accessing education, new ways of listening to citizens and new ways of organizing and delivering information and services. This essay provides an overview of Digital citizenship, a benchmark between traditional and emerging democraciesfocusing on various opportunities and risks that this innovation give rise to............

Keywords -Digital citizenship, E-Government, e-Governance, Innovation, Technology, Democracy, success, failure, Challenges.

@article{key:article,
author = {Yassine El Bahlouli},
title = {Digital Citizenship: KSF and Constraints in Traditional and Emerging Democracies},
journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
year = {2019},
volume = {08},
number = {02},
pages = {75-78},
month = {February}
}
Paper Title :: Preliminary Investigation of Water Treatment Using Moringa Oleifera Seeds Powder as Natural Coagulant: A Case Study of Belat River, Malaysia
Author Name :: Aziz Qannaf Aziz Zaid || Suriati Binti Ghazali
Page Number :: 79-85
:: 10.9790/1813-0802017985   

The increasing demand for potable drinking water has necessitated a need for an eco-friendly method of treatment. The Moringa oleifera is, therefore, an important commodity plant which has been traditionally used for the treatment of water in the tropical area. In this study the experimental procedure was conducted and operated at 200 rpm for 4 minutes, followed by 40 rpm for 30 minutes and 1 hour of sedimentation. The Jar tests carried out before and after treatment with Moringa Oleifera seed powder to evaluate the quality parameters such as pH, turbidity, conductivity, Total Dissolved Solid (TDS), Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD), Ammonia-Nitrogen (NH3-N) and Nitrate-Nitrogen........

Keywords - Bio-coagulant, Turbidity, Moringa oleifera seeds, Water treatment.

@article{key:article,
author = {Aziz Qannaf Aziz Zaid || Suriati Binti Ghazali},
title = {Preliminary Investigation of Water Treatment Using Moringa Oleifera Seeds Powder as Natural Coagulant: A Case Study of Belat River, Malaysia},
journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
year = {2019},
volume = {08},
number = {02},
pages = {79-85},
month = {February}
}
Paper Title :: Determination of the Oil Initial in Place, Reserves, and Production Performance of the Safsaf C Oil Reservoir
Author Name :: Saleh Ahmed || Khalid Elwegaa || MohanedHtawish || Haiat Alhaj
Page Number :: 86-97
:: 10.9790/1813-0802018697   

This study estimated the initial oil in place (OIIP) of SafsafCoil reservoir by using both volumetric methods and material balance equation. Also, oil reserves of this reservoir was estimated using production Decline Curve Analysis (DCA) method. First, three different volumetric techniques (Iso-pach method, Pore-volume method and Hydrocarbon pore volume method) were implemented in this study to estimate the initial oil in place. As these volumetric techniques depends on mapping for their calculation, so a powerful package software (Surfer) was used to generate maps. Second, Havelena and Odeh model was built as a Material Balance Equation (MBE) to estimate the initial oil in place. Field production history, PVT data and reservoir pressure history were prepared to apply the material balance equation...........

Keywords -Safsaf C reservoir; volumetric method; material balance equation; decline curve analysis; oil initial in place; reserves

@article{key:article,
author = {Saleh Ahmed || Khalid Elwegaa || MohanedHtawish || Haiat Alhaj},
title = {Determination of the Oil Initial in Place, Reserves, and Production Performance of the Safsaf C Oil Reservoir},
journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
year = {2019},
volume = {08},
number = {02},
pages = {86-97},
month = {February}
}