THE IJES
 
  •  
    Volume 07 || Issue 06 || Version-1 June- 2018
    Paper Id ::
     ..........
    Paper Title :: The Spectrum of Officer Like Qualities (Olqs) For Women
    Officers in Indian Armed Forces: Concerns And Contentions
    Author Name :: Ms. Sneha Kulkarni
    Page Number :: 01-08
    :: 10.9790/1813-0706010108   

    Contributing in Indian Armed Forces as an Officer is an apparent responsibility followed by the challenging scenarios both for serving men and women. With its ethos, in Indian Armed Forces, to be an Officer one must possess the Officer Like Qualities (OLQs) and ironically it is believed that such kinds of qualities are present in everyone, but responsiveness may alter from person to person. Substantially, the challenging environment in the Indian Armed Forces, its influence and individual thinking; together all develop a person as he or she is and with multi faceted service like Indian Armed Forces, it becomes absolute to have some special skills; like Honesty, Integrity, Leadership, Physical Fitness and Psychology with various intensities. This paper provides detailed suggestions for developing dynamic Officer Like Qualities in future officers, men and women. The paramount target of this paper is especially aspirant women and young scholars in general, having desire to join Indian Armed Forces; however authors with all level of proficiency may find useful intellection in the paper.

    Keywords - Women, Women Officers, Indian Armed Forces, OLQs, Officer, Leadership, Honesty, Integrity .

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Ms. Sneha Kulkarni},
    title = {The Spectrum of Officer Like Qualities (Olqs) For Women Officers in Indian Armed Forces: Concerns And Contentions},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {06},
    pages = {01-08},
    month = {June}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     ..........
    Paper Title :: Smart Pregnancy Detection for Cow Using MATLAB
    Author Name :: Prasanna Kumar.C || Shreyas J Shete || Madesha J || Nischith B N || Shreyas K.
    Page Number :: 09-16
    :: 10.9790/1813-0706010916  

    Pregnancy testing in cattle are of two types i.e., invasive and non-invasive. Invasive methods includes manual rectal palpation of the reproductive tract that causes risks to theoperator and pregnancy, transrectal ultrasonography of the reproductive tract, etc. andnon-invasive methods includes enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), radioimmunoassay (RIA) or latex agglutination (LA) tests, etc. As, invasive methods are harmful to either pregnant cowor a person who is performing the test or both and the existing non-invasive methods are notpreferred as it has low specificity, sensitivity and also difficult to handle the sample. Our main motto is to design a method which is non-invasive method which has better accuracy and can be operated by any unskilled person. Here, we present a simulation model of the design usingMATLAB. The pregnant state of the cow will be detected with less response time as soon as the data is fed into the code designed.

    Keywords - ECG(Electrocardiogram), ELISA(enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay), HPF(High pass filter),K-means, latex agglutination (LA). LPF(low pass filter), Principle components, RIA(radioimmunoassay).

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Prasanna Kumar.C || Shreyas J Shete || Madesha J || Nischith B N || Shreyas K.},
    title = {Smart Pregnancy Detection for Cow Using MATLAB},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {06},
    pages = {09-16},
    month = {June}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     ..........
    Paper Title :: Augmenting Moodle with Adaptability Environment Based On
    Learning Styles
    Author Name :: Mostafa Saleh || Reda Salama || Sayed Bokhary
    Page Number :: 17-23
    :: 10.9790/1813-0706011723  

    The Learning Management System (LMS) Moodle is currently the most popular software solution which provides many modules for various teaching and learning purposes. However, several aspects related to adapatbility are typically missing in Moodle. Personalization and Adaptation are among the main challenges in the field of e-learning. This paper presents a framework for extending Moodle to support adaptability by incorporating learning styles features to Moodle. We use the users module and lesson module from Moodle and add the extra modules of adaptation by adding modules based on student learning styles.

    Keywords - Adaptive e-learning, Learning Objects, Learning Styles, Student Models, Open Source LMS, Moodle, Personalized teaching model.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Mostafa Saleh || Reda Salama || Sayed Bokhary},
    title = {Augmenting Moodle with Adaptability Environment Based On Learning Styles},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {06},
    pages = {17-23},
    month = {June}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     ..........
    Paper Title :: Fast Multiple Frame Selection For H.265/HEVC Standard Based
    On Data Mining
    Author Name :: Hsiang-Chun Wang || Liang-Chun Chen || Chou-Chen Wang || Tung-Hung Hsieh
    Page Number :: 24-33
    :: 10.9790/1813-0706012433  

    The new H.265/HEVC video coding standard promotes the realization of 4K/8K ultrahigh definition (UHD)video applications. To improve the coding efficiency, H.265/HEVC allows motion estimation (ME) performing on multiple reference frames (MRF).Although the MRF can enhance the performance and allow the encoder to search a better reference frame from several previous pictures, the computational complexity of the MRF-based ME(MRF-ME) module dramatically increases.To accelerate the process of MRF prediction, we propose a fast MRF-ME algorithm based on data mining to speed up encoding process of H.265/HEVC encoder. Firstly, we find that there is a high temporal-spatial correlation existing in the MRF. Then, we find appropriate attributes from MRF-ME module and extract the corresponding data............

    Keywords - Video coding standard, Data mining, Motion estimation.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Hsiang-Chun Wang || Liang-Chun Chen || Chou-Chen Wang || Tung-Hung Hsieh},
    title = {Fast Multiple Frame Selection For H.265/HEVC Standard Based On Data Mining},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {06},
    pages = {24-33},
    month = {June}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     ..........
    Paper Title :: Towards A More Secure Least Significant Bit (LSB) Steganographic Method for Information Hiding
    Author Name :: Gabriel Kamau || Wilson Cheruiyot || Waweru Mwangi
    Page Number :: 34-46
    :: 10.9790/1813-0706013446  

    Although the LSB algorithm for information hiding exploits the weakness of the human vision sensitivity (HVS) to hide secret data in a cover medium, it is relatively vulnerable to statistical steganalysis thus increasing the possibility of an eavesdropper decoding and retrieving the hidden message. This is partly aided by the sequential nature in which the algorithm replaces the target least significant bits of the cover image with the bits of the secret message making it easy for a steganalysis tool to zero in the image bits which are out of pattern with the rest.............

    Keywords - Steganalysis, Steganographic, imperceptibility, Embedding, Capacity.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Gabriel Kamau || Wilson Cheruiyot || Waweru Mwangi},
    title = {Towards A More Secure Least Significant Bit (LSB) Steganographic Method for Information Hiding},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {06},
    pages = {34-46},
    month = {June}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     ..........
    Paper Title :: Bioactive Coumarins From The Leaves Of Murrayo Omphalo Carpa. A Review
    Author Name :: Mukul Chauhan || Priyanka Chauhan || Neha Saini
    Page Number :: 47-48
    :: 10.9790/1813-0706014748  

    Using antiplatelet aggregation as a guide to fractionation eight coumarins omphalocarpinol The chemical composition of the leaf oils of murraya koenigi spring and M. paniculata Jack from Bangladesh was studied by gas charotography mass spectroscopy ( G.C.M.S) M. Koeigii oil contained 39 compounds of with the major is 3 carene 154.2% followed by caryophylene (9.5%) oil of M. the study of the chemical constituents of the whole plant of geranium wallichianeum has resulted in the isolation and characterization of six copounds.

    Keywords - Murraya omphalocarpo, aggregation coumarin, steroid murraya, sitophilus Zeamais, Tribolium castaneum, steroid murraya, fumigant.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Mukul Chauhan || Priyanka Chauhan || Neha Saini},
    title = {Bioactive Coumarins From The Leaves Of Murrayo Omphalo Carpa. A Review},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {06},
    pages = {47-48},
    month = {June}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     ..........
    Paper Title :: A Dual Polarization Bow-Tie Slot Antenna For Broadband Communications
    Author Name :: chang-Ju Wu || i-Fong Chen || chia-Mei Peng || jwo-Shiun Sun
    Page Number :: 49-56
    :: 10.9790/1813-0706014956  

    A dual polarization bow-tie slot antenna for broadband communications is proposed in this paper. This antenna consists of two bow-tie slot antennas which is perpendicular to each other and with coplanar waveguide (CPW)-fed. The proposed antenna has a very simple antenna structure and wide impedance bandwidth (~ 400% for|S11|and|S22|≧ 10dB) which can cover the 1.5 ~ 6 GHz frequency band for Global Positioning System (GPS, 1575MHz) and dual ISM band (2.4GHz and 5.8GHz) applications. Good isolation between the two input ports (|S21|≧ 20dB) is also achieved at the operating band. The radiation pattern and efficiency of the proposed antenna are also measured, and radiation pattern data are compared with simulation results.

    Keywords - Broadband, dual polarization, isolation, slot antenna.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {chang-Ju Wu || i-Fong Chen || chia-Mei Peng || jwo-Shiun Sun},
    title = {A Dual Polarization Bow-Tie Slot Antenna For Broadband Communications},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {06},
    pages = {49-56},
    month = {June}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     ..........
    Paper Title :: Dilute Acid Hydrolysis of Cellulose Assisted By Microwave: How Chlorine and Irradiation Time Play an Important Role
    Author Name :: Ll. Gavilà || M.Constantí || F.Medina
    Page Number :: 57-61
    :: 10.9790/1813-0706015761  

    Cellulose hydrolysis assisted by microwave is lately receiving more attention. Most of these studies are carried out in aqueous phase, and the parameters which are analyzed are microwave power, irradiation time, catalyst nature, catalyst concentration and cellulose loadings. However, in this study, we show how small concentrations of chlorine enhance cellulose hydrolysis to glucose and levulinic acid, against huminlike compounds,at short reaction times and low temperature. As a result, the addition of an inexpensive salt such NaCl, reduces the processing times leading to a more sustainable process.

    Keywords - Cellulose,microwave, hydrolysis, sodium chloride.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Ll. Gavilà || M.Constantí || F.Medina},
    title = {Dilute Acid Hydrolysis of Cellulose Assisted By Microwave: How Chlorine and Irradiation Time Play an Important Role},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {06},
    pages = {57-61},
    month = {June}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     ..........
    Paper Title :: Measurement of Background Gamma Radiation Level of Udi, Enugu-South And Ezeagu Lgas Of Enugu State, Nigeria
    Author Name :: Gbarato, O. L. || Osimobi, J.C || Avwiri, G.O.
    Page Number :: 62-67
    :: 10.9790/1813-0706016267  

    A study of the external background radiation of Udi, Enugu-South and Ezeagu LGA's of Enugu State, Nigeria was carried out. An in-situ measurement using two Digilert Radiation Monitors: Radalart-50 and Radalart-100, was used to carry out this radiation measurement at the two solid mineral sites in the sampling state. The results of the background ionizing radiation measurementsfrom themeasurement points around each of the solid mineral sites in the study areas show that the exposure dose rate ranged from 0.010 mR/hr to 0.025 mR/hr with an average of 0.014 mR/hr at location 1 (Amagu-Umuene), 0.012 mR/hr to 0.022 mR/hr with an average of 0.0165mR/hr at the location 2 (Ogulogo-olo) and 0.011 mR/hr to 0.022 mR/hr with an average of 0.0153 mR/hr at location 3. The total average BIR from the three local government areas was found to be 0.0153 mR/hr. From the ongoing, it isrecommended that control mechanism be put in place to protect members of the public thatapproach the area as well as to protect theenvironment.

    Keywords - Radiation, Ionizing Radiation, Background Ionizing Radiation, GammaRadiation, Environment.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Gbarato, O. L. || Osimobi, J.C || Avwiri, G.O.},
    title = {Measurement of Background Gamma Radiation Level of Udi, Enugu-South And Ezeagu Lgas Of Enugu State, Nigeria},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {06},
    pages = {62-67},
    month = {June}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     ..........
    Paper Title :: Fukushima NPP Severe Accident Technical Lessons Learned And Somesafetymeasures For The Future
    Author Name :: Ibrahim S. Ibrahim
    Page Number :: 68-73
    :: 10.9790/1813-0706016873  

    The accident at the Fukushima-Daichii nuclear plant has generated worldwide debates and deeply raised public concern about the safety of nuclear power plants. The lessons to be drawn from the Fukushima accident are as follows. First, the accident was a result of the worst earthquake and tsunami in Japan's modern history Second, given the extraordinary magnitude of the initiating events (i.e. earthquake was 9.0 vs design 8.2, tsunami wave was 14 m vs design 5.7 m), the Fukushima-Daichii plant has performed relatively well in some respects and so far there is no evidence of major human errors in handling the crisis. It is noted that the containments at Units 1 and 3 have not failed, in spite of the exceptional loads they have been subject to. In fact, no loss of life has occurred as a result of the accident............

    Keywords - Accident/ Fukushima / Lessons / Earthquake/ Tsunami.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Ibrahim S. Ibrahim},
    title = {Fukushima NPP Severe Accident Technical Lessons Learned And Somesafetymeasures For The Future},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {06},
    pages = {68-73},
    month = {June}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     ..........
    Paper Title :: Actual and Potential Industrial Uses of Eucalyptus Wood in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Author Name :: Gemechu Kaba || Tsegaye Bekele || Mulugeta Limenih
    Page Number :: 74-79
    :: 10.9790/1813-0706017479  

    Demand for industrial forest products has risen sharply in Ethiopia in recent years due to population, urbanization and economic growth. In the past industrial wood product demand were covered by indigenous timber species, which now-a-days have declined due to unwise exploitation and deforestation. An alternative solution is planting of exotic fast growing species, and this has been promoted and utilized in the country to narrow down the gap between supply and demand. One of the exotic species most planted in Ethiopia is Eucalypt. Despite the abundance of wood from this species now in Ethiopia, its industrial uses are not wide and apparently face several challenges............

    Keywords - Acceptability, alternative species, Eucalyptus wood, industry, factories.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Gemechu Kaba || Tsegaye Bekele || Mulugeta Limenih},
    title = {Actual and Potential Industrial Uses of Eucalyptus Wood in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {06},
    pages = {74-79},
    month = {June}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     ..........
    Paper Title :: From Municipal Solid Waste to Energy: Possibilities in Abidjan (Côte d'Ivoire)
    Author Name :: Bodjui Olivier ABO || Moussa BAKAYOKO || Loissi KALAKODIO || Mesmin J. MBYAMM KIKI || Ehounoudmessou Joseph AKA
    Page Number :: 80-87
    :: 10.9790/1813-0706018087  

    The demand in electrical energy in Cote d'Ivoire is insufficient, the search of energy from alternatives sources is therefore necessary, through the diversification of energy sources and the gradual replacement of energy sources where it is necessary and possible. That is the moment where renewable energies could be involved, particularly biomass or bioenergy. Municipal solid wastes (food remains, papers, plastics, household refuse...) are suitable substrates for the production of energy............

    Keywords - Municipal Solid Waste, scenario, Energy recovery, electricity production.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Bodjui Olivier ABO || Moussa BAKAYOKO || Loissi KALAKODIO || Mesmin J. MBYAMM KIKI || Ehounoudmessou Joseph AKA},
    title = {From Municipal Solid Waste to Energy: Possibilities in Abidjan (Côte d'Ivoire)},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {06},
    pages = {80-87},
    month = {June}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     ..........
    Paper Title :: Enhancement of Lipid Accumulation in Chlorella Sp. Farming Culture Held in Open Photobioreactors
    Author Name :: José Franciraldo De Lima || Alexandre José De Melo Queiroz || Rossana Maria Feitosa De Figueiredo || Railene Hérica Carlos Rocha Araújo || Wagner Rodrigo De Souza || Adeilton Pereira Maciel
    Page Number :: 88-99
    :: 10.9790/1813-0706018899  

    Microalgae are recognized as source for renewable and environmental-friendly alternative to fossil fuels. Chlorella sp. are algae capable of accumulating lipids in specific growth conditions. In this study, it was established the growth conditions required for a new strain of Chlorella to accumulate biomass and lipids. The new strain, designated as Chlorella sp., was grown in open photobioreactors located in a semiarid region of Brazil, using nutrient conditions with high levels of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium (NPK), leading to accumulation of biomass. In addition, the new strain of Chlorella was characterized in terms of physicochemical properties and starch accumulation. Decreasing the levels of NPK and supplementing the medium with an additional source of carbon enhanced the levels of starch and lipid accumulation and modified the profile of fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) produced by Chlorella sp. These results revealed possibilities in developing affordable and scalable microalgal lipids for biofuel production.

    Keywords - Chlorella sp. Lipids Fatty acid methyl esters Biofuels Photobioreactors.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {José Franciraldo De Lima || Alexandre José De Melo Queiroz || Rossana Maria Feitosa De Figueiredo || Railene Hérica Carlos Rocha Araújo || Wagner Rodrigo De Souza || Adeilton Pereira Maciel},
    title = {Enhancement of Lipid Accumulation in Chlorella Sp. Farming Culture Held in Open Photobioreactors},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {06},
    pages = {88-99},
    month = {June}
    }
    Volume 07 || Issue 06 || Version-2 June- 2018
    Paper Id ::
     ..........
    Paper Title :: Theoretical Matrix Study of Rigid Body Absolute Motion
    Author Name :: Anastas Ivanov Ivanov
    Page Number :: 01-08
    :: 10.9790/1813-0706020108  

    The absolute motion of an arbitrary asymmetric rigid body is studied. This motion is determined after its relative motion has been obtained. The most important peculiarity in this dynamical rigid body model is that the selected pole does not coincide with its mass center. Seven new kinematic characteristics have been defined. The first ones are the following vectors: real absolute, transmisive and relative generalized velocities. The second ones are the vectors-real absolute, transmisive, relative and Coriolisian generalized accelerations. Two new theorems are formulated. The first one is for summation the vectors of real generalized velocities. The second one is for summation the vectors of real generalized accelerations. The system of differential equations describing the rigid body relative motion in matrix form is determined. The algorithm for obtaining the rigid body absolute motion is described.

    Keywords - Matrix study, rigid body, absolute motion, relative motion.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Anastas Ivanov Ivanov},
    title = {Theoretical Matrix Study of Rigid Body Absolute Motion},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {06},
    pages = {01-08},
    month = {June}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     ..........
    Paper Title :: Appraisal of FRSC Efforts at Combating Road Traffic Accident in Nigeria
    Author Name :: Oluwasegun O Aluko
    Page Number :: 09-15
    :: 10.9790/1813-0706020915  

    The burden of road traffic injury and death is high especially in developing countries of the world. This is where Nigeria falls. This paper shows that many developed countries have worked at reducing this burden, which is responsible for the difference between developing and developed countries' road safety experience. The establishment of the Federal Road Safety Corps (FRSC) was an effort at bringing down the burden of road carnage in Nigeria. FRSC, on her part, has developed various activities as strategies to achieve her goals. This paper obtained quantitative data on these activities and the road traffic crash indices associated with them...........

    Keywords - ............

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Oluwasegun O Aluko},
    title = {Appraisal of FRSC Efforts at Combating Road Traffic Accident in Nigeria},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {06},
    pages = {09-15},
    month = {June}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     ..........
    Paper Title :: Numerical Investigation of the Effects of Intake Port Geometry on In-Cylinder Motion and Combustion in Diesel Engine
    Author Name :: Mahmut KAPLAN || Mustafa ÖZBEY || Hakan ÖZCAN
    Page Number :: 16-26
    :: 10.9790/1813-0706021626  

    Increasing pre-combustion turbulence level by air motion inside the intake system and combustion chamber is one of the significant elements to improve the fuel economyindiesel engines. In this study, different intake port configurationswere produced by rotating the base intake port about the cylinder axisand inclining it about the symmetry axis both 30° CW and CCW directions. The effects of these configurations on enhancingswirl, tumble, turbulence level and combustion efficiencywere numerically investigated during intake, compression,and power strokes by using RNG k-ɛ turbulent model in ANSYS FLUENT. The simulation results showed that the inclined port configurations such as -30I and +30I enhanced swirl ratio and created more turbulencenear TDC on the compression stroke comparing to other configurations...........

    Keywords - Diesel engines, intake port, swirl, tumble, turbulence, combustion, CFD

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Mahmut KAPLAN || Mustafa ÖZBEY || Hakan ÖZCAN},
    title = {Numerical Investigation of the Effects of Intake Port Geometry on In-Cylinder Motion and Combustion in Diesel Engine},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {06},
    pages = {16-26},
    month = {June}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     ..........
    Paper Title :: Non-Destructive Testing of Fatigue Damage of Metallic Materials
    Author Name :: Martin Gavenda
    Page Number :: 27-30
    :: 10.9790/1813-0706022730  

    The cyclic loading processes inside material induced the changes in microstructure. Those processes can change the state and also the surface properties on theoutside layer of material. This possibility led to the idea of detection the fatigue damage level by measuring the hardness at the surface layers. The presented contribution will present results of surface hardness measurements on specimens of four different steels materials which were cyclically loaded.

    Keywords - fatigue, hardness, measurement, NDT.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Martin Gavenda},
    title = {Non-Destructive Testing of Fatigue Damage of Metallic Materials},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {06},
    pages = {27-30},
    month = {June}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     ..........
    Paper Title :: Nuclear Law And Service Life Of Nuclear Installations
    Author Name :: Santiago A. Bello Paredes
    Page Number :: 31-37
    :: 10.9790/1813-0706023137  

    Supranational organizations in the field of nuclear energy, such as the IAEA and the NEA at a global level and EURATOM at a European level owe their existence to international treaties that regulate the operation of nuclear installations in the various member states that subscribe to these international organizations. These treaties have generated a common and binding regulatory framework that is similar in all countries. The 'Convention on Nuclear Safety', adopted on June 17, 1994, refers to the regulation of the different stages in the life of a nuclear installation, including the design, construction, operation and decommissioning phases, which are of special relevance to this article. The 'service life' of a nuclear installation will be defined in accordance with the safety, which will have to be studied and assessed by 'regulatory bodies' in each circumstance; without any reference to a statistical or a pre-set life span, nor to it being of a 40-year duration...........

    Keywords - Nuclear Law, Service Life, Nuclear Installations, Safety Nuclear, Regulatory Bodies, Fukushima.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Santiago A. Bello Paredes},
    title = {Nuclear Law And Service Life Of Nuclear Installations},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {06},
    pages = {31-37},
    month = {June}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     ..........
    Paper Title :: Image Quality Assessment Using Multi Exposure Image Fusion by Optimizing Structural Similarity Index
    Author Name :: Sushmitha CM || Meharunnisa SP
    Page Number :: 38-42
    :: 10.9790/1813-0706023842  

    Multi exposure image fusion structural similarity index (MEF-SSIM) is an effective quality enhancement method which is a novel objective quality measure. In this paper the image quality assessment of multi exposure fused images is improved by using MEF-SSIM algorithm. The design philosophy here is substantially different from already existing ones. First build an MEF database and carry out perceptive study to evaluate the quality of images generated by different MEF algorithms. Specifically, first construct the MEF-SSIM by optimizing upon and expand the application scope of existing MEF-SSIM algorithm...........

    Keywords - MEF-SSIM, Gradient ascent, image quality assessment, Multi exposure image fusion (MEF).

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Sushmitha CM || Meharunnisa SP},
    title = {Image Quality Assessment Using Multi Exposure Image Fusion by Optimizing Structural Similarity Index},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {06},
    pages = {38-42},
    month = {June}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     ..........
    Paper Title :: Single Image Super-Resolution Using L2-L2 Algorithm
    Author Name :: Varsha Patil || Meharunnisa Sp
    Page Number :: 43-47
    :: 10.9790/1813-0706024347  

    This paper addresses a unified work for achieving single image super-resolution, which consists of improving a high resolution from blurred, decimated and noisy version. Single image super-resolution is also known as image enhancement or image scaling up. In this paper mainly four steps are used for enhancement of single image resolution: input image, low sampling the image, an analytical solution and L2 regularization. This proposes to deal with the decimation and blurring operators by their particular properties in the frequency domain, which leads to a fast super-resolution approach...........

    Keywords - Single image super-resolution, deconvolution, decimation, analytical solution, L2- regularization.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Varsha Patil || Meharunnisa Sp},
    title = {Single Image Super-Resolution Using L2-L2 Algorithm},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {06},
    pages = {43-47},
    month = {June}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     ..........
    Paper Title :: Appraisal of the Quality of Amaenyi River in Anambra State of
    Nigeria for Irrigation Purpose
    Author Name :: OjedeleO.S. || Ezejiofor N.R. || EhiomogueP. O. || Orji F.N. || NnejiL.N.
    Page Number :: 48-52
    :: 10.9790/1813-0706024852  

    The quality of surface water, which is Amaenyi River, was investigated for its suitability for irrigation purpose in Oyi local government area of Anambra state, Nigeria. The water samples were collected at four different points, namely, two different points at the upstream and downstream level of the river respectively. The water samples were analysed for their physical, chemical, and biological properties, and the average of each tested parameter was recorded in the designed table.The average pH value of the river was 7.12, indicating a slightly alkaline nature.Theaverage values of electrical conductivity and total dissolved solids from Amaenyi River were 20.6 μScm-1 and 13.4mg/l respectively...........

    Keywords - Quality, Amaenyi, River, Irrigation, Sodium Absorption Ratio.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {OjedeleO.S. || Ezejiofor N.R. || EhiomogueP. O. || Orji F.N. || NnejiL.N.},
    title = {Appraisal of the Quality of Amaenyi River in Anambra State of Nigeria for Irrigation Purpose},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {06},
    pages = {48-52},
    month = {June}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     ..........
    Paper Title :: Root Supermultiplicities In Borcherds Superalgebras A4 And Corresponding Combinatorial Identities
    Author Name :: K.Priyadharsini
    Page Number :: 53-63
    :: 10.9790/1813-0706025363  

    In this paper, root supermultiplicities and corresponding combinatorial identities for the Borcherds superalgebras which are extensions of 4 A is found out.

    Keywords - Borcherds superalgebras, Colored superalgebras, Root supermultiplicities.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {K.Priyadharsini},
    title = {Root Supermultiplicities In Borcherds Superalgebras A4 And Corresponding Combinatorial Identities},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {06},
    pages = {53-63},
    month = {June}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     ..........
    Paper Title :: Use of Non-Destructive Tests (NDT) To Assess the Concrete
    Strength of aConcrete Structure: A Case Study
    Author Name :: Ojedele O. S. || Ajagbe W.A. || Ehiomogue P. O. || Orji F.N. || Nneji L. N.
    Page Number :: 64-69
    :: 10.9790/1813-0706026469  

    The quality of concrete can be judged by its compressive strength. Non-Destructive Tests (NDT) are necessary to assess the compressive strength of structural members in an existing building like the one understudy (Emmanuel Egboga building, University of Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria). The purpose of this research work is to investigate the strength of this building which has shown cracks of different nature, to ascertain the safety of the building. The method adopted consists of reconnaissance survey to observe the occurrence of any crackand location of structural elements in the building. A device invented by Schmidt (a roman) called Schmidt Concrete Test Hammer was used to determine the residual strength of the structural members (which are beam, column, floor slab) of the building understudy...........

    Keywords - Concrete, Compressive Strength, Non-Destructive Test, Structural members, Cracks.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Ojedele O. S. || Ajagbe W.A. || Ehiomogue P. O. || Orji F.N. || Nneji L. N.},
    title = {Use of Non-Destructive Tests (NDT) To Assess the Concrete Strength of aConcrete Structure: A Case Study},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {06},
    pages = {64-69},
    month = {June}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     ..........
    Paper Title :: The Effects of Ethanol-Gasoline, Methanol-Gasoline and Ethanol- Methanol-Gasoline Blends on Engine Performance, Combustion Characteristics, and Exhaust Emissions
    Author Name :: Hakan ÖZCAN || Mustafa ÖZBEY || Orhan GURSEL
    Page Number :: 70-82
    :: 10.9790/1813-0706027082  

    An experimentally study were carried out to investigate the effect of methanol and/or ethanol blends with gasoline on the combustion characteristics,engine performance and pollutant emissions. The blends including up to 15% by volume of alcohol and pure gasoline were used as test fuels in a four stroke, single cylinder, spark ignition (SI) engine. Experiments were performed at similar operating conditions under wide open throttle (WOT) operating conditions with varying engine speeds between 1200 and 1800 rpm. The test results showed that the average change in engine brake power, brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC), brake thermal efficiency (BTE), volumetric and combustion efficiencies within all engine speed and all blends rates by 4.63%, 4.91%, 1.46%, 13.5% and 0.27% for methanol-ethanol-gasoline blends, respectively..........

    Keywords - Performance; Pollutant emissions;Gasoline; Ethanol; Methanol; Blends; Spark-ignition engine.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Hakan ÖZCAN || Mustafa ÖZBEY || Orhan GURSEL},
    title = {The Effects of Ethanol-Gasoline, Methanol-Gasoline and Ethanol- Methanol-Gasoline Blends on Engine Performance, Combustion Characteristics, and Exhaust Emissions},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {06},
    pages = {70-82},
    month = {June}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     ..........
    Paper Title :: Multiple Control of Unidirectional Ac-Dc Step-Up Converters for Improving Power Quality
    Author Name :: Saiyad Tausif R.B. Ali || Dr.Rakesh G.Shriwastava
    Page Number :: 83-93
    :: 10.9790/1813-0706028393  

    The ineluctability of solid state ac-dc step-up converters to raise power quality in terms of power factor correction (PFC), diminished total harmonic distortion at input ac mains and absolutely regulated dc output have motivated the control methods based on power electronics based compensators and other static controllers, such as FACTS technologies. Utmost power factor correction circuits present in the industrial market exploit unidirectional ac-dc step-up converter topologies, this is an around no-cost solution for compensating harmonic current and reactive power in residential application. By using unidirectional ac-dc step-up converter harmonic current and reactive power compensation is at beforehand investigated.........

    Keywords - Active power filter(APF), harmonic current compensation(HCC), power factor correction(PFC), reactive power compensation(RPC), unidirectional ac-dc step-up converter.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Saiyad Tausif R.B. Ali || Dr.Rakesh G.Shriwastava},
    title = {Multiple Control of Unidirectional Ac-Dc Step-Up Converters for Improving Power Quality},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {06},
    pages = {83-93},
    month = {June}
    }
    Volume 07 || Issue 06 || Version-3 June- 2018
    Paper Id ::
     ..........
    Paper Title :: Timoshenko's Stress-Strain Application In Determining The Variation Of Tensile Elastic Modulus In Flexible Pavements Modified With Candle Wax And Subjected To Diametral Split
    Author Name :: Enwuso Aleruchi Igwe || Kormane Fun-Akpo Pere
    Page Number :: 01-05
    :: 10.9790/1813-0706030105  

    Laboratory investigation of flexible pavement was carried out using asphalt concrete samples to simulate the behaviour of actual field conditions of a flexible pavement under light, medium and heavy traffic conditions. The study was carried out in order to ascertain the variation that will result in the elastic modulus of flexible pavements modified with candle wax using Timoshenko's stress-strain analysis from Hooke's Law of Linearity. Furthermore, the concretes were subjected to tensile splitting by the application of static loads across the diametral axis of the concretes to obtain stresses and strains in both horizontal and vertical directions within the elastic region. The results obtained were imputed into Timoshenko's model for obtaining elastic modulus of materials..........

    Keywords - FLEXIBLE PAVEMENT, ELASTIC MODULUS, TIMOSHENKO, STRESS-STRAIN, SPLIT TEST AND CANDLE WAX.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Enwuso Aleruchi Igwe || Kormane Fun-Akpo Pere},
    title = {Timoshenko's Stress-Strain Application In Determining The Variation Of Tensile Elastic Modulus In Flexible Pavements Modified With Candle Wax And Subjected To Diametral Split},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {06},
    pages = {01-05},
    month = {June}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     ..........
    Paper Title :: Implementation of an Algorithm for Face Recognition by Using Principal Component Analysis (Pca) In Matlab
    Author Name :: Igwe,Agu Felix || Benson-Emenike || Mercy E.
    Page Number :: 06-10
    :: 10.9790/1813-0706030610  

    This paper was designed and implemented by using MATLAB (R2016a). This algorithm applied the eigenfaces system based on Principal Component Analysis (PCA) to ascertain the faces, in which a set of faces are stored in the data base which are used to compare other faces of different persons that may claim to ownership of account or other identities.

    Keywords - Face recognition, Eigenfaces, Eigenvalues, Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Holistic Matching.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Igwe,Agu Felix || Benson-Emenike || Mercy E.},
    title = {Implementation of an Algorithm for Face Recognition by Using Principal Component Analysis (Pca) In Matlab},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {06},
    pages = {06-10},
    month = {June}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     ..........
    Paper Title :: Housing Improvement Based On Gender Role In Urban Kampung Of Surabaya
    Author Name :: Dela Erawati || Happy Ratna Santosa || Rika Kisnarini || Dewi Septanti
    Page Number :: 11-18
    :: 10.9790/1813-0706031118  

    One of the relations between gender and architecture is located on how space is used. It is often shows the portion of each gender's role in an environment, even though it is not a fixed one. In context of kampung with various kinds of backgrounds, women tend to be a rather permanent resident with longer hours of stay inside kampung. In order to support themselves and their family, most of them started to work at home, created a home based enterprises (HBE). Located near to one of major traditional market in Surabaya, Kampung Genteng Candirejo strived to keep clean in order to live up its name as Herbal Centre of Surabaya.........

    Keywords - Finance, gender, HBE, housing, Kampung Unggulan, woman empowerment.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Dela Erawati || Happy Ratna Santosa || Rika Kisnarini || Dewi Septanti},
    title = {Housing Improvement Based On Gender Role In Urban Kampung Of Surabaya},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {06},
    pages = {11-18},
    month = {June}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     ..........
    Paper Title :: The Effect ofOrganizational Commitment andLocus ofControl onPerformance throughJob Satisfaction Personnel Yonkav 8 Nara Singa Wiratama
    Author Name :: Abimanyu Eka Utama || P. Eddy Sanusi Silitonga || M. Irawan Noor
    Page Number :: 19-28
    :: 10.9790/1813-0706031928  

    This study aims to determine the effect of organizational commitment and locus of control on the performance of personnel simultaneously and partially. The study was conducted on the personnel of Yonkav 8 Nara SingaWiratama by taking the number of samples of 81 personnel taken using the random sampling method. Data analysis using path analysis. The results showed that the organizational commitment variable and locus of control affect the performance of personnel simultaneously and partially. The direct influence of organizational commitment and locus of control variable on the performance of personnel through job satisfaction is greater than indirect influence so that it can be said that the variable of satisfaction is not as intervening variable.

    Keywords - Organizational commitment, the locus of control, job satisfaction, personnel.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Abimanyu Eka Utama || P. Eddy Sanusi Silitonga || M. Irawan Noor},
    title = {The Effect ofOrganizational Commitment andLocus ofControl onPerformance throughJob Satisfaction Personnel Yonkav 8 Nara Singa Wiratama},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {06},
    pages = {19-28},
    month = {June}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     ..........
    Paper Title :: Effect of Styles of Leadership and Ability to Employee Performance through Motivation in PT. Akebono Brake Astra Indonesia
    Author Name :: Alifah || Suharto || Akhmad Sodikin
    Page Number :: 29-40
    :: 10.9790/1813-0706032940  

    The company is a unity that can not be separated. Companies without human resources cannot run theiroperations in achieving the goals and targets set, and vice versa human resources without the company will not be able to actualize the skills and knowledge and skills possessed with the maximum. Therefore, to realize the harmony of both parties is required management role in managing all activities undertaken to achieve goals and targets set with a maximum. A manager is someone who works through others by coordinating his or her activities to achieve the stated goals and objectives..........

    Keywords - leadership style, workability, motivation and employee performance.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Alifah || Suharto || Akhmad Sodikin},
    title = {Effect of Styles of Leadership and Ability to Employee Performance through Motivation in PT. Akebono Brake Astra Indonesia},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {06},
    pages = {29-40},
    month = {June}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     ..........
    Paper Title :: TheProductivity Improvement in Operational Performance Focusing on the Behaviourof Performance Indicators
    Author Name :: Anselmo Alves Bandeira || NilayShah
    Page Number :: 41-53
    :: 10.9790/1813-0706034153  

    This research has two objectives. The first one is to show the importance to the productivity improvement analyzing the behaviour of performance indicators and the second one is to present a mathematical formulationto simulate multi-level capacitated lot-sizing problems as a challenging task. By establishing a framework based on the fundamental elements inherent to decision-making processes pertinent to plastic production, we identify several opportunities for advancing research and practice. The problem is in the process of optimizing the factory production lines, focusing on productivity, minimizing lead time and production cost. The main objective is to control production levels to meet demand adequately.........

    Keywords - productivity; production scheduling; lot sizing; optimization.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Anselmo Alves Bandeira || NilayShah},
    title = {TheProductivity Improvement in Operational Performance Focusing on the Behaviourof Performance Indicators},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {06},
    pages = {41-53},
    month = {June}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     ..........
    Paper Title :: A Study on the Attitude of Customer towards Viral Video Advertising on Social Media: A Case Study in Viet Nam
    Author Name :: Shiow-Luan Wang || Nguyen Thi Ngoc Lan
    Page Number :: 54-60
    :: 10.9790/1813-0706035460  

    Viral Video Advertising (VVA) is a special form of Advertising; usually appear in viral marketing campaign. It takes advantage of social media to convey widely message to the customer as well as enhance the relationship between the consumer and the brand. The research concerns on making clearly how some elements of attitude affect to attitude of the customer towards VVA. The data had been collected from 300 samples in Viet Nam and analyzed by Pearson Correlation, Regression, and Multiple Regression in SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences) program. The result illustrate that there are positive relationships between Informativeness Perception, Entertainment Perception, Source Credibility Perception and the Attitude of the customer towards VVA. Besides, the attitude of the customer towards VVA is a crucial factor which positive impacts on Consumer Purchase Intention.

    Keywords - Viral Video Advertising, Attitude, Purchase Intention, Viet Nam.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Shiow-Luan Wang || Nguyen Thi Ngoc Lan},
    title = {A Study on the Attitude of Customer towards Viral Video Advertising on Social Media: A Case Study in Viet Nam},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {06},
    pages = {54-60},
    month = {June}
    }
    Paper Id ::
     ..........
    Paper Title :: Consumer Attitudes To Edible Frog (Ranaesculenta) Meat In Sokoto Metropolis, North-Western Nigeria
    Author Name :: Yusuf, A || Koko, H. M || Sani, I || || Kabir, M. S. || jibir,M
    Page Number :: 61-63
    :: 10.9790/1813-0706036163  

    A cross sectional study was undertaken in Sokoto metropolis North-western Nigeria to determine attitudes to consumption of edible frog (Ranaesculenta)meat. A multi-stage sampling technique was used to selecta total of 90 respondents from the largest Local government Areas to the smallest administrative unit (area) that make up the Sokoto metropolis. Respondents' were assessed using two self reporting attitudinal evaluation techniques; latent semantic analysis and semantic differential scale, semantic analysis of respondents' comments revealed that 93.30% had positive attitude, 6.70% had negative attitude, toward ediblefrogmeat consumption, on a semantic differential scale Ganda was considered Good (+1.16), Healthy (+3.50), Delicious (+1.16) and Nutritious (+2.33);The implications of the study are; thus indicated that frog meat is not food item in the study area; but remains a product with a high potential for trade and nutritional important.

    Keywords - Attitude, Consumption, Frog (Ranaesculenta) meat, Latent Semantic Analysis, Semantic Differential.

    @article{key:article,
    author = {Yusuf, A || Koko, H. M || Sani, I || || Kabir, M. S. || jibir,M},
    title = {Consumer Attitudes To Edible Frog (Ranaesculenta) Meat In Sokoto Metropolis, North-Western Nigeria},
    journal = {The International Journal of Engineering and Science},
    year = {2018},
    volume = {07},
    number = {06},
    pages = {61-63},
    month = {June}
    }